Monday, August 21, 2017

Bibliography



Primary Sources

Abegg, Jr., Martin G., Michael O. Wise, and Edward M. Cook. The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Translation. San Francisco, Calf.: HarperCollins, 2005.
Ackermann, Hans Christoph, and Jean-Robert Gisler. Lexicon iconographicum mythologiae classicae. 8 vols. Zurich: Artemis, 1997.
Aelian, Claudius. On Animals: Books 12–17. Translated by A. F. Scholfield. Vol. 3. 3 vols. LCL 449. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1959.
———. Historical Miscellany. Translated by N. G. Wilson. LCL 486. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1997.
Aeschines. Speeches. Translated by C. D. Adams. LCL 106. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1919
———. Oresteia: Agamemnon. Libation-Bearers. Eumenides. Edited and translated by Alan H. Sommerstein. Vol. 2. 3 vols. LCL 146. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Aeschylus. Persians. Seven against Thebes. Suppliants. Prometheus Bound. Edited and translated by Alan H. Sommerstein. Vol. 1. 3 vols. LCL 145. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Allegro, John M., and A. A. Anderson. Qumrân Cave 4: I (4Q 158–4Q 186). DJD 5. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1968.
Amidenus, Aëtius. Aetii medici graeci contractae ex veteribus medicinae sermones 16. Edited by Janus Cornarius and Hugo Solerius. Venetiis: Gryphius, 1553.
Ampelius, Lucius. Lucii Ampelii Liber Memorialis. Translated by Edidit Erwin Assmann. Leipzig: Teubner, 1935.
Andrew of Caesarea. Commentary on the Apocalypse. Translated by Eugenia Scarvelis Constantinou. Washington, D.C: The Catholic University of America Press, 2011.
Apollodorus. The Library: Books 1–3.9. Translated by James George Frazer. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 121. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1921.
Apollonius of Tyana. Letters of Apollonius. Ancient Testimonia. Eusebius’s Reply to Hierocles Philostratus. Edited and translated by Christopher P. Jones. Vol. 3. 3 vols. LCL 458. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2006.
Appian. Roman History: The Civil Wars, Books 1–3.26. Translated by Horace White. Vol. 3. 4 vols. LCL 4. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1913.
———. Roman History: The Civil Wars, Books 3.27–5. Translated by Horace White. Vol. 4. 4 vols. LCL 5. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1913.
———. Roman History: Books 8.2–12. Translated by Horace White. Vol. 2. 4 vols. LCL 3. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1912.
———. The Foreign Wars. Translated by Horace White. New York, N.Y.: MacMillan & Co., 1899.
Apuleius. Metamorphoses (The Golden Ass): Books 1–6. Edited and translated by J. Arthur Hanson. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 44. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996.
———.Metamorphoses (The Golden Ass): Books 7–11. Edited and translated by J. Arthur Hanson. Vol. 2. 2 vols. LCL 453. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989.
Aristides, Publius Aelius. Orations. Edited and translated by Michael Trapp. Vol. 1. LCL 533. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2017.
———.The Complete Works: Orations 1–16. Translated by Charles A. Behr. Vol. 1. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1986.
———.The Complete Works: Orations 17–53. Translated by Charles A. Behr. Vol. 2. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1981.
Aristophanes. Acharnians. Knights. Edited and translated by Jeffrey Henderson. Vol. 1. 5 vols. LCL 178. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998.
———. Clouds. Wasps. Peace. Edited and translated by Jeffrey Henderson. Vol. 2. 5 vols. LCL 488. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998.
———. Frogs. Assemblywomen. Wealth. Edited and translated by Jeffrey Henderson. Vol. 4. 5 vols. LCL 180. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002.
Aristotle. Athenian Constitution. Eudemian Ethics. Virtues and Vices. Translated by H. Rackham. Vol. 20. 23 vols. LCL 285. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1935.
———. Minor Works: On Colours. On Things Heard. Physiognomics. On Plants. On Marvellous Things Heard. Mechanical Problems. On Indivisible Lines. The Situations and Names of Winds. On Melissus, Xenophanes , Gorgias. Translated by W. S. Hett. Vol. 14. 23 vols. LCL 307. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1936.
———. Nicomachean Ethics. Translated by H. Rackham. Vol. 19. 23 vols. LCL 73. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1926.
———. Politics. Translated by H. Rackham. Vol. 21. 23 vols. LCL 264. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1932.
———. The History of Animals: Volume II: Books 4–6. Translated by A. L. Peck. Vol. 10. 23 vols. LCL 438. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970.
Arrian. Anabasis of Alexander: Books 1–4. Translated by P. A. Brunt. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 236. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1976.
———. Epictetus Discourses, Books 1–2. Translated by W. A. Oldfather. Vol. 1. LCL 131. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1925.
———. Epictetus Discourses, Books 3–4. Fragments. The Encheiridion. Translated by W. A. Oldfather. Vol. 2. LCL 218. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1928.
Artemidorus. Interpretation of Dreams: Oneirocritica. Translated by Robert J. White. 2nd ed. Park Ridge, N. J.: Original Books, 1990.
Athenaeus. The Learned Banqueters: Books 1–3.106e. Edited and translated by S. Douglas Olson. Vol. 1. 7 vols. LCL 204. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2007.
———. The Learned Banqueters: Books 3.106e–5. Edited and translated by S. Douglas Olson. Vol. 2. 7 vols. LCL 208. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2007.
———. The Learned Banqueters: Books 6–7. Edited and translated by S. Douglas Olson. Vol. 3. 7 vols. LCL 224. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2008.
———. The Learned Banqueters: Books 12–13.594b. Edited and translated by S. Douglas Olson. Vol. 6. 7 vols. LCL 327. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2010.
Attridge, Harold, Torleif Elgvin, Jozef Milik, Saul Olyan, John Strugnell, Emanuel Tov, James Vanderkam, and Sidnie White. Qumran Cave 4: VIII: Parabiblical Texts, Part I. DJD 13. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1995.
Ausonius. Books 18–20. Paulinus Pellaeus: Eucharisticus. Translated by Hugh G. Evelyn-White. Vol. 2. 2 vols. LCL 115. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1921.
Avot, Pirke. Sayings of the Jewish  Fathers. Whitefish, Mont.: Kessinger, 2004.
Bacchylides , and Corinna. Greek Lyric: Bacchylides, Corinna, and Others. Edited and translated by David A. Campbell. Vol. 4. LCL 461. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1992.
Baillet, M., ed. Qumrân Grotte 4.III (4Q482–4Q520). DJD 7. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1982.
Baillet, M., Józef Tadeusz Milik, and Roland de Vaux, eds. Les “petites grottes” de Qumrân. DJD 3. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1962.
Balz, Horst, and Gerhard Schneider, eds. Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament. 3 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1990.
Bauer, Walter, Frederick W. Danker, William F. Arndt, and F. Wilbur Gingrich, eds. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, and Other Early Christian Literature. 3rd ed. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1999.
Betz, Hans Dieter, ed. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation, Including the Demotic Spells. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Blass, F., and A. DeBrunner. A Greek Grammar of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Translated by Robert W. Funk. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1961.
Blümel, Wolfgang. Die Inschriften von Iasos. 2 vols. IGSK 28.1–2. Bonn: Habelt, 1985.
Böeckh, August, Johannes Franz, Ernst Curtius, and Adolf Kirchhoff. Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum. 4 vols. Berolini, Italy: Officina academica, 1877.
Bovon, François, and Christopher R. Matthews, trans. The Acts of Philip : A New Translation. Waco, Tex.: Baylor University Press, 2012.
Breitenstein, Niels, and Willy Schwabacher, eds. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum. 7 vols. Copenhagen, Denmark: Publié sous le Patronage de l’Union Académique Internationale, 1942.
Brenton, Lancelot C. L. The Septuagint Version of the Old Testament with Apocrypha: Greek and English. London, U.K.: Bagster & Sons, 1851.
Briggs, Charles A., Samuel R. Driver, and Francis Brown. Hebrew-Aramaic and English Lexicon of the Old Testament. Complete and Unabridged. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1996.
Brooke, George, John Collins, Torleif Elgvin, Peter Flint, and Jonas Greenfield. Discoveries in the Judaean Desert: Qumran Cave 4: XVII: Parabiblical Texts, Part 3. DJD 22. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1996.
Buckler, William Hepburn, and David M. Robinson. Sardis: Greek and Latin Inscriptions. Vol. 7. Leiden: Brill, 1932.
Buckler, William Hepburn, William M. Calder, and William Keith C. Guthrie, eds. Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua IV: Monuments and Documents from Eastern Asia and Western Galatia. Vol. 4. 11 vols. JRSM. Manchester: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, 1933.
———. eds. Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua VI: Monuments and Documents from Phrygia and Caria. Vol. 6. 11 vols. JRSM. Manchester: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, 1939.
Burnett, Andrew, Michel Amandry, and Pere Pau Ripollés Alegre, eds. Roman Provincial Coinage. 9 vols. London, U.K.: British Museum Press, 2003.
Cabrol, Fernand, and Henri Leclercq, eds. Dictionnaire d’archéologie chrétienne et de liturgie. 15 vols. Letouzey et Ané, 1907–1953.
Caesar, Julius. Civil War. Edited and translated by Cynthia Damon. LCL 39. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2016.
Callimachus, Aratus, and Lycophron. Hymns and Epigrams. Lycophron: Alexandra. Aratus: Phaenomena. Translated by A. W. Mair and G. R. Mair. LCL 129. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1955.
Carradice, Ian A. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VI, Corpus Christi College Cambridge, The Lewis Collection Part I: The Greek and Hellenistic Coins (with Britain and Parthia). Oxford, U.K.: British Archaeological Reports, 1972.

Cassius Dio. Roman History: Books 1–11. Translated by Ernest Cary and Herbert B. Foster. Vol. 1. 9 vols. LCL 32. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1914.
———. Roman History: Books 51–55. Translated by Ernest Cary and Herbert B. Foster. Vol. 6. 9 vols. LCL 83. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1917.
———. Roman History: Books 56–60. Translated by Ernest Cary and Herbert B. Foster. Vol. 7. 9 vols. LCL 175. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1924.
———. Roman History: Books 61–70. Translated by Ernest Cary and Herbert B. Foster. Vol. 8. 9 vols. LCL 176. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1924.
Celsus. On Medicine: Books 1–4. Translated by W. G. Spencer. Vol. 1. 3 vols. LCL 292. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1935.
Chaniotis, Angelos, Thomas Corsten, Nikolaos Papazarkadas, and Rolf Tybout, eds. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum. Leiden: Brill, 1923–2015.
Charles, Robert H., ed. The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1913.
Charlesworth, James H., ed. The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha. 2 vols. ABRL. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1983.
Chilton, Bruce D. The Isaiah Targum: Introduction, Translation, Apparatus and Notes. Aramaic Bible 11. Wilmington, Del.: Glazier, 1987.
Chrysostom, Dio. Discourses 1–11. Translated by J. W. Cohoon. Vol. 1. 5 vols. LCL 257. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1939.
———. Discourses 12–30. Translated by J. W. Cohoon and H. Lamar Crosby. Vol. 2. 5 vols. LCL 339. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1939.
———. Discourses 31–36. Translated by J. W. Cohoon and H. Lamar Crosby. Vol. 3. 5 vols. LCL 358. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1940.
———. Discourses 37–60. Translated by H. Lamar Crosby. Vol. 4. 5 vols. LCL 376. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1946.
———. Discourses 61–80. Fragments. Letters. Translated by H. Lamar Crosby. Vol. 5. 5 vols. LCL 385. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1951.
Cicero, Marcus Tullius. De Oratore Books 1–2. Translated by E. W. Sutton and H Rackham. Vol. 3. 29 vols. LCL 348. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996.
———. In Catilinam 1–4. Pro Murena. Pro Sulla. Pro Flacco. Translated by C. Macdonald. Vol. 10. 29 vols. LCL 324. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1976.
———. Letters to Atticus. Translated by D. R. Shackleton-Bailey. Vol. 22. 29 vols. LCL 7. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999.
———. Letters to Friends: Vol. 1: Letters 1–113. Translated by D. R. Shackleton-Bailey. Vol. 25. 29 vols. LCL 205. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2001.
———. Letters to Friends: Vol. 2: Letters 114–280. Translated by D. R. Shackleton-Bailey. Vol. 26. 29 vols. LCL 216. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2001.
———. On Old Age. On Friendship. On Divination. Translated by W. A. Falconer. Vol. 20. LCL 154. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1923.
———. On the Nature of the Gods (De natura deorum), Academica. Translated by H Rackham. LCL 268. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980.
———. On the Orator: Books 1–2. Translated by E. W. Sutton and H Rackham. Vol. 3. 29 vols. LCL 348. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1942.
———. On the Republic. On the Laws. Translated by Clinton W. Keyes. Vol. 16. 29 vols. LCL 213. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1928.
———. Orations: Pro Caelio. De Provinciis Consularibus. Pro Balbo. Translated by R. Gardner. Vol. 13. 29 vols. LCL 447. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1958.
———. Orations: Pro Lege Manilia. Pro Caecina. Pro Cluentio. Pro Rabirio. Perduellionis Reo. Translated by H. Grose Hodge. Vol. 9. 29 vols. LCL 198. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1990.
———. Philippics 1–6. Edited by John T. Ramsey and Gesine Manuwald. Translated by D. R. Shackleton Bailey. Vol. 15a. 29 vols. LCL 189. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2010.
———. Philippics 7–14. Edited by John T. Ramsey and Gesine Manuwald. Translated by D. R. Shackleton. Vol. 15b. 29 vols. LCL 507. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2010.
———. Pro Archia. Post Reditum in Senatu. Post Reditum Ad Quirites. De Domo Sua. De Haruspicum Responsis. Pro Plancio. Translated by N. H. Watts. Vol. 11. 29 vols. LCL 158. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1923.
———. Pro Quinctio. Pro Roscio Amerino. Pro Roscio Comoedo. On the Agrarian Law. Translated by J. H. Freese. Vol. 6. 29 vols. LCL 240. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1930.
———. The Orations of Marcus Tullius Ciciero. Edited and translated by Charles D. Yonge. 4 vols. London, U.K.: Bell & Sons, 1913.
———. The Verrine Orations I: Against Caecilius. Against Verres, Part 1; Part 2, Books 1–2. Translated by L. H. G. Greenwood. Vol. 7. 29 vols. LCL 221. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1928.
———. The Verrine Orations II: Against Verres, Part 2, Books 3-5. Translated by L. H. G. Greenwood. Vol. 8. 29 vols. LCL 293. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1935.
Claudian. On Stilicho’s Consulship 2–3. Panegyric on the Sixth Consulship of Honorius. The Gothic War. Shorter Poems. Rape of Proserpina. Translated by M. Platnauer. Vol. 2. 2 vols. LCL 136. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1922.
———. Panegyric on Probinus and Olybrius. Against Rufinus 1 and 2. War against Gildo. Against Eutropius 1 and 2. Fescennine Verses on the Marriage of Honorius. Epithalamium of Honorius and Maria. Panegyrics on the Third and Fourth Consulships of Honorius. Pane. Translated by M. Platnauer. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 135. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1922.
Collins, John, Peter W. Flint, James C. VanderKam, George Brooke, Torleif Elgvin, Jonas C. Greenfield, Erik Larson, Carol A. Newsom, Émile Puech, and Lawrence H. Schiffman. Qumran Cave 4: XVII, Parabiblical Texts, Part 3. DJD 22. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1997.
Comfort, Philip Wesley, and David P. Barrett, eds. The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Corrected and Enlarged ed. Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale, 2001.
———. The Complete Text of the Earliest New Testament Manuscripts. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1999.
Comfort, Philip Wesley. Early Manuscripts and Modern Translations of the New Testament. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2001.
———. Encountering the Manuscripts: An Introduction to New Testament Paleography & Textual Criticism. Nashville, Tenn.: Broadman & Holman Academic, 2005.
Commodianus, Gazaeus. “The Instructions of Commodianus in Favour of Christian Discipline, Against the Gods of the Heathens.” In Ante-Nicene Fathers: Fathers of the Third Century: Tertullian, Part Fourth: Minucius Felix; Commodian; Origen, Parts First and Second, edited by Alexander Roberts, James Donaldson, Philip Schaff, and Henry Wace, translated by Robert Ernest Wallis, New Ed., 4:199–402. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1994.
Corsten, Thomas. Die Inschriften von Laodikeia Am Lykos. IGSK 49. Bonn: Habelt, 1997.
Demosthenes. Orations 18-19: De Corona, De Falsa Legatione. Translated by C. A. Vince and J. H. Vince. Vol. 2. 7 vols. LCL 155. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1926.
Dessau, Hermann. Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae. In 5 parts. 3 vols. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1892.
Dio Cassius . Roman History: Books 41–45. Translated by Ernest Cary and Herbert B. Foster. Vol. 4. 9 vols. LCL 66. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1916.
———. Roman History: Books 51–55. Translated by Ernest Cary and Herbert B. Foster. Vol. 6. 9 vols. LCL 83. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1917.
———. Roman History: Books 56–60. Translated by Ernest Cary and Herbert B. Foster. Vol. 7. 9 vols. LCL 175. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1924.
———. Roman History: Books 61–70. Translated by Ernest Cary and Herbert B. Foster. Vol. 8. 9 vols. LCL 176. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1924.
———. Roman History: Books 71–80. Translated by Ernest Cary and Herbert B. Foster. Vol. 9. 9 vols. LCL 177. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1927.
Diodorus Siculus. Library of History: Books 9–12.40. Translated by C. H. Oldfather. Vol. 4. 12 vols. LCL 375. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1946.
———. Library of History: Books 15.20–16.65. Translated by Charles L. Sherman. Vol. 7. 12 vols. LCL 389. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1952.
———. Library of History: Books 16.66–17. Translated by C. Bradford Welles. Vol. 8. 12 vols. LCL 422. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1963.
———. Library of History: Fragments of Books 21–32. Translated by Francis R. Walton. Vol. 11. 12 vols. LCL 409. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1957.
———. Library of History: Fragments of Books 33–40. Translated by Francis R. Walton. Vol. 12. 12 vols. LCL 423. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1967.
Diogenes Laertius. Lives of Eminent Philosophers: Books 1–5. Translated by Robert Drew Hicks. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 184. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1925.
———. Lives of Eminent Philosophers: Books 6–10. Translated by Robert Drew Hicks. Vol. 2. 2 vols. LCL 185. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1925.
Dittenberger, Carl Friedrich Wilhelm, ed. Inscriptiones graecae IX.1: Inscriptiones Phocidis, Locridis, Aetoliae, Acarnaniae, insularum maris Ionii. Vol. 1. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1897.
Dittenberger, Carl Friedrich Wilhelm, Johann Gaertringen, Johannes E. Kirchner, Joannes Pomtow, Georg Wissowa, and Erich Ziebarth, eds. Sylloges insciptionum graecarum. Orientis graeci inscriptiones selectae: Supplementum. 3rd ed. 4 vols. Leipzig: Nachdruck der Ausgabe, 1915–1924.
Donner, Herbert, and Wolfgang Röllig. Kanaanäische und aramäische Inschriften. 5th ed. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2002.
Edson, Charles F., ed. Inscriptiones graecae, X: Inscriptiones Epiri, Macedoniae, Thraciae, Scythiae. Pars II, Fasc. 1: Inscriptiones Thessalonicae et Viciniae. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1972.
Elliott, J. K., ed. The Apocryphal New Testament: A Collection of Apocryphal Christian Literature in an English Translation Based on M. R. James. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Epiphanius  of Salamis. Panarion: Book II and III (Sects 47-80, De Fide). Translated by Frank Williams. Leiden: Brill, 1993.
Etheridge, J. W., ed. Targum Pseudo Jonathan on the Pentateuch. London, U.K.: Longman, Green, Longman, & Roberts, 1862-1865.
Euripides. Bacchae. Iphigenia at Aulis. Rhesus Euripides. Edited and translated by David Kovacs. Vol. 6. 8 vols. LCL 495. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003.
———. Trojan Women. Iphigenia among the Taurians. Ion. Translated by David Kovacs. Vol. 4. 8 vols. LCL 10. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Eusebius, Pamphilus, and Jerome. The Bodleian Manuscript of Jerome’s Version of the Chronicles of Eusebius. Edited by John Knight Fotheringham. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 2012.
Eusebius, Pamphilus. De Praeparatio Evangelica. Translated by Edward Hamilton Gifford. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1981.
———. Ecclesiastical History: Books 1–5. Translated by Kirsopp Lake. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 153. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1926.
———. The Onomasticon of Eusebius Pamphili: Compared with the Version of Jerome and Annotated. Edited by Noel C. Wolf. Translated by C. Umhau Wolf. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1971.
———. The Proof of the Gospel-2 Vol in One. Translated by W. J. Ferrar. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2001.
Eustathius. Commentarii Ad Homeri Iliadem et Odysseam. Edited by Gottfried Stallbaum. Reprint of 1825–30 edition. 4 vols. Hildesheim: Olms, 1970.
Eutropius. Justin, Cornelius Nepos, and Eutropius. Translated by John Selby Watson. London: George Bell & Sons, 1886.
Felix, Marcus Minucius, and Tertullian. Apology. De Spectaculis. Minucius Felix: Octavius. Translated by T. R. Glover and Gerald H. Randall. LCL 250. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1931.
Fiorelli, Giuseppe. Descrizione di Pompeii. Napoli: Tipografia italiana, 1875.
Flaccus, Gaius Valerius. Argonautica. Translated by John Henry Mozley. LCL 286. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1934.
Franke, Peter Robert, and Harald Küthmann. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland: Staatliche Münzsammlung München. Berlin: Mann, 1968.
Fränkel, Max, Ernst Fabricius, and Carl Schuchhardt. Die Inschriften von Pergamon. 2 vols. Sonderausgabe Aus Den Altertümern von Pergamon 8. Berlin: Spemann, 1890.
Freedman, H., and Maurice Simon, eds. Midrash Rabbah. 10 vols. London, U.K.: Soncino, 1992.
Freeman-Grenville, G. S. P., and Joan E. Taylor, eds. The Onomasticon by Eusebius of Caesarea and the Liber Locorum of Jerome: Palestine in the Fourth Century AD. Translated by G. S. P. Freedman-Grenville. Jerusalem: Carta, 2003.
Frey, P. Jean-Baptiste. Corpus Inscriptionum Iudaicarum: Recueil Des Inscriptions Juives Qui Vont Du IIIe Siècle de Notre Ère. Vol. 3. Rome: Pontifico Istituto di Archeologa Cristiana, 1936.
Friedlander, Gerald, trans. Pirke De Rabbi Eliezer (The Chapters of Rabbi Eliezer The Great): According to the Text of the Manuscript Belonging to Abraham Epstein of Vienna Translated and Annotated with Introduction and Indices. London, U.K.: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., 1916.
Galen, and Hippocrates. The Writings of Hippocrates and Galen. Translated by John Redman Coxe. Philadelphia, Pa.: Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blakiston, 1846.
Galen. A Translation Of Galen’s Hygiene: De Sanitate Tuenda. Translated by Robert Montraville Green. Springfield, IL.: Thomas, 1951.
———. Galen on Anatomical Procedures: De Anatomicis Administrationibus. Translated by Charles Singer. London, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1956.
———. Galen on the Passions and Errors of the Soul. Translated by Walther Riese. Ohio State University Press, 1963.
———. Method of Medicine: Books 1–4. Edited and translated by G. H. R. Horsley and Ian Johnston. Vol. 1. 3 vols. LCL 516. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2011.
———. Method of Medicine: Books 5–9. Edited and translated by G. H. R. Horsley and Ian Johnston. Vol. 2. 3 vols. LCL 517. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2011.
———. Method of Medicine: Books 10–14. Edited and translated by G. H. R. Horsley and Ian Johnston. Vol. 3. 3 vols. LCL 518. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2011.
George, Andrew R. The Babylonian Gilgamesh Epic: Introduction, Critical Edition and Cuneiform Texts HELP. Vol. 1. 2 vols. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Gesenius, Friedrich Wilhelm, Samuel Prideaux Tregelles, and Joseph Henry Thayer. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament & Gesenius’ Hebrew And Chaldee Lexicon To The Old Testament Scriptures. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1987.
Goldwurm, Hersh, and Nosson Scherman, eds. The Talmud. Schottenstein Edition. 73 vols. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Mesorah, 1990.
Graser, Elsa R. “A Text and Translation of the Edict of Diocletian.” In An Economic Survey of Ancient Rome: Rome and Italy of the Empire, edited by Tenney Frank, 5:307–421. Baltimore, Md.: John Hopkins University Press, 1975.
Grenfell, Bernard Pyne, and Arthur Surridge Hunt. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri. 75 vols. London, U.K.: Egypt Exploration Society, 2009.
Haase, Wolfgang, and Hildegard Temporini, eds. Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung. Principat. Religion. 2. 26. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1995.
———. Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung. Principat. Religion. ANRW, 2.26. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1995.
Hallo, William W., and K. Lawson Younger, eds. The Context of Scripture: Archival Documents from the Biblical World. 3 vols. Leiden: Brill Academic, 2002.
Harper, Robert Francis, trans. The Code of Hammurabi King of Babylon about 2250 BC. Chicago, Ill.: The University of Chicago Press, 1904.
Harris, Keith N. “The ‘De Ave Phoenice’ of Lactantius: A Commentary and Introduction.” M.A. diss., University of British Columbia, 1978.
Head, Barclay Vincent. A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum: Lydia . Vol. 22. London, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1902.
———. Catalogue of the Greek Coins of Ionia in the British Museum. Edited by Reginald Stuart Poole. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1892.
Heberdey, Rudolf, ed. Tituli Pisidiae Linguis Graeca et Latina Conscripti, 1. Tituli Termessi et Agri Termessensis. TAM III, 1. Vienna: ÖAW, 1941.
Heliodorus of Emesa. Heliodorus: An Ethiopian Romance. Translated by Moses Hadas. Philadelphia, Pa.: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999.
Heraclitus of Ephesus. The Fragments of the Work of Heraclitus of Ephesus on Nature. Translated by Ingram Bywater and G. T. W. Patrick. London, U.K.: Murray, 1889.
Herodian. History of the Empire: Books 1–4. Translated by C. R. Whittaker. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 454. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969.
———. History of the Empire: Books 5–8. Translated by C. R. Whittaker. Vol. 2. 2 vols. LCL 455. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970.
Herodotus . Historia: The Persian  Wars: Books 1–2. Translated by Alfred Denis Godley. Vol. 1. 4 vols. LCL 117. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1920.
———. Historia: The Persian Wars: Books 3–4. Translated by Alfred Denis Godley. Vol. 2. 4 vols. LCL 118. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1921.
———. Historia: The Persian Wars: Books 5–7. Translated by Alfred Denis Godley. Vol. 3. 4 vols. LCL 119. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1922.
Heron of Alexandria. Druckwerke Und Automatentheater: Pneumatica Et Automata. Translated by Wilhelm Schmidt. Griechisch und Deutsch. 5 vols. Stuttgart, Germany: Teubner, 1976.
Herrmann, Peter, ed. Tituli Lydiae Linguis. TAM V, 2. Vienna: ÖAW, 1989.
Hesiod. Theogony. Works and Days. Testimonia. Translated by Glenn W. Most. Vol. 1. 3 vols. LCL 57. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2007.
Hipponax of Ephesus, Archiochus, and Semonides. Greek Iambic Poetry From the Seventh to the Fifth Centuries BC. Edited and translated by Douglas E. Gerber. LCL 259. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Homer. Iliad: Books 1–12. Edited by George E. Dimock. Translated by A. T. Murray. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 170. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1924.
———. Iliad: Books 13–24. Edited by William F. Wyatt. Translated by A. T. Murray. Vol. 2. 2 vols. LCL 171. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1925.
———. Odyssey: Books 1–12. Edited by George E. Dimock. Translated by A. T. Murray. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 104. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1919.
———. Odyssey: Books 13–24. Edited by George E. Dimock. Translated by A. T. Murray. Vol. 2. 2 vols. LCL 105. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1919.
———. Odes and Epodes. Translated by Niall Rudd. LCL 33. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2004.
Horace. Satires. Epistles. The Art of Poetry. Translated by H. Rushton Fairclough. LCL 194. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1926.
Horsley, G. H. R., and Stephen R. Llewelyn, eds. New Documents Illustrating Early Christianity. 10 vols. NewDocs. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1981.
Hoz, María Paz de. Die lydischen Kulte im lichte der griechischen inschriften. AMStud. 36. Bonn: Habelt, 1999.
Hunt, A.S., trans. Select Papyri: Public Documents. Vol. 2. 5 vols. LCL 282. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1934.
Hyginus, Caius Julius. The Myths of Hyginus. Edited and translated by Mary Amelia Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies 34. Lawrence, Kans.: University of Kansas Press, 1960.
Imhoof-Blumer, Friedrich. Kleinasiatische Münzen. 2 vols. Sonderschriften Des Österreichischen Archäologischen Institutes. Vienna: Hölder, 1901.
Josephus, Flavius. Jewish  Antiquities: Volume II, Books 4–6. Translated by H. St. J. Thackeray and Joel Marcus. Vol. 6. 13 vols. LCL 490. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1930.
———. Jewish Antiquities: Volume III, Books 7-8. Translated by Ralph Marcus. Vol. 7. 13 vols. LCL 281. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1934.
———. Jewish Antiquities: Volume IV, Books 9–11. Translated by Ralph Marcus. Vol. 8. 13 vols. LCL 326. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1937.
———. Jewish Antiquities: Volume V, Books 12–13. Translated by Ralph Marcus. Vol. 9. 13 vols. LCL 365. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1943.
———. Jewish Antiquities: Volume VI, Books 14–15. Translated by Ralph Marcus and Allen Wikgren. Vol. 10. 13 vols. LCL 489. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1943.
———. Jewish Antiquities: Volume VII, Books 16–17. Translated by Ralph Marcus and Allen Wikgren. Vol. 11. 13 vols. LCL 410. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1963.
———. Jewish Antiquities: Volume VIII, Books 18–19. Translated by Louis H. Feldman. Vol. 12. 13 vols. LCL 433. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1965.
———. Jewish Antiquities: Volume IX, Book 20. Translated by Louis H. Feldman. Vol. 13. 13 vols. LCL 456. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1965.
———. The Jewish War: Volume I, Books 1–2. Translated by H. St. J. Thackeray. Vol. 2. 13 vols. LCL 203. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1927.
———. The Jewish War: Volume II, Books 3–4. Translated by H. St. J. Thackeray. Vol. 3. 13 vols. LCL 487. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1927.
———. The Jewish War: Volume III, Books 5–7. Translated by H. St. J. Thackeray. Vol. 4. 13 vols. LCL 210. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1928.
———. The Life. Against Apion. Translated by H. St. J. Thackeray. Vol. 1. 13 vols. LCL 186. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1926.
———. The Works of Josephus: Complete and Unabridged. Translated by William Whiston. New Updated. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1980.
Justinus, Marcus Junianus. Epitome of the Philippic, History of Pompeius Trogus. Edited by James J. Clauss. Translated by J. C. Yardley. APAACS 3. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1994.
Juvenal, and Persius. Juvenal and Persius. Edited and translated by Susanna Morton Braund. LCL 91. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2004.
Kaibel, Georg, ed. Inscriptiones graecae, XIV. Inscriptiones Siciliae et Italiae, Additis Galliae, Hispaniae, Britanniae, Germaniae Inscriptionibus. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1890.
Kapossy, Balázs. Sylloge nummorum graecorum Schweiz II. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum II. Bern: Haupt, 1993.
Keil, Josef, and Anton von Premerstein, eds. Bericht über eine Reise in Lydien und der südlichen Aiolis. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse 53, 54, 57. Vienna: Hölder, 1910–1914.
Kent, John Harvey. The Inscriptions, 1926 to 1950: Corinth. Vol. 8, Part 3. Athens: American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1966.
Kirchner, Johannes E., De Gaertingen, and F. Hiller, eds. Inscriptiones graecae, Inscriptiones Atticae: Editio Minor. 2nd ed. 8 vols. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1923.
Kitchen, Kenneth A. Ramesside Inscriptions—Translated and Annotated, Translations, Vol. IV: Merenptah and the Late Nineteenth Dynasty. Vol. 4. Oxford, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell, 2003.
Knibb, Michael Anthony. “Martyrdom and Ascension of Isaiah: A New Translation and Introduction.” In The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha: Apocalyptic Literature and Testaments, edited by James H. Charlesworth, 1:143–76. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1983.
Koehler, Lidwig, Walter Baumgartner, B. Hartmann, and Johann J. Stamm, eds. The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. Translated by M. E. J. Richardson. 3rd ed. 5 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1994.
Kolbe, Walther, ed. Inscriptiones graecae, V.1: Inscriptiones Laconiae et Messeniae. Vol. 1. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1967.
Kropp, Angelicus M., ed. Ausgewählte koptische zaubertexte. 3 vols. Bruxelles: Égyptologique Reine Élisabeth, 1930–1931.
Kühn, Karl Gottlob, ed. Claudii Galeni Opera Omnia. 22 vols. Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1964.
Kutscher, Edward Yechezkel. The Language and Linguistic Background of the Isaiah Scroll: 1QIsaa. Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah 6. Leiden: Brill, 1974.
Lactantius. Lactanti De Ave Phoenice: With Introduction, Text, Translation, and Commentary. Edited by Mary Cletus Fitzpatrick. Philadelphia, Pa.: University of Pennsylvania, 1933.
Lafaye, Georges, René Cagnat, J. Toutain, and Victor Henry, eds. Inscriptiones graecae ad res romanas pertinentes. 4 vols. Paris: Leroux, 1901–1927.
Lanz, Hubert. Numismatik Lanz München, Auction Catlogues. Munchin: Numismatik Lanz, 2016.
Le Bas, Philippe, William Henry Waddington, Eugène Landron, and Paul François Foucart. Voyage archéologique en Grèce et en Asie Mineure, Tome III: Inscriptions grecques et latines recueillies en Asie Mineure. Paris, France: Chez Firmin Didot Frères, 1870.
LeMaire, André. Inscriptions Hébraïques. I. Les Ostraca. Vol. 1. Littératures Anciennes Du Proche-Orient 9. Paris: Les Éditions du Cerf, 1977.
Liddell, H. G., Robert Scott, and Stuart Jones. A Greek-English Lexicon. 10th ed. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1940.
Lightfoot, Joseph B. The Apostolic Fathers: Greek Texts and English Translations. Edited by Michael William Holmes. 3rd ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2007.
Lindgren, Henry Clay, and Frank L. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant from the Lindgren Collection. Vol. 1. 3 vols. San Mateo: Chrysopylon, 1985.
Lipman, Eugene J., ed. The Mishnah; Oral Teachings of Judaism. Berlin: Schocken, 1974.
Livy. History of Rome: Books 3–4. Translated by B. O. Foster. Vol. 2. 14 vols. LCL 133. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1922.
———. History of Rome: Books 5–7. Translated by B. O. Foster. Vol. 3. 14 vols. LCL 172. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1924.
———. History of Rome: Books 8–10. Translated by B. O. Foster. Vol. 4. 14 vols. LCL 191. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1926.
———. History of Rome: Books 26–27. Translated by Frank Gardner Moore. Vol. 7. 14 vols. LCL 367. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1943.
———. History of Rome: Books 31–34. Translated by Evan T. Sage. Vol. 9. 14 vols. LCL 295. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1935.
———. History of Rome: Books 35–37. Translated by Evan T. Sage. Vol. 10. 14 vols. LCL 301. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1935.
———. History of Rome: Books 38–39. Translated by Evan T. Sage. Vol. 11. 14 vols. LCL 313. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1936.
———. History of Rome: Books 40–42. Translated by Evan T. Sage and Alfred Cary Schlesinger. Vol. 12. 14 vols. LCL 332. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1938.
———. Periochae Livianae: Abrégés Des Livres de L’histore Romaine de Tite-Live. Edited and translated by P. Jal. Budé 34. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1984.
Llewelyn, Stephen R., and J. R. Harrison. New Documents Illustrating Early Christianity: A Review of the Greek and Other Inscriptions and Papyri Published Between 1988 and 1992. Edited by E. J. Bridge. Vol. 10. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2012.
Louw, Johannes E., and Eugene A. Nida. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament: Based on Semantic Domains. 2nd ed. 2 vols. New York, N.Y.: United Bible Societies, 1989.
Lubetski, Meir, and Edith Lubetski, eds. New Inscriptions and Seals Relating to the Biblical World. Atlanta, Ga.: SBL, 2012.
Lucian of Samosata. The Civil War (Pharsalia). Translated by J. D. Duff. LCL 220. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1928.
———. Anacharsis or Athletics. Menippus or The Descent into Hades. On Funerals. A Professor of Public Speaking. Alexander the False Prophet. Essays in Portraiture. Essays in Portraiture Defended. The Goddesse of Surrye. Translated by A. M. Harmon. Vol. 4. 8 vols. LCL 162. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1925.
———. Dialogues of the Dead. Dialogues of the Sea-Gods. Dialogues of the Gods. Dialogues of the Courtesans. Translated by M. D. Macleod. Vol. 8. LCL 431. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1961.
———. The Dead Come to Life or The Fisherman. The Double Indictment or Trials by Jury. On Sacrifices. The Ignorant Book Collector. The Dream or Lucian’s Career. The Parasite. The Lover of Lies. The Judgement of the Goddesses. On Salaried Posts in Great Houses. Translated by A. M. Harmon. Vol. 3. 8 vols. LCL 130. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1921.
———. The Downward Journey or The Tyrant. Zeus Catechized. Zeus Rants. The Dream or The Cock. Prometheus. Icaromenippus or The Sky-Man. Timon or The Misanthrope. Charon or The Inspectors. Philosophies for Sale. Translated by A. M. Harmon. Vol. 2. LCL 54. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1915.
———. The Passing of Peregrinus. The Runaways. Toxaris or Friendship. The Dance. Lexiphanes. The Eunuch. Astrology. The Mistaken Critic. The Parliament of the Gods. The Tyrannicide. Disowned. Translated by A. M. Harmon. Vol. 5. 8 vols. LCL 302. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1936.
Lucretius. On the Nature of Things. Edited by Martin F. Smith. Translated by W. H. D. Rouse. LCL 181. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1924.
Lycophron, Callimachus, and Aratus. Hymns and Epigrams. Lycophron: Alexandra. Aratus: Phaenomena. Translated by A. W. Mair and G. R. Mair. LCL 129. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1955.
Lydus, Ioannes. On the Months (De Mensibus). Edited by Anastasius C. Bandy, Craig J. N. De Paulo, and Demetrios J. Constantelos. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen, 2013.
Macrobius. Saturnalia: Books 1–2. Translated by Robert A. Kaster. Vol. 1. 3 vols. LCL 510. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2011
Magie, David, trans. Historia Augusta: Caracalla. Geta. Opellius Macrinus. Diadumenianus. Elagabalus. Severus Alexander. The Two Maximini. The Three Gordians. Maximus and Balbinus. Vol. 2. 3 vols. LCL 140. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1924.
———. Historia Augusta: The Two Valerians. The Two Gallieni. The Thirty Pretenders. The Deified Claudius. The Deified Aurelian. Tacitus. Probus. Firmus, Saturninus, Proculus and Bonosus. Carus, Carinus and Numerian. Vol. 3. 3 vols. LCL 263. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1932.
Manilius. Astronomica. Translated by G. P. Goold. LCL 469. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1977.
Mannsperger, D., ed. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland: Münzsammlung Der Universität Tübingen. 6 vols. Munchin: Universität Tübingen, 1981.
Marcellinus, Ammianus. History: Books 14–19. Translated by John C. Rolfe. Vol. 1. 3 vols. LCL 300. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1950.
Marcellus, Nonius. De compendiosa doctrina libros 20. Edited by Wallace Martin Lindsay. 3 vols. Lipsiae: Teubner, 1903.
Martial, Marcus Valerius. Epigrams: Spectacles, Books 1–5. Edited and translated by D. R. Shackleton Bailey. Vol. 1. 3 vols. LCL 94. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999.
———. Epigrams: Books 6–10. Edited and translated by D. R. Shackleton-Bailey. Vol. 2. 3 vols. LCL 95. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993.
———. Epigrams: Books 11–14. Edited and translated by D. R. Shackleton-Bailey. Vol. 3. 3 vols. LCL 480. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993.
Martínez, Florentino García, and W. G. E. Watson. The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated: The Qumran Texts in English. 2nd ed. Leiden: Brill Academic, 1997.
Mattingly, Harold B., Edward Allen Sydenham, and Carol Humphrey Vivian Sutherland, eds. The Roman Imperial Coinage. 13 vols. London, U.K.: Spink & Son, 1923–1994.
Mead, G. R. S. trans. Pistis Sophia: A Gnostic Gospel. San Diego: Book Tree, 2006.
Memnon. Die Fragmente Der Griechischen Historiker: History of Heracleia. No. 434. Translated by Felix Jacoby. Leiden: Brill, 1955.
Merlin, Alfred, ed. L’Année épigraphique. Villejuif: Collège de France, 1963.
Meyer, Marvin, and James M. Robinson, eds. The Nag Hammadi Scriptures: The Revised and Updated Translation of Sacred Gnostic Texts Complete in One Volume. New York, N.Y.: HarperCollins, 2009.
Mionnet, Théodore Edme. Description de médailles antiques, grecques et romaines, avec leur degré de rareté et leur estimation. Vol. 5. 16 vols. Paris: chez l’auteur, 1835.
Mommsen, Theodor, and Herbert Nesselhauf, eds. Corpus Inscriptionum latinarum: Diplomata militaria. Vol. 16. 20 vols. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1974.
Moulton, James H., and George Milligan. Vocabulary of the Greek Testament. London, U.K.: Hodder & Stoughton, 1930.
Musée du Louvre. Textes cunéiformes. Département des Antiquités Orientales. Paris, France: Geuthner, 1910.
Musurillo, Hebert, ed. The Acts of the Christian Martyrs. Translated by Hebert Musurillo. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1972.
Newton, Charles Thomas. The Collection of Ancient Greek Inscriptions in the British Museum. Edited by E. L. Hicks. 5 vols. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1874.
Nicolet, Helene, Jean Delepierre, Marie Delepierre, and Georges Le Rider. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum. France, Bibliothéque Nationale, Cabinet Des Médailles. Collection Jean et Marie Delepirre. Paris, France: Bibliothéque Nationale, 1983–2001.
Noy, David, and Hanswulf Bloedhorn, eds. Inscriptiones judaicae orientis. 3 vols. TSAJ 99, 101, 102. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2004.
Oppenheim, A. Leo. Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. 21 vols. Chicago, Ill.: University Of Chicago Press, 1977.
Origen. Homilies on Luke: Fragments on Luke. Translated by Joseph T. Lienhard. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1996.
———. Homilies on Numbers. Edited by Christopher A. Hall. Translated by Thomas P. Scheck. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 2009.
Ovid. Fasti. Edited by G. P. Goold. Translated by James G. Frazer. Vol. 5. 6 vols. LCL 253. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1931.
———. Heroides. Amores. Edited by G. P. Goold. Translated by Grant Showerman. Vol. 1. 6 vols. LCL 41. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1914.
———. Metamorphoses: Books 1–8. Edited by G. P. Goold. Translated by Frank Justus Miller. Vol. 1. 6 vols. LCL 42. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1916.
———. Metamorphoses: Books 9–15. Edited by G. P. Goold. Translated by Frank Justus Miller. Vol. 2. 6 vols. LCL 43. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1916.
———. Tristia, Ex Ponto. Edited by G. P. Goold. Translated by A. L. Wheeler. Vol. 6. 6 vols. LCL 151. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1924.
Paterculus, Velleius. Compendium of Roman History. Res Gestae Divi Augusti. Translated by Frederick W. Shipley. LCL 152. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1924.
Paton, William R., ed. Inscriptiones graecae, XII. Inscriptiones Insularum Maris Aegaei Praeter Delum: 2. Inscriptiones Lesbi, Nesi, Tenedi. Vol. 12. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1899.
———. trans. The Greek Anthology: Book 13: Epigrams in Various Metres. Book 14: Arithmetical Problems, Riddles, Oracles. Book 15: Miscellanea. Book 16: Epigrams of the Planudean Anthology Not in the Palatine Manuscript. Vol. 5. Loeb Classical Library 86. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1918.
Pauly, August Friedrich. Realencyclopädie Der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft. Edited by Georg Wissowa and S. Kroll. 50 vols in 84 parts. Stuttgart: Metzler & Druckenmüller, 1894–1980.
Pausanias . Description of Greece, Books 1–2: Attica and Corinth. Translated by Henry A Ormerod and W. H. S. Jones. Vol. 1. 5 vols. LCL 93. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1918.
———. Description of Greece, Books 3–5: Laconia, Messenia, Elis 1. Translated by W. H. S. Jones and Henry A Ormerod. Vol. 2. 5 vols. LCL 188. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1926.
———. Description of Greece, Books 6–8.21: Elis 2, Achaia, Arcadia. Translated by W. H. S. Jones. Vol. 3. 5 vols. LCL 272. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1933.
———. Description of Greece, Books 8.22–10: Arcadia, Boeotia, Phocis and Ozolian Locri. Translated by W. H. S. Jones. Vol. 4. 5 vols. LCL 297. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1935.
Perry, Ben Edwin. Aesopica: Studies in Text History of Life and Fables of Aesop: Greek and Latin Texts. 2 vols. Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 1952.
Petronius, Seneca. Satyricon. Apocolocyntosis. Edited by E. H. Warmington. Translated by Michael Heseltine and W. H. D. Rouse. LCL 15. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1913.
Pettinato, Giovanni, and A. Alberti. Catalogo Dei Testi Cuneiformi Di Tell Mardikh-Ebla. Materiali Epigrafici Di Ebla 1. Naples: Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli, 1979.
Petzl, Georg. Die Inschriften von Smyrna. 2 vols. IGSK 23–24. Bonn: Habelt, 1982–1990.
———. Tituli Lydiae Linguis Graeca et Latina Conscripti: Fasciculus III, Philadelpheia et Ager Philadelphenus. TAM V, 3. Vienna: ÖAW, 2007.
Pfann, Stephen, and Philip Alexander, eds. Qumran Cave 4: Cryptic Texts and Miscellanea, Part 1: Miscellaneous Texts from Qumran. DJD 36. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 2000.
Pharr, Clyde. The Theodosian Code and Novels, and the Sirmondian Constitutions. Union, NJ: The Lawbook Exchange, 2001.
Philo. Every Good Man Is Free. On the Contemplative Life. On the Eternity of the World. Against Flaccus . Apology for the Jews. On Providence. Translated by F. H. Colson. Vol. 9. 10 vols. LCL 363. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1941.
———. On Abraham. On Joseph. On Moses. Translated by F. H. Colson. Vol. 6. 10 vols. LCL 289. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1935.
———. On Flight and Finding. On the Change of Names. On Dreams. Translated by F. H. Colson and G. H. Whitaker. Vol. 5. 10 vols. LCL 275. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1934.
———. On the Cherubim. The Sacrifices of Abel and Cain. The Worse Attacks the Better. On the Posterity and Exile of Cain. On the Giants. Translated by F. H. Colson and G. H. Whitaker. Vol. 2. 10 vols. LCL 227. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1929.
———. On the Confusion of Tongues. On the Migration of Abraham. Who Is the Heir of Divine Things? On Mating with the Preliminary Studies. Translated by F. H. Colson and G. H. Whitaker. Vol. 4. 10 vols. LCL 261. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1932.
———. On the Creation. Allegorical Interpretation of Genesis 2 and 3. Translated by F. H. Colson and G. H. Whitaker. Vol. 1. 10 vols. LCL 226. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1929.
———. On the Decalogue. On the Special Laws, Books 1–3. Translated by F. H. Colson. Vol. 7. 10 vols. LCL 320. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1937.
———. On the Embassy to Gaius. General Indexes. Edited by J. W. Earp. Translated by F. H. Colson. Vol. 10. 10 vols. LCL 379. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1962.
———. On the Unchangeableness of God. On Husbandry. Concerning Noah’s Work As a Planter. On Drunkenness. On Sobriety. Translated by F. H. Colson and G. H. Whitaker. Vol. 3. 10 vols. LCL 247. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1930.
———. Supplement II: Questions on Exodus. Translated by Ralph Marcus. LCL 401. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1953.
Philostratus, and Eunapius. Lives of the Sophists. Eunapius: Lives of the Philosophers and Sophists. Translated by Wilmer C. Wright. Vol. 4. 4 vols. LCL 134. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1921.
Philostratus, Flavius. Life of Apollonius of Tyana: Books 1–4. Translated by Christopher P. Jones. Vol. 1. 4 vols. LCL 16. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2005.
———. Life of Apollonius of Tyana: Books 5–8. Edited and translated by Christopher P. Jones. Vol. 2. 4 vols. LCL 17. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2005.
———. The Life of Apollonius of Tyana, The Epistles of Apollonius, and the Treatise of Eusebius. Translated by Frederick C Conybeare. 2 vols. LCL 16. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989.
Pilhofer, Peter. Philippi. Band II. Katalog der Inschriften von Philippi. 2nd ed. 2 vols. WUNT 119. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009.
Pindar. Olympian Odes. Pythian Odes. Edited and translated by William H. Race. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 56. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1997.
Plato. Laws: Volume II, Books 7–12. Translated by R. G. Bury. Vol. 11. 12 vols. LCL 192. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1926.
———. Republic: Volume I, Books 1–5. Edited and translated by William Preddy and Chris Emlyn-Jones. Vol. 5. LCL 237. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2013.
Plautus, Titus Maccius. Amphitryon. The Comedy of Asses. The Pot of Gold. The Two Bacchises. The Captives. Translated by Wolfgang David Cirilo de Melo. Vol. 1. 5 vols. Loeb Classical Library 60. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2011.
———. Casina. The Casket Comedy. Curculio. Epidicus. The Two Menaechmuses Plautus. Edited and translated by Wolfgang David Cirilo de Melo. Vol. 2. 5 vols. LCL 61. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2011.
———. The Little Carthaginian. Pseudolus. The Rope. Edited and translated by Wolfgang David Cirilo de Melo. Vol. 4. 5 vols. Loeb Classical Library 260. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2012.
Pliny the Elder. Natural History: Books 1–2. Translated by H. Rackham. Vol. 1. 10 vols. LCL 330. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1938.
———. Natural History: Books 3–7. Translated by H. Rackham. Vol. 2. 10 vols. LCL 352. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1942.
———. Natural History: Books 8–11. Translated by H. Rackham. Vol. 3. 10 vols. LCL 353. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1940.
———. Natural History: Books 12–16. Translated by H. Rackham. Vol. 4. 10 vols. LCL 370. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1945.
———. Natural History: Books 20–23. Translated by William H. S. Jones. Vol. 6. 10 vols. LCL 392. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1951.
———. Natural History: Books 24–27. Translated by William H. S. Jones and A. C. Andrews. Vol. 7. 10 vols. LCL 393. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1956.
———. Natural History: Books 28–32. Translated by William H. S. Jones. Vol. 8. 10 vols. LCL 418. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1963.
———. Natural History: Books 33–35. Translated by William H. S. Jones. Vol. 9. 10 vols. LCL 394. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1952.
———. Natural History: Books 36–37. Translated by D. E. Eichholz. Vol. 10. 10 vols. LCL 419. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1962.
Pliny the Younger. Letters, Books 1–7. Translated by Betty Radice. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 55. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969.
———. Letters, Books 8–10: Panegyricus. Translated by Betty Radice. Vol. 2. 2 vols. LCL 59. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969.
Plutarch. Lives: Agis and Cleomenes. Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus. Philopoemen and Flamininus. Translated by Bernadotte Perrin. Vol. 10. 11 vols. Loeb Classical Library 102. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1921.
———. Lives: Alcibiades and Coriolanus. Lysander and Sulla. Translated by Bernadotte Perrin. Vol. 4. 11 vols. LCL 80. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1916.
———. Lives: Demetrius and Antony. Pyrrhus and Gaius Marius. Translated by Bernadotte Perrin. Vol. 9. 11 vols. LCL 101. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1920.
———. Lives: Demosthenes and Cicero. Alexander and Caesar. Translated by Bernadotte Perrin. Vol. 7. 11 vols. LCL 99. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1919.
———. Lives: Pericles and Fabius Maximus. Nicias and Crassus. Translated by Bernadotte Perrin. Vol. 3. 11 vols. LCL 65. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1916.
———. Lives: Sertorius and Eumenes. Phocion and Cato the Younger. Translated by Bernadotte Perrin. Vol. 8. 11 vols. LCL 100. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1919.
———. Moralia: Isis and Osiris. The E at Delphi. The Oracles at Delphi No Longer Given in Verse. The Obsolescence of Oracles. Translated by Frank Cole Babbitt. Vol. 5. 15 vols. LCL 306. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1936.
———. Moralia: Love Stories. That a Philosopher Ought to Converse Especially With Men in Power. To an Uneducated Ruler. Whether an Old Man Should Engage in Public Affairs. Precepts of Statecraft. On Monarchy, Democracy, and Oligarchy. That We Ought Not to Borrow. Lives. Translated by Harold North Fowler. Vol. 10. 16 vols. LCL 321. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1936.
———. Moralia: On the Malice of Herodotus. Causes of Natural Phenomena. Translated by Lionel Pearson and F. H. Sandbach. Vol. 11. 16 vols. LCL 426. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1965.
———. Moralia: Roman Questions. Greek Questions. Greek and Roman Parallel Stories. On the Fortune of the Romans. On the Fortune or the Virtue of Alexander. Were the Athenians More Famous in War or in Wisdom? Translated by Frank Cole Babbitt. Vol. 4. 16 vols. Loeb Classical Library 305. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1936.
———. Moralia: Sayings of Kings and Commanders. Sayings of Romans. Sayings of Spartans. The Ancient Customs of the Spartans. Sayings of Spartan Women. Bravery of Women. Translated by Frank Cole Babbitt. Vol. 3. 15 vols. LCL 245. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1931.
———. Moralia: Table-Talk, Books 1–6. Translated by P. A. Clement and H. B. Hoffleit. Vol. 8. 16 vols. LCL 424. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969.
———. Moralia: Table-Talk, Books 7–9, Dialogue on Love. Translated by Edwin L. Minar, Jr., F. H. Sandbach, and W. C. Helmbold. Vol. 9. 15 vols. LCL 425. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1961.
Pollux, Julius. Onomasticon (Greek Edition). Edited by Karl Wilhelm Dindorf. Charleston, S.C.: Nabu, 1824, reprint 2012.
Polyaenus. Stratagems of War. Translated by Richard Shepherd. London, U.K.: Nichol, 1793.
Polybius. The Histories: Books 1–2. Edited by F. W. Walbank and Christian Habicht. Translated by William R. Paton. Vol. 1. 6 vols. LCL 128. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2010.
———. The Histories: Books 5–8. Edited by F. W. Walbank and Christian Habicht. Translated by William R. Paton. Vol. 3. 6 vols. LCL 138. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2011.
———. The Histories: Books 9–15. Edited by F. W. Walbank and Christian Habicht. Translated by William R. Paton. Vol. 4. 6 vols. LCL 159. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2011.
———. The Histories: Books 16–27. Edited by F. W. Walbank and Christian Habicht. Translated by William R. Paton. Vol. 5. 6 vols. LCL 160. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2012.
———. The Histories: Books 28–39. Fragments. Edited by F. W. Walbank, Christian Habicht, and S. Douglas Olson. Translated by William R. Paton and S. Douglas Olson. Vol. 6. 6 vols. LCL 161. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2012.
Preisigke, Friedrich, ed. Sammelbuch Griechischer Urkunden aus Ägypten. 5 vols. Strassburg: Trübner, 1915.
Pritchard, James Bennett. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament with Supplement. 3rd ed. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1969.
Procopius of Caesarea. History of the Wars: Books 3–4. (Vandalic War). Translated by H. B. Dewing. Vol. 2. 7 vols. LCL 81. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1916.
———. On Buildings. General Index. Translated by H. B. Dewing and Glanville Downey. Vol. 7. 7 vols. LCL 343. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1940.
———. The Anecdota or Secret History. Translated by H. B. Dewing. Vol. 6. 7 vols. LCL 290. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1935.
Propertius, Sextus. Elegies. Translated by G. P. Goold. LCL 18. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1990.
Pseudo-Galen. Oeuvres, III. Le Médecin. Introduction. Edited by Caroline Petit. Paris, France: Belles Lettres, 2009.
Puech, Émile. Qumran Cave 4.XVIII: Textes Hébreux (4Q521–4Q528, 4Q576–4Q579). DJD 25. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1998.
Quasten, Johannes. Patrology. 4 vols. Westminster: Christian Classics, 1986.
Rawlinson, Henry C. The Persian Cuneiform Inscription at Behistun, Decyphered and Translated; With a Memoir on Persian Cuneiform Inscriptions in General, and on That of Behistun in Particular. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1848.
Roberts, Alexander, James Donaldson, Philip Schaff, and Henry Wace, eds. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Series 1. 14 vols. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1994.
———. eds. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Series 2. 14 vols. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1994.
———. eds. Ante-Nicene Fathers. New Ed. 10 vols. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1994.
Robinson, James M., ed. The Nag Hammadi Library: A Translation of the Gnostic Scriptures. London, U.K.: HarperCollins, 1990.
Rodkinson, Michael L. New Edition of the Babylonian Talmud: Original Text, Edited, Corrected, Formulated and Translated into English. 20 vols. Boston, Mass.: The Talmud Society, 1918.
Sallust, Gaius. The War with Catiline. The War with Jugurtha. Translated by John C. Rolfe and John T. Ramsey. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 116. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2013.
Sanders, J. A. The Psalms Scroll of Qumran Cave 11. DJD 4. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1965.
Sappho, and Alcaeus. Greek Lyric, Volume 1: Sappho and Alcaeus. Edited and translated by David A. Campbell. LCL 142. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1982.
Schuller, Eileen, Esther Eshel, Hanan Eshel, Carol A. Newsom, Bilhah Nitzan, and Ada Yardeni. Qumran Cave 4. VI: Poetical and Liturgical Texts, Part 1. DJD 11 Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1998.
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus. Epistles, Volume I: Epistles 1–65. Translated by Richard M. Gummere. Vol. 4. 10 vols. LCL 75. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1917.
———. Epistles: Volume II, Epistles 66–92. Translated by Richard M. Gummere. Vol. 5. 10 vols. LCL 76. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1920.
———. Epistles: Volume III, Epistles 93–124. Translated by Richard M. Gummere. Vol. 6. 10 vols. LCL 77. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1925.
———. Moral Essays, Volume I De Providentia. De Constantia. De Ira. De Clementia. Translated by John W. Basore. Vol. 1. 10 vols. LCL 214. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1928.
———. Natural Questions: Books 1–3. Translated by Thomas H. Corcoran. Vol. 7. 10 vols. LCL 450. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1971.
———. Tragedies, Volume I Hercules. Trojan Women. Phoenician Women. Medea. Phaedra. Translated by John G. Fitch. Vol. 8. 10 vols. LCL 62. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002.
Servius , Maurus Honoratus. Servii Grammatici Qui Feruntur in Vergilii Carmina Commentarii: Vol 2. Aeneid Books 6–12. Translated by Georgius Thilo and Herman Hagen. Vol. 2. 4 vols. Cambridge Library Collection – Classics. New York, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Sidonius Apollinaris. Letters Books 3–9. Translated by W. B. Anderson. Vol. 2. 2 vols. LCL 420. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1965.
Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus. Ajax. Electra. Translated by Hugh Lloyd-Jones. Vol. 1. 3 vols. LCL 20. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1994.
———. Antigone. The Women of Trachis. Philoctetes. Oedipus at Colonus. Translated by Hugh Lloyd-Jones. Vol. 2. 3 vols. LCL 21. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1994.
———. Fragments. Translated by Hugh Lloyd-Jones. Vol. 3. 3 vols. LCL 483. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996.
Sparks, H. F. D., ed. The Apocryphal Old Testament. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1984.
Statius. Silvae. Translated by D. R. Shackleton Bailey. Vol. 1. 3 vols. LCL 206. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003.
———. Thebaid, Volume I: Books 1–7. Translated by D. R. Shackleton-Bailey. Vol. 2. 3 vols. LCL 207. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2004.
Stephanus of Byzantium. De Urbanus. Edited by Thomas de Pinedo. Typis Jacobi de Jonge, 1678.
Strabo . Geography: Books 1–2. Translated by Horace Leonard Jones. Vol. 1. 8 vols. LCL 49. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1917.
———. Geography: Books 3–5. Translated by Horace Leonard Jones. Vol. 2. 8 vols. LCL 50. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1923.
———. Geography: Books 6–7. Translated by Horace Leonard Jones. Vol. 3. 8 vols. LCL 182. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1924.
———. Geography: Books 8–9. Translated by Horace Leonard Jones. Vol. 4. 8 vols. LCL 196. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1927.
———. Geography: Books 10–12. Translated by Horace Leonard Jones. Vol. 5. 8 vols. LCL 211. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1928.
———. Geography: Books 13–14. Translated by Horace Leonard Jones. Vol. 6. 8 vols. LCL 223. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1929.
———. Geography: Books 15–16. Translated by Horace Leonard Jones. Vol. 7. 8 vols. LCL 241. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1930.
Stronk, Jan P., trans. Ctesias’ Persian History: Introduction, Text and Translation Pt. 1. Düsseldorf: Wellem Verlag, 2010.
Strugnell, John, Daniel J Harrington, and Torleif Elgvin, eds. Qumran Cave 4.XXIV: Sapiential Texts, Part 2, 4QInstruction (Musar Le Mevin): 4Q415ff. DJD 34. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1999.
Strugnell, John, Magen Broshi, Esther Eshel, Joseph Fitzmyer, Erik Larson, Carol Newsom, Lawrence Schiffman, Mark Smith, Michael Stone, and James Vanderkam. Qumran Cave 4: XIV: Parabiblical Texts, Part 2. DJD 19. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1996.
Suetonius Tranquillus, Gaius. Lives of the Caesars: Claudius. Nero. Galba, Otho, and Vitellius. Vespasian. Titus, Domitian. Lives of Illustrious Men: Grammarians and Rhetoricians. Poets (Terence. Virgil. Horace. Tibullus. Persius. Lucan). Lives of Pliny the Elder and Passienus Crispus. Translated by J. C. Rolfe. Vol. 2. 2 vols. LCL 38. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1914.
———. Lives of the Caesars: Julius. Augustus. Tiberius. Gaius. Caligula. Translated by J. C. Rolfe. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 31. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1914.
———. The Twelve Caesars. Edited by Michael Grant. Translated by Robert Graves. Rev. Penguin Classics. Harmondsworth, U.K.: Penguin, 1987.
Sukenik, Eleazar Lipa. The Dead Sea Scrolls of the Hebrew University. Jerusalem: Hebrew University Press Magnes, 1955.
Sussman, Lewis A. The Declamations of Calpurnius Flaccus: Text, Translation, and Commentary. Leiden: Brill, 1994.
Tacitus, Cornelius. Annals: Books 1–3. Translated by Clifford H. Moore. Vol. 3. 5 vols. LCL 249. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1931.
———. Annals: Books 4–6, 11–12. Translated by John Jackson. Vol. 4. 5 vols. LCL 312. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1937.
———. Annals: Books 13–16. Translated by John Jackson. Vol. 5. 5 vols. LCL 322. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1937.
———. Histories: Books 1–3. Translated by Clifford H. Moore. Vol. 2. 5 vols. LCL 111. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1925.
———. Histories: Books 4–5. Annals: Books 1–3. Translated by Clifford H. Moore and John E. Jackson. Vol. 3. 5 vols. LCL 249. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1931.
Talmon, Shemaryahu, and Yigael Yadin, eds. Masada VI:The Yigael Yadin Excavations 1963–1965: Hebrew Fragments from Masada. The Masada Reports 6. Jerusalem, Israel : Israel Exploration Society and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1999.
Tatius, Achilles. Leucippe and Clitophon. Translated by S. Gaselee. LCL 45. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969.
Tekin, Oguz, Aliye Erol Ozdizbay, and Konuk Koray. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum: Turkey 1, The Muharrem Kayhan Collection Part 2. 2 vols. Istanbul: Ege Yayinlari, 2015.
Theophrastus, Herodas, and Sophron. Characters. Herodas: Mimes. Sophron and Other Mime Fragments. Edited and translated by Jeffrey Ruston and I. C. Cunnigham. LCL 225. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003.
Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War: Books 3–4. Translated by C. F. Smith. Vol. 2. 2 vols. LCL 109. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1920.
Trever, John C. Scrolls from Qumran Cave I: The Great Isaiah Scroll the Order of the Community, the Pesher to Habakkuk. Sheffield, U.K.: Sheffield Academic, 1974.
Tyrtaeus, Salon, and Theognis. Greek Elegiac Poetry From the Seventh to the Fifth Centuries BC. Edited and translated by Douglas E. Gerber. LCL 258. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Ulmer, Rivka, ed. A Synoptic Edition of Pesiqta Rabbati Based upon All Extant. Manuscripts and the Editio Princeps. 3 vols. South Florida Studies in the History of Judaism 155. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 2002.
———. ed. Pesiqta Rabbati: A Synoptic Edition of Pesiqta Rabbati Based Upon All Extant Manuscripts and the Editio Princeps. 3 vols. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 2002.
Ulpian. The Digest of Justinian. Edited and translated by Alan Watson. Philadelphia, Pa.: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998.
Ulrich, Eugene, Frank Moore Cross, and Sidnie White Crawford, eds. Qumran Cave 4: IX. Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Kings. DJD 14. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1999.
Varro, Marcus Terentius, and M. Porcius Cato. On Agriculture. Translated by W. D. Hooper and Harrison Boyd Ash. LCL 283. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1934.
Varro, Marcus Terentius. On the Latin Language: Books 5–7. Translated by Roland G. Kent. Vol. 1. 3 vols. LCL 233. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1938
Victorinus, Apringius of Beja, Caesarius of Arles, and The Venerable Bede. Latin Commentaries on Revelation: Victorinus of Petovium, Apringius of Beja, Caesarius of Arles and Bede the Venerable. Edited and translated by William C. Weinrich. ACT. Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP Academic, 2012.
Virgil. Aeneid: Books 7–12. Appendix Vergiliana. Edited by G. P. Goold. Translated by H. Rushton Fairclough. Vol. 2. 2 vols. LCL 64. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2011.
———. Eclogues. Georgics. Aeneid: Books 1–6. Edited by G. P. Goold. Translated by H. Rushton Fairclough. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 63. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Vitruvius. On Architecture: Books 1–5. Translated by Frank Granger. Vol. 1. 2 vols. LCL 251. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1931.
———. On Architecture: Books 6–10. Translated by Ernest Granger. Vol. 2. 2 vols. LCL 280. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1934.
Von Aulock, Sammlung Hans. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum: Collection of Greek Coins  from Asia Minor. Edited by Gerhard Kleiner. 4 vols. Seattle, Wash.: Sunrise, 1987.
Waltzing, Jean Pierre. L’épigraphie Latine et Les Corporations Professionnelles de L’empire Romain. Gand: Siffer, 1892.
Wankel, Hermann, ed. Die Inschriften von Ephesos. 8 vols. IGSK 11.1–17.4. Bonn: Habelt, 1979.
Weidmann, Frederick W. Polycarp and John: The Harris Fragments and Their Challenge to the Literary Traditions. Christianity and Judaism in Antiquity 12. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 2010.
Wessner, Paul, ed. Scholia in Juvenalem Uetustiora. Leipzig: Teubner, 1931.
West, Martin L., ed. Greek Epic Fragments From the Seventh to the Fifth Centuries BC. Translated by Martin L. West. LCL 497. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003.
Wiegend, Theodor, Georg Kawerau, Albert Rehm, and Peter Herrmann. Milet: Ergebnisse Der Ausgrabungen Und Untersuchungen Seit Dem Jahre 1899. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1889.
Xenophon of Ephesus, and Longus. Daphnis and Chloe. Anthia and Habrocomes. Edited and translated by Jeffrey Henderson. LCL 69. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Xenophon of Ephesus. “An Ephesian Tale.” In Collected Ancient Greek Novels, edited by Bryan P. Reardon, translated by Graham Anderson, 2nd ed., 125–69. Oakland, Calf.: University of California Press, 2008.
———. Anabasis. Edited by Jeffrey Henderson. Translated by Carleton L. Brownson and John Dillery. Vol. 3. 7 vols. LCL 90. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998.
———. Cyropaedia: Volume 2: Books 5–8. Translated by Walter Miller. Vol. 6. 7 vols. LCL 52. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1914.
———. Hellenica: Books 1–4. Translated by Carleton L. Brownson. Vol. 1. 7 vols. LCL 88. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1918.
———. Memorabilia. Oeconomicus. Symposium. Apology. Edited by Jeffrey Henderson. Translated by E. C. Marchant and O. J. Todd. Vol. 4. 7 vols. LCL 168. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2013.
Yadin, Yigael. The Temple Scroll: The Hidden Law of the Dead Sea Sect. New York, N.Y.: Random House, 1985.

Secondary Sources

Abt, A. Die Apologie Des Apuleius von Madaura Und Die Antike Zauberei. Giessen: Töpelmann, 1908.
Adams, Edward. “The ‘Coming of God’ Tradition and Its Influence on New Testament Parousia Texts.” In Biblical Traditions in Transmission: Essays in Honour of Michael A. Knibb, edited by Michael Anthony Knibb, Charlotte Hempel, and Judith Lieu, 1–19. JSJSup 3. Brill, 2006.
Akşit, İlhan. Pamukkale Hierapolis. Istanbul: Akşit, 2003.
Aktüre, Zynep. “Reading into the Mysteries of Artemis Ephesia.” In Curating Architecture and the City, edited by Sarah Chaplin and Alexandra Stara, 145–63. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2009.
Akurgal, Ekrem. Ancient Civilizations and Ruins of Turkey from Prehistoric Times until the End of the Roman Empire. Translated by John Whybrow and Mollie Emre. 2nd ed. Istanbul: Mobil Oil Turk A. S., 1985.
———. “Smyrna.” Edited by Richard Stillwell, William L. MacDonald, and Marian Holland. PECS. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1976.
Alberti, Maria Emanuela. “Murex Shells as Raw Material: The Purple-Dye Industry and Its By-Products. Interpreting the Archaeological Record.” Kaskal 5 (2008): 73–90.
Albright, William F. From the Stone Age to Christianity: Monotheism and the Historical Process. La Vergne, Tenn.: Lightning Source, 2008.
———. “The Seal of Eliakim and the Latest Preëxilic History of Judah, with Some Observations on Ezekiel.” JBL 51, no. 2 (1932): 77–106.
Alford, Henry. Hebrews-Revelation. Edited by Everett F. Harrison. Vol. 4. GTCEC. Chicago, Ill.: Moody, 1968.
———. The Greek Testament: With a Critically Revised Text; a Digest of Various Readings; Marginal References to Verbal and Idiomatic Usage; Prolegomena; and a Critical and Exegetical Commentary. 8 vols. London, U.K.: Deighton, Bell, & Co., 1863.
Allison, Gregg R. Sojourners and Strangers: The Doctrine of the Church. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway, 2012.
Altman, Amnon. “Rethinking the Hittite System of Subordinate Countries from the Legal Point of View.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 123, no. 4 (2003): 741–56.
———. The Historical Prologue of the Hittite Vassal Treaties an Inquiry into the Concepts of Hittite Interstate Law. Bar-Ilan Studies in Near Eastern Languages and Culture. Ramat-Gan: Bar-Ilan University Press, 2004.
———. “Who Took an Oath on a Vassal Treaty: Only the Vassal King or Also the Suzerain?—the Hittite Evidence.” Zeitschrift Für Altorientalische Und Biblische Rechtgeschichte 9 (2003): 178–84.
Alzinger, Wilhelm, and Dieter Knibbe. Ephesos Vom Beginn Der Römischen Herrschaft in Kleinasien Bis Zum Ende derPrincipatzeit. Edited by Hildegard Temporini. ANRW, II 7.2. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1980.
Anabolu, Mükerrem Usman. “Two Altars Dedicated to Demeter: The Goddess of Fertility.” In Archaeology and Fertility Cult in the Ancient Mediterranean: Papers Presented at the First International Conference on Archaeology of the Ancient Mediterranean, University of Malta, 2-5 September 1985, edited by Anthony Bonanno, 267–72. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1986.
Anderson, C. P. “Hebrews among the Letters of Paul.” SR 5, no. 3 (December 1, 1975): 258–66.
———. “Who Wrote ‘The Epistle from Laodicea’?” JBL 85 (1966): 436–40.
Anderson, J. G. C. “A Summer in Phrygia: I.” JHS 17 (1897): 396–424.
Anderson, J. K. “The Battle of Sardis in 395 B.C.” CSCA 7 (1974): 27–53.
Anderson, Sonia P. An English Consul in Turkey: Paul Rycaut at Smyrna 1667-1678. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon Press, 1989.
Anderson, W. C. F. “Toga.” In DGRA, edited by William Smith, 2:2:845-50. London, U.K.: Murray, 1891.
Andreae, Bernard. “Datierung Und Bedeutung Des Telephosfrieses Im Zusammenhang Mit Den Übrigen Stiftungen Der Ataliden von Pergamon.” In Der Pergamonaltar. Die Neue Präsentation Nach Restaurierung Des Telephosfrieses, edited by Wolf-Dieter Heilmeyer, 60–78. Tübingen: Wasmuth, 1997.
Anokhin, V. A. Monetnoe Delo Bospora. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1986.
Applebaum, Shimon. “The Legal Status of the Jewish Communities of the Diaspora.” In The Jewish People in the First Century, edited by Shemuel Safrai and Y. Aschkenasy, 2:420–63. CRINT. Assen: Van Gorcum, 1987.
Arnaoutoglou, Ilias. “Hierapolis and Its Professional Associations: A Comparative Analysis.” In Urban Craftsmen and Traders in the Roman World, edited by Andrew Wilson and Miko Flohr, 278–98. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2016.
Arnold, Clinton E. Ephesians: Power and Magic: The Concept of Power in Ephesians in Light of Its Historical Setting. SNTS 63. Cambridge, Mass.: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
———. Ephesians: Power and Magic: The Concept of Power in Ephesians in Light of Its Historical Setting. SNTS 63. Cambridge, Mass.: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Arterbury, Andrew. Entertaining Angels: Early Christian Hospitality in Its Mediterranean Setting. New Testament Monographs 8. Sheffield, U.K.: Sheffield Phoenix, 2005.
Arundell, Francis Vyvian J. A Visit to the Seven Churches of Asia with an Excursion into Pisidia. London, U.K.: Rodwell, 1828.
———. Discoveries in Asia Minor: Including a Description of the Ruins of Several Ancient Cities, and Especially Antioch of Pisidia. 2 vols. London, U.K.: Bentley & Son, 1834.
Ascough, Richard S., Philip A. Harland, and John S. Kloppenborg, eds. Associations in the Greco-Roman World: A Sourcebook. Waco, Tex.: Baylor University Press, 2012.
Assman, Jan. “When Justice Fails: Jurisdiction and Imprecation in Ancient Egypt and the Near East.” JEA 78 (1992): 149–62.
Astour, Michael C. “The Origin of the Terms Canaan, Phoenician and Purple.” JNES 24 (1965): 346–50.
Atac, A., N. Aray, and R. V. Yildirim. “Asclepions in Turkey.” Balkan Military Medical Review 9, no. 2 (2006): 82–84.
Atalay, Erol. “Die Kurudaǧ-Höhle [Bei Ephesos] Mit Archäologischen Funden. JÖAI 52 (1980 1978): 33–44.
Attridge, Harold W. Hebrews: A Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews. Hermeneia. Philadelphia, Pa.: Fortress, 1989.
Aulock, Hans von, and Gerhard Kleiner. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Vol. 1: Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Mysia, Troas, Aiolis, Lesbos, Ionia. Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1957.
Aune, David E. “Amulets.” In OEANE, edited by Eric M. Meyers, 1:113–15. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1997.
———. “Magic in Early Christianity.” In ANRW, edited by Hildegard Temporini and Wolfgang Haase, 1507–57. Part 2, Principat, 23.1. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1980.
———. Prophecy in Early Christianity and the Ancient Mediterranean World. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2002.
———. Revelation 1-5. WBC 52A. Dallas, Tex.: Word Books, 1997.
———. Revelation 6-16. WBC 52B. Dallas, Tex.: Word Books, 1998.
———. Revelation 17-22. WBC 52C. Dallas, Tex.: Word Books, 1998.
———. “The Apocalypse of John and the Problem of Genre.” In Early Christian Apocalypticism: Genre and Social Setting, 65–69. Semeia 36. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1986.
———. “The Form and Function of the Proclamations to the Seven Churches.” NTS 36 (1990): 182–204.
———. The New Testament in Its Literary Environment. LEC 8. Cambridge, U.K.: Clarke & Co., 1988.
———. “The Polyvalent Imagery of Rev 3:20 in the Light of Greco-Egyptian Divination Texts.” In Greco-Roman Culture and the New Testament: Studies Commemorating the Centennial of the Pontifical Biblical Institute, edited by David E. Aune and Frederick E. Brenk, 167–84. NovTSup 143. Leiden: Brill, 2012.
Aune, David E. “The Prophetic Circle of John of Patmos and the Exegesis of Revelation 22:16.” JSNT 37 (1989): 103–16.
Aune, David E. “The Social Matrix of the Apocalypse of John.” Biblical Research 26 (1981): 16–32.
Avigad, Nahman, and Benjamin Sass. Corpus of West Semitic Stamp Seals. 2nd ed. Jerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences & Humanities, 1997.
Avi-Yonah, Michael, ed. Views of the Biblical World: The New Testament. Vol. 5. Jerusalem: International, 1961.
Báez-Camargo, Gonzalo. Archaeological Commentary on the Bible: From Genesis to Revelation. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1984.
Bagnall, Roger S. “Christianity.” In Graffiti from the Basilica in the Agora of Smyrna, edited by Roger S. Bagnall, Roberta Casagrande-Kim, Akin Ersoy, and Cumhur Tanriver, 45–46. Institute for the Study of the Ancient World. New York, N.Y.: New York University Press, 2016.
———. “Isopsephisms of Desire.” In Graffiti from the Basilica in the Agora of Smyrna, edited by Roger S. Bagnall, Roberta Casagrande-Kim, Akin Ersoy, and Cumhur Tanriver, 48–51. Institute for the Study of the Ancient World. New York, N.Y.: New York University Press, 2016.
Bailey, Colin. “The Gerousia of Ephesus.” Ph.D. diss., The University of British Columbia, 2006.
Balty, Jean Ch. Curia ordinis: Recherches d’architecture et d’urbanisme antiques sur les curies provinciales du monde romain. Bruxelles: Academie royale de Belgique, 1991.
Baltzer, Klaus. The Covenant Formulary in Old Testament, Jewish, and Early Christian Writings. Translated by David E. Green. Oxford, U.K.: Basil Blackwell, 1971.
Balz, Horst, and Gerhard Schneider, eds. Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament. 3 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1990.
Bandstra, Andrew J. “A Kingship and Priests: Inaugurated Eschatology in the Apocalypse.” CTJ 27, no. 1 (1992): 1–25.
Banducci, Laura M. “A Tessera Lusoria from Gabii and the Afterlife of Roman Gaming.” Herom 4, no. 2 (2015): 199–221.
Bandy, Alan S. “Patterns of Prophetic Lawsuits in the Oracles to the Seven Churches.” Neot 45, no. 2 (2011): 178–205.
———. The Prophetic Lawsuit in the Book of Revelation. NT Monograph 29. Sheffield, U.K.: Sheffield Phoenix, 2010.
———. “Word and Witness: An Analysis of the Lawsuit Motif in Revelation Based on the Witness Terminology.” In Unpublished Paper Presented at the Evangelical Theological Society. Valley Forge, Penn. November 17, 2005.
Banks, E. J. “Ephesus.” Edited by James Orr and Melvin Grove Kyle. ISBE. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Hendrickson, 1915.
———. “Smyrna.” Edited by Geoffrey W. Bromiley. ISBE. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1995.
———. “Thyatira.” Edited by James Orr and Melvin Grove Kyle. ISBE. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Hendrickson, 1915.
Barash, Alexander, and Z. Zenziper. Mediterranean Molluscs of Israel (Hebrew). Tel-Aviv: Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel, 1991.
Barber, E. J. W. Prehistoric Textiles: The Development of Cloth in the Neolithic and Bronze Ages with Special Reference to the Aegean. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1991.
Barclay, John M. G. Jews in the Mediterranean Diaspora: From Alexander to Trajan (323 BCE-117 CE). Berkeley, Calf.: University of California Press, 1999.
Barclay, William. Letters to the Seven Churches. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox, 2001.
———. The Letters to the Philippians, Colossians, and Thessalonians. NDSB. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/Knox, 2003.
———. The Letters to Timothy, Titus, and Philemon. NDSB. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/Knox, 2003.
———. The Revelation of John: Chapters 1 to 5. Vol. 1. NDSB. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/Knox, 2004.
Baring-Gould, Sabine. The Lives of the Saints. Vol. 4. 12 vols. London, U.K.: John Hodges, 1873.
Barnard, Leslie W. “In Defense of Pseudo-Pionius’ Account of Polycarp’s Martyrdom.” In Kyriakon Festschrift Johannes Quasten, edited by Josef A. Jungman and Patrick Granfield, 1:192–204. Münster: Aschendorff, 1970.
Barnes, Timothy David. Tertullian: A Historical and Literary Study. 1985 edition. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Barr, David L. “The Apocalypse of John as Oral Enactment.” Interpretation 40, no. 3 (1986): 243–56.
Barré, Michael L. “The Portrait of Balaam in Numbers 22-24.” Int. 51, no. 3 (1997): 254–66.
Barrett, C. K. “Paul’s Address to the Ephesian Elders.” In God’s Christ and His Peopl E, Studies in Honour of Nils Alstrup Dahl, edited by J. Jervell and W. A. Meeks, 107–21. Oslo: Univer sitetsforlaget, 1977.
———. “Things Sacrificed to Idols.” NTS 11, no. 02 (1965): 138–53.
Barrett, Charles Kingsley. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Acts of the Apostles: Introduction and Commentary on Acts XV-XXVIII. Vol. 2. 2 vols. Edinburgh, U.K.: T&T Clark, 1998.
———. “What Minorities?” In Mighty Minorities?: Minorities in Early Christianity, Positions and Strategies: Essays in Honour of Jacob Jervell on His 70th Birthday, 21 May 1995, edited by David Hellholm, Jacob Jervell, Turid Karlsen Seim, and Halvor Moxnes, 1–10. Oslo: Scandinavian University Press North America, 1995.
Barton, George Aaron. Archaeology and the Bible. Alexandria , Egypt: Library of Alexandria, 1933.
Bartosiewicz, B. “‘There’s Something Rotten in the State . . .’: Bad Smells in Antiquity.” European Journal of Archaeology 6 (2003): 175–95.
Bauckham, Richard J. “Apocalyptic.” Edited by Sinclair B. Ferguson, David F. Wright, and James I. Packer. NDT. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1988.
———. “Synoptic Parousia Parables Again.” NTS 29, no. 1 (1983): 129–34.
———. “Synoptic Parousia Parables and the Apocalypse.” NTS 23, no. 2 (1977): 162–76.
———. The Climax of Prophecy: Studies on the Book of Revelation. New Ed. Edinburgh, U.K.: T&T Clark, 1999.
———. “The Son of Man: ‘A Man in My Position’ or ‘Someone.’” JSNT 23 (1985): 23–33.
———. “The Sonship of the Historical Jesus in Christology.” SJT 31, no. 3 (1978): 245–60.
———. The Theology of the Book of Revelation. New Testament Theology. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Bauer, David R. “Son of God.” Edited by Joel B. Green, Scot McKnight, and I. Howard Marshall. DJG. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1992.
Baugh, Steven M. “Cult Prostitution in New Testament Ephesus: A Reappraisal.” JETS 42, no. 3 (1999): 443–60.
———. “Paul and Ephesus: The Apostle among His Contemporaries.” Ph.D. diss., University of California-Irvine, 1990.
Baugh, Steven M., Peter H. Davids, David E. Garland, David W. J. Gill, George H. Guthrie, Moyer V. Hubbard, Andreas J. Köstenberger, et al. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary Set. Edited by Clinton E. Arnold. 4 vols. Santa Rosa, CA: Zondervan, 2002.
Beagley, Alan James. The “Sitz Im Leben” of the Apocalypse With Particular Reference to the Role of the Church’s Enemies. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1987.
Beale, Gregory K. John’s Use of the Old Testament in Revelation. LNTS. New York, N.Y.: Bloomsbury, 2014.
———. “Revelation (Book).” In NDBT, edited by T. Desmond Alexander, Graeme Goldsworthy, D. A. Carson, and Brian S. Rosner, 356–63. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 2000.
———. “Review of Colin J. Hemer, The Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia in Their Local Setting.” Trinity Journal 7, no. 2 (1986): 110.
———. The Book of Revelation: A Commentary on the Greek Text. NIGTC 12. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1998.
———. “The Hearing Formula and the Visions of John in Revelation.” In Vision for the Church, edited by Markus N. A. Bockmuehl and Michael B. Thompson, 167–80. Studies in Early Christian Ecclesiology. Edinburgh, U.K.: T&T Clark, 1997.
———. “The Old Testament Background of Rev 3.14.” NTS 42, no. 1 (1996): 133–52.
Bean, George E. Aegean Turkey: An Archaeological Guide. New York, N.Y.: Praeger, 1966.
———. Turkey Beyond the Maeander. 2nd ed. London, U.K.: Murray, 1989.
Beard, Mary. The Roman Triumph. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Beasley, Henry. The Druggist’s General Receipt Book, Etc. London, U.K.: Churchill, 1850.
Beasley-Murray, George R. “Revelation.” In NBC, edited by D. A. Carson, R. T. France, and J. A. Motyer, 4th ed., 1421–55. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1992.
———. Revelation: Three Viewpoints. Nashville: Baptist Sunday School Board, 1981.
———. The Book of Revelation. NCB 23. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1992.
———. “The Eschatology of the Fourth Gospel.” EvQ 18 (1946): 97–108.
———. “The Relation of the Fourth Gospel to the Apocalypse.” EvQ 18 (1946): 173–86.
Becker, Cornelia. “Did the People in Ayios Mamas Produce Purple Dye during the Middle Bronze Age? Considerations on the Prehistoric Production of Purple-Dye in the Mediterranean.” In Animals and Man in the Past: Essays in Honour of Dr. A.T. Clason Emeritus Professor of Archaeozoology, edited by Hijlke Buitenhuis and Wietschke Prummel, 122–134. Groningen: Rijksuniversiteit, 2001.
———. “Nourriture, Cuilléres, Ornament. Les Témoignages D’une Exploitation Variée Des Mollusques Marins À Ayios Mamas (Chalcidique, Grèce).” Anthropozoologica 24 (1996): 3–17.
Beckman, Gary M. Hittite Diplomatic Texts. Edited by Harry A Hoffner. 2nd ed. SBLWAW 7. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1999.
Beckman, Gary M. “Hittite Treaties and the Development of Cuneiform Treaty Tradition.” In Beihefte Zur Zeitschrift Für Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft Die Deuteronomistischen Geschichtswerke: Redaktions– Und Religionsgeschichtliche Perspektiven Zur “Deuteronomismus”–Diskussion in Tora Und Vorderen Propheten, edited by Marku Witte, Konrad Schmid, Doris Prechel, and Jan Christian Gertz, 279–301. BZAW 365. Berlin: de Gruyter, 2006.
Beckwith, Isbon T. The Apocalypse of John. New York, N.Y.: MacMillan, 1919.
Bederman, David J. International Law in Antiquity. Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Beek, Gus W. van. “Frankincense and Myrrh in Ancient South Arabia.” JAOS 78, no. 3 (1958): 141–52.
———. “Frankincense and Myrrh in Ancient South Arabia.” BA 23 (1960): 70–95.
Behr, Charles A. Aelius Aristides and the Sacred Tales. Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1968.
Bekkum, Wouter Jacques van. “The Qedushta’ot of Yehudah according to Genizah Manuscripts.” Ph.D. diss., University of Groningen, 1988.
Beldiceanu-Steinherr, Irène. “Notes pour l’histoire d’Alaşehir (Philadelphie) au XIVe siècle.” In Philadelphie et autres études, edited by Hélèna Ahrweiler. Byzantina Sorbonensia 4. Paris, France: Publications de la Sorbonne, 1984.
Bell, Jr., Albert A. “The Date of John’s Apocalypse: The Evidence of Some Roman Historians Reconsidered.” NTS 10, no. 1 (1978): 93–102.
Bellamare, Pierre M. “Meteorite Sparks a Cult.” JRASC 90 (1996): 287–91.
Beloch, Julius. Die bevölkerung der griechisch-römischen welt. Historische Beiträge Zur Bevölkerungslehre 1. Duncker & Humblot, 1886.
Beltrán de Heredia Bercero, Julia. “Los Restos Arqueológicos de Una Fullonica Y de Una Tinctoria En La Colonia Romana de Barcino (Barcelona).” Complutum 11 (2000): 253–59.
Benda-Weber, Isabella. “Textile Production Centres, Products and Merchants in the Roman Province of Asia.” In Making Textiles in Pre-Roman and Roman Times: People, Places, Identities, edited by Margarita Gleba and Judit Pásztókai-Szeöke, 171–91. Ancient Textile Series 13. Oxford, U.K.: Oxbow Books, 2013.
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. New Testament Word Studies. Translated by John H Vincent and Charlton T. Lewis. 2 vols. Kregel Reprint Library. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Kregel, 1971.
Bengtson, Hermann, and Hatto H. Schmitt, eds. Die Staatsverträge Des Altertums. Vol. 3. Die Verträge Des Griechisch-Römischen Welt von 338 Bis 200 v. Chr. Munich: Beck, 1969.
Berding, Kenneth. “Historical Connections to John but Literary Connections to Paul: Can We Resolve a Dilemma in Our Understanding of Polycarp of Smyrna?” In Paper Presented at the First International Symposium on Ancient Smyrna. Izmir, Turkey, 2003.
———. Polycarp  and Paul: An Analysis of Their Literary and Theological Relationship in Light of Polycarp’s Use of Biblical and Extra-Biblical Literature. Leiden: Brill, 2002.
Berg, William. “Hecate: Greek or ‘Anatolian’?” Numen 21, no. 2 (1974): 128–40.
Berger, Adolf. Encyclopedic Dictionary of Roman Law. TAPS 43. Philadelphia, Pa.: American Philological Society, 1953.
Berger, Klaus. “Apostelbrief Und Apostolische Rede: Zum Formular Frühchristlicher Briefe.” Zeitschrift Für Die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft Und Die Kunde Der Älteren Kirche 65 (1974): 212–19.
———. Die Amen-Worte Jesus: Eine Untersuchung zum Problem der Legitimation in apokalyptischer Rede. ZNW 39. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1970.
Berger, Paul R. “Kollyrium Für Die Blinden Augen, Apk 3:18.” NovT 27, no. 2 (April 1985): 174–95.
Berenbaum, Michael, and Fred Skolnik, eds. Encyclopedia Judaica. 2nd ed. 22 vols. New York, N.Y.: MacMillan, 2006.
Berman, Joshua A. “Histories Twice Told: Deuteronomy 1-3 and the Hittite Treaty Prologue Tradition.” JBL 132, no. 2 (2013): 229–50.
Bernabé, Alberto. “The Ephesia Grammata: Genesis of a Magical Formula.” In The Getty Hexameters: Poetry, Magic, and Mystery in Ancient Selinous, edited by Christopher A. Faraone and Dirk Obbink, 71–96. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Bernardi Ferrero, Daria de. Bati Anadolu’nun Eskiçağ Tiyatrolari. Translated by Erendiz Özbayoğlu. Ankara, Turkey: İtalyan Kültür Heyeti Ark. Ar. Böl., 1990.
———. “Excavations and Restorations in Hierapolis During 1995.” KST 18 (1996): 85–100.
———. Teatri classici in Asia Minore III: Città dalla Troade alla Pamfilia. Studi Di Architettura Antica 4. Rome : Di Bretschneider, 1974.
Berrett, Lamar C. Discovering the World of the Bible. Provo, Utah: Grandin, 1996.
Betz, Hans Dieter, ed. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation, Including the Demotic Spells. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Beyer, Bryan E. Obadiah, Jonah. Edited by Bryan E. Beyer and John H. Walton. BSCS. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1988.
Beyer, H. W. “Diakonew, Diakonia, Diakonos.” In TDNT, edited by Gerhard Kittel and Gerhard Friedrich, translated by Geoffrey W. Bromiley, Abridged., 2:81. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1985.
Bickerman, Elias. “Couper Une Alliance.” Archives D’histoire Du Droit Oriental 5 (1951 1950): 133–56.
Bieber, Margarete. The History of the Greek and Roman Theater. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1961.
Bierstadt, Edward Hale. The Great Betrayal: A Survey of the Near East Problem. Pontian Greek Society of Chicago, 2008.
Bietenhard, H. “Όνομα.” Edited by Gerhard Kittel and Gerhard Friedrich. Translated by Geoffrey W. Bromiley. TDNT. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1985.
Billerbeck, Paul, and Hermann L. Strack. Kommentar Zum Neuen Testament Aus Talmud Und Midrasch. 6 vols. Munich: C. H. Beck, 1922.
Billows, Richard. “Cities.” In A Companion to the Hellenistic World, edited by Andrew Erskine, 196–216. Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World. Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell, 2003.
Birge, Darice E. “Sacred Groves in the Ancient Greek World.” Ph.D. diss., University of California-Berkely, 1982.
Birley, Anthony R. Hadrian: The Restless Emperor. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2013.
Blaiklock, Edward M. Cities of the New Testament. New York, N.Y.: Revell, 1965.
———. “Nicolaus, Nicolaitans.” In NBD, edited by I. Howard Marshall, Alan R. Millard, James I. Packer, and D. J. Wiseman, 3rd ed., 823. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1996.
———. The Archaeology of the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1970.
———. The Seven Churches: An Exposition of Revelation Chapters Two and Three. London, U.K.: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, 1951.
———. “Thyatira .” Edited by Merrill C. Tenney and Moises Silva. ZEB. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2009.
Blakesley, Joseph William. “Thyatira.” In SDB, edited by William Smith and H. B. Hackett, 4:3241–42. Boston, Mass.: Houghton, Mifflin & Company, 1883.
Blass, F., and A. DeBrunner. A Greek Grammar of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Translated by Robert W. Funk. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1961.
Bleek, Friedrich. Vorlesungen über die Apokalypse. Berlin: Georg Reimer, 2011.
Blevins, James L. “The Genre of Revelation.” RevExp 77, no. 3 (1980): 393–408.
Blue, Bradley B. “Acts and the House Church.” In Graeco-Roman Setting, edited by David W. J. Gill and Conrad H. Gempf, 119–222. BAFCS 2. Eugene, Or.: Wipf & Stock, 2000.
Blumell, Lincoln H. Lettered Christians: Christians, Letters, and Late Antique Oxyrhynchus. NTTS 39. Leiden: Brill Academic, 2012.
Boatwright, Mary T. “Theaters in the Roman Empire.” BA 53, no. 4 (1990): 184–92.
Boatwright, Mary Taliaferro. Hadrian and the Cities of the Roman Empire. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2002.
Bodenheimer, Friedrich Simon. “The Manna of Sinai.” BA 10, no. 1 (1947): 2–6.
Bøe, Sverre. Gog and Magog: Ezekiel 38-39 as Pre-Text for Revelation 19,17-21 and 20,7-10. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2001.
Böeckh, August, Johannes Franz, Ernst Curtius, and Adolf Kirchhoff. Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum. 4 vols. Berolini, Italy: Officina academica, 1877.
Bonner, Campbell. Studies in Magical Amulets: Chiefly Graeco-Egyptian. London, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1950.
Bonomi, Joseph. Nineveh  and Its Palaces: The Discoveries of Botta and Layard, Applied to the Elucidation of Holy Writ. London, U.K.: Bohn, 1857.
Bonz, Marianne Palmer. “Differing Approaches to Religious Benefaction: The Late Third-Cent. Acquisition of the Sardis Synagogue.” HTR 86 (1993): 139–54.
———. “The Jewish Community of Ancient Sardis.” HSCP 93 (1990): 343–59.
Borchert, G. L. “Laodicea.” In ISBE, edited by Geoffrey W. Bromiley, Revised., 72–74. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1995.
Borgen, Peder. Paul Preaches Circumcision and Pleases Men. Trondheim: TAPIR, 1983.
———. Philo, John and Paul: New Perspectives on Judaism and Early Christianity. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1987.
———. “Polemic in the Book of Revelation.” In Anti-Semitism and Early Christianity: Issues of Polemic and Faith, edited by Craig A. Evans and Donald A. Hagner, 199–211. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 1993.
Boring, Eugene M. Revelation. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/Knox, 1989.
———. “The Theology of Revelation: The Lord Our God the Almighty Reigns.” Int. 40, no. 3 (1986): 257–69.
Boring, M. Eugene. The Continuing Voice of Jesus: Christian Prophecy and the Gospel Tradition. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox, 1991.
Bosch, Clemens. Die Kleinasiatischen Münzen Der Römischen Kaiserzeit. 2.1 vols. Stuttgart, Germany: Kohlhammer, 1935.
Botha, P. J. J. “God, Emperor Worship and Society: Contemporary Experiences and the Book of Revelation.” Neot 22, no. 1 (1988): 87–102.
Botterweck, G. Johannes, Helmer Ringgren, and Heinz-Josef Fabry, eds. Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament. Translated by Douglas W. Stott. 15 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2003.
Bousset, Wilhelm. Die Offenbarung Johannis. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1906.
Bowman, John Wick. The First Christian Drama: The Book of Revelation. Philadelphia, Pa.: Westminster, 1968.
Boxall, Ian. “‘For Paul’ or ‘For Cephas.’” In Understanding, Studying and Reading: New Testament Essays in Honour of John Ashton, edited by Christopher Rowland and Crispin H. Fletcher-Louis, 198–218. New York, N.Y.: A&C Black, 1998.
———. The Revelation of Saint John. BNTC 19. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2006.
Boyce, Mary. “Anāhīd.” In Encyclopædia Iranica, edited by Ehsan Yarshater, 1:1003–1009. London, U.K.: Eisenbrauns, 1991.
Boyce, Mary, and Frantz Grenet. A History of Zoroastrianism: Vol. 1 Zoroastrianism under Macedonian and Roman Rule. HO: Der Nahe Und Der Mittlere Osten 8. Leiden: Brill, 1991.
Boyle, Marjorie O’Rourke. “The Covenant Lawsuit in the Prophet Amos: III 1-IV 13.” VT 21, no. 3 (1971): 338–62.
Bradley, M. “‘It All Comes out in the Wash’: Looking Harder at the Roman Fullonica.” JRA 15 (2008): 21–44.
Bremmer, Jan N. “Paradise: From Persia, via Greece, into the Septuagint.” In Paradise Interpreted: Representations of Biblical Paradise in Judaism and Christianity, edited by Gerard P. Luttikhuizen, 1–19. Themes in Biblical Narrative 2. Leiden: Brill, 1999.
Brenk, Frederick E. “Artemis of Ephesos: An Avant Garde Goddess.” Kernos 11 (1998): 157–71.
Brent, Allen. The Imperial Cult and the Development of Church Order: Concepts and Images of Authority in Paganism and Early Christianity Before the Age of Cyprian. Leiden: Brill, 1999.
Briese, Christoph. “Ostrich Eggs.” In BrillPauly, 10:290–91. Leiden: Brill, 2007.
Briggs, Charles A., Samuel R. Driver, and Francis Brown, eds. A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament with an Appendix Containing the Biblical Aramaic. Based on the Lexicon of William Gessenius as Translated by Edward Robinson. Boston, Mass.: Houghton Milfflin, 1907.
Briggs, Robert A. Jewish Temple Imagery in the Book of Revelation. SBL 10. New York, N.Y.: Lang, 1999.
Bright, John. Covenant and Promise: The Prophetic Understanding of the Future in Pre-Exilic Israel. Philadelphia, Pa.: Westminster/Knox, 1976.
Brinks, C. L. “‘Great Is Artemis of the Ephesians’: Acts 19:23-41 in Light of Goddess Worship in Ephesus.” CBQ 71, no. 4 (2009): 776–94.
Broad, William. Alexander or Jesus?: The Origin of the Title “Son of God.” Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2015.
Brodersen, Kai. “Seven Wonders.” In OEAGR, edited by Michael Gagarin, 6:289. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Broek, Roelof Van den. The Myth of the Phoenix: According to Classical and Early Christian Traditions. Translated by I. Seeger. Leiden: Brill, 1972.
Brommer, Frank, Antje Krüg, and Ursula Hockmann, eds. Festschrift für Frank Brommer. Mainz: von Zabern, 1977.
Bromiley, Geoffrey W., ed. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Revised. 4 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1995.
Brooten, Bernadette J. Women Leaders in the Ancient Synagogue: Inscriptional Evidence and Background Issues. Brown Judaic Studies 36. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1982.
Broughton, T. R. S. “Roman Asia Minor.” In An Economic Survey of Ancient Rome: Africa, Syria, Greece, Asia Minor, edited by Tenney Frank, 4:499–916. Baltimore, Md.: John Hopkins University Press, 1975.
Brown, Charles. Heavenly Visions: An Exposition of the Book of Revelation. Boston, Mass.: Pilgram, 1910.
Brown, Colin, ed. New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology. Translated by Colin Brown. 4 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1986.
Brown, John Pairman. Ancient Israel and Ancient Greece Religion, Politics, and Culture. Minneapolis, Minn.: Augsburg Fortress, 2003.
Brown, Schuyler. “The Hour of Trial, Rev 3:10.” JBL 85, no. 3 (1966): 308–14.
Brownlee, William H. “The Priestly Character of the Church in the Apocalypse.” NTS 5, no. 3 (1959): 224–25.
Bruce, F. F. “Colossian Problems, Part 1: Jews and Christians in the Lycus Valley.” BSac 141 (1984): 3–15.
Bruce, F. F. Paul, Apostle of the Heart Set Free. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2000.
Bruce, F. F. The Book of Acts. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1988.
———. The Epistles to the Colossians, to Philemon, and to the Ephesians. 2nd ed. NICNT. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1984.
———. The Revelation of John. Edited by G. C. D. Howley. NTC. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1969.
Bruce, Frederick Fyvie. “Laodicea (Place).” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
———. “The Spirit in the Apocalypse.” In Christ and Spirit in the New Testament: Studies in Honour of Charles Francis Digby Moule, edited by Barnabas Lindars and Stephen S. Smalley, 333–344. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Brütsch, Charles. Die Offenbarung Jesu Christi. 3 vols. ZBK 18. Zürich: Zwingh, 1970.
Buchanan, George Wesley. The Book of Revelation: Its Introduction and Prophecy. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2005.
Buckler, William Hepburn. “CIG 3938, 3952, and 3953 F.” JHS 56, no. 1 (1936): 78–80.
Buckler, William Hepburn, and David M. Robinson. “Greek Inscriptions from Sardes I.” AJA 16, no. 1 (1912): 11–82.
———. Sardis: Greek and Latin Inscriptions. Vol. 1. ASES 7. Leiden: Brill, 1932.
Budden, Charles W., and Edward Hastings. The Local Colour of the Bible. 3 vols. Edinburgh, U.K.: T&T Clark, 1925.
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. Commentary on Revelation. New York, N.Y.: Revell, 1909.
Bultmann, Rudolf. The History of the Synoptic Tradition. Translated by John Marsh. Revised. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Hendrickson, 1994.
Bürchner, Ludwig. “Ephesos.” In Paulys Realencyclopädie Der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft, edited by August Friedrich Pauly, Georg Wissowa, and S. Kroll, 5th ed., 2:2773–2822. Stuttgart, Germany: Metzler, 1905.
Burkert, Walter. Greek Religion. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1985.
Burkill, T. Alec. “The Hidden Son of Man in St. Mark’s Gospel.” ZNW 52, no. 3–4 (1961): 189–213.
Burnett, Andrew, Michel Amandry, and Pere Pau Ripollés Alegre, eds. Roman Provincial Coinage. 9 vols. London, U.K.: British Museum Press, 2003.
Burney, Charles F. “Christ as the APXH of Creation.” JBL 27, no. 1/2 (1926): 160–77.
Burrell, Barbara. Neokoroi: Greek Cities and Roman Emperors. CCS 9. Leiden: Brill, 2004.
Burton, G. P. “Proconsuls, Assizes and the Administration of Justice under the Empire.” JRS 65 (1975): 92–106.
Butler, Howard Crosby. “Fifth Preliminary Report on the American Excavations at Sardes in Asia Minor.” AJA 18, no. 4 (1914): 425–37.
———. “First Preliminary Report on the American Excavations at Sardes in Asia Minor.” AJA 14, no. 4 (1910): 401–13.
———. “Fourth Preliminary Report on the American Excavations at Sardes in Asia Minor.” AJA 17, no. 4 (1913): 471–78.
———. Publications of the American Society for the Excavation of Sardis. II/1. Sardis: Architecture. The Temple of Artemis. Leiden: Brill, 1925.
———. Sardis: Architecture: The Temple of Artemis, Part 1 Text. 2 vols. ASES 1. Leiden: American Society for the Excavation of Sardis, 1922.
———. “Second Preliminary Report on the American Excavations at Sardes in Asia Minor.” AJA 15, no. 4 (1911): 445–58.
———. “Third Preliminary Report on the American Excavations at Sardes in Asia Minor.” AJA 16, no. 4 (1912): 465–79.
Butler, Trent C., Chad Brand, Charles Draper, and Archie England, eds. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary. Nashville, Tenn.: Broadman & Holman, 2003.
Buttrey, T. V., Ann E. M. Johnston, Kenneth M. Mackenzie, and Michael L. Bates. Greek, Roman, and Islamic Coins from Sardis. AESM 7. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1981.
Buttrick, George A., and Keith R. Crim, eds. The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. 5 vols. Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon, 1976.
Buttrick, George A., ed. The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. 4 vols. Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon, 1984.
Cadoux, Cecil J. Ancient Smyrna: A History of the City from the Earliest Times to 224 A.D. Oxford, U.K.: Basil Blackwell, 1938.
Cahill, Nicholas D. “Mapping Sardis.” In Love for Lydia: A Sardis Anniversary Volume Presented to Crawford H. Greenewalt, Jr., edited by Nicholas D. Cahill, 111–24. AESR 4. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2008.
———. “Sardis 2014.” KST 37, no. 3 (2015): 147–64.
Cahill, Nicholas D., and John H. Kroll. “New Archaic Coin Finds from Sardis.” AJA 109 (2005): 589–617.
Cahill, Nicholas, and Crawford H. Greenewalt, Jr. “The Sanctuary of Artemis at Sardis: Preliminary Report, 2002–2012.” AJA 120, no. 3 (2016): 473–509.
Caird, George B. The Language and Imagery of the Bible. London, U.K.: Duckworth, 1980.
———. The Revelation of St. John the Divine. HNTC. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1987.
Caird, George Bradford. Paul’s Letters from Prison: Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, Philemon. New Clarendon Bible Commentary Series 6. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1976.
Çakirlar, Canan, and Ralf Becks. “Murex Dye Production at Troia: Assessment of Archaeomalacological Data from Old and New Excavations.” Studia Troica 18 (2009): 87–103.
Calder, William M. “Philadelphia and Montanism.” BJRL 7, no. 3 (1923): 309–54.
———. “Smyrna as Described by the Orator Aelius Aristides.” In Studies in the History and Art of the Eastern Provinces of the Roman Empire, edited by William Mitchell Ramsay, 95–116. Aberdeen, Scotland: Aberdeen University, 1906.
———. “The New Jerusalem of the Montanists.” Byzantion 6 (1931): 421–25.
Calder, William Moir, and Ronald Syme, eds. “Observations on the Province of Cilicia.” In Anatolian Studies Presented to William Hepburn Buckler, 299–32. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1939.
Caley, Earle Radcliffe. “The Stockholm Papyrus: An English Translation with Brief Notes.” Journal of Chemical Education 4, no. 8 (1927): 979–1002.
Callmer, Christian. “Antike Bibliotheken.” Opuscula Archaeologica 3 (1944): 145–93.
Calpino, Teresa J. “Lydia of Thyatira’s Call.” In Women, Work and Leadership in Acts, 181–226. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2014.
Calvin, John. Commentaries on The Twelve Minor Prophets. 13-15 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1979.
Campbell, Gordon. “Findings, Seals, Trumpets, and Bowls: Variations upon the Theme of Covenant Rupture and Restoration in the Book of Revelation.” WTJ 66 (2004): 71–96.
Campbell, J. L. The Patmos Letters. London, U.K.: Morgan & Scott, 1898.
Cancik, Hubert, and Helmuth Schneider, eds. Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity Volumes Online. Translated by Christine F. Salazar and Francis G. Gentry. 22 vols. Leiden: Brill, 2006.
Carey, Greg. Elusive Apocalypse: Reading Authority in the Revelation to John. StABH. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1999.
Carradice, Ian A. “The ‘Regal’ Coinage of the Persian Empire.” In Coinage and Administration in the Athenian and Persian Empires: The Ninth Oxford Symposium on Coinage and Monetary History, edited by Ian A. Carradice, 73–95. BARI 343. Oxford, U.K.: British Archaeological Reports, 1987.
Carroll, Howard. “Polycarp of Smyrna: With Special Reference to Early Christian Martyrdom.” Ph.D. diss., Duke University, 1946.
Carson, Donald A. The Gospel According to John: An Introduction and Commentary. PNTC. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1991.
Carson, Donald A., and Douglas J. Moo. An Introduction to the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2009.
Carson, Donald A., R. T. France, and J. A. Motyer. New Bible Commentary: 21st Century Edition. 4th ed. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1994.
Cary, M. “Tesserae Gladiatoriae Sive Nummulariae.” JRS 13 (1923): 110–13.
Casson, Lionel. Libraries in the Ancient World. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2002.
Chambers, Roger. “Greek Athletics and the Jews: 165 BC-AD 70.” Ph.D. diss., Miami University, 1980.
Chandler, Richard. Travels in Asia Minor, and Greece: Or An Account of a Tour Made at the Expense of the Society of Dilettanti. 2 vols. London, U.K.: Booker & Priestley, 1817.
Charitonidou, Angeliki. “Epidaurus: The Sanctuary of Asclepius.” In Temples and Sanctuaries of Ancient Greece, edited by Evi Melas, 89–99. London: Thames & Hudson, 1973.
Charles, Robert H. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Revelation of St John. 2 vols. ICC. Edinburgh, U.K.: T&T Clark, 1963.
Charlesworth, M. P. Trade-Routes and Commerce of the Roman Empire. 2nd ed. New York, N.Y.: Cooper Square, 1970.
Chilton, Bruce D. “Shebna, Eliakim, and the Promise to Peter.” In The Social World of Formative Christianity and Judaism: Essays in Tribute to Howard Clarke Kee, edited by Jacob Neusner, Peder Borgen, Ernest S. Frerichs, and Richard A. Horsley, 311–26. Philadelphia, Pa.: Fortress, 1988.
Chilton, David. The Days of Vengeance: An Exposition of the Book of Revelation. Fort Worth: Dominion, 1987.
Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Encyclopædia Britannica. 11th ed. 32 vols. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1911.
Choniates, Niketas. O City of Byzantium: Annals of Niketas Choniates. Translated by Harry J. Magoulias. Byzantine Texts in Translation. Detroit, Mich.: Wayne State University Press, 1984.
Cimok, Fatih. Guide To The Seven Churches. Istanbul: Tuttle, 1999.
Ciotta, G., and L. Palmucci Quaglino. “La Cattedrale Di Hierapolis.” In Saggi in Onore Di Paolo Verzone, edited by Daria de Bernardi Ferrero, 185–94. Hierapolis: Scavi E Ricerche 4. Rome: Bretschneider, 2002.
Clare, Israel Smith. Ancient Greece and Rome. Vol. 2. 5 vols. The Unrivaled History of the World. Chicago, Ill.: Werner, 1893.
Clark, David S. The Message from Patmos: A Postmillennial Commentary on the Book of Revelation. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1989.
Clarke, Graeme Wilber. “The Persecution of Decius.” In The Letters of St. Cyprian, edited by Graeme Wilber Clarke, 1:103–14. Ancient Christian Writers 43. New York, N.Y.: Newman, 1984.
Clayton, Peter A. Treasures of Ancient Rome. Wingdale, N.Y.: Crescent, 1995.
Cleland, Liza, Glenys Davies, and Karen Stears, eds. Colour in the Ancient Mediterranean World. BARI 1267. Oxford, U.K.: John and Erica Hedges, 2004.
Clemen, Carl C. Religionsgeschichtliche Erklärung Des Neuen Testaments. Die Abhängigkeit Des Ältesten Christentums von Nichtjüdischen Religionen Und Philosophischen Systemen. Gieben: Töpelmann, 1907.
Clerc, Michel Armand Edgar Anatole. De rebus Thyatirenorum commentatio epigraphica. Paris: Picard, 1893.
Clogg, Richard. “Little Known Orthodox Neo-Martyr, Athanasios of Smyrna (1819).” ECR 5 (1973): 28–36.
Cogan, Mordechai, and Hayim Tadmor. “Gyges and Assurbanipal; A Study in Literary Transmission.” Orientalia 46 (1977): 65–85.
Cohen, Getzel M. The Hellenistic Settlements in Europe, the Islands, and Asia Minor. Berkeley, Calf.: University of California Press, 1996.
Cohen, Shaye J. D. “Women in the Synagogues of Antiquity.” Conservative Judaism 34 (1980): 25–26.
Cohick, Lynn H. The Peri Pascha Attributed to Melito of Sardis: Setting, Purpose, and Sources. Brown Judaic Studies. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 2000.
Coleman-Norton, Paul Robinson. “The Apostle Paul and the Roman Law of Slavery.” In Studies in Roman Economic and Social History: In Honor of Allan Chester Johnson, edited by Paul Robinson Coleman-Norton, 155–77. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1951.
Coleman-Norton, Paul Robinson, Allan Chester Johnson, and Frank Card Bourne. Ancient Roman Statutes: A Translation with Introduction, Commentary, Glossary, and Index. Edited by Clyde Pharr. Austin, Tex.: University of Texas Press, 2009.
Collins, Adela Yarbro. Crisis and Catharsis: The Power of the Apocalypse. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/Knox, 1984.
———. “Dating the Apocalypse of John.” BR 26, no. 1 (1981): 33–45.
———. “Insiders and Outsiders in the Book of Revelation and Its Social Context.” In “To See Ourselves As Others See Us”: Christians, Jews, “Others” in Late Antiquity, edited by Jacob Neusner and Ernest S. Frerichs, 187–218. Scholars Press Studies in the Humanities. Chico, Ca.: Scholars Press, 1985.
———. “Numerical Symbolism in Jewish and Early Christian Apocalyptic Literature.” ANRW II.21.2 (1984): 1221–87.
———. “Pergamon in Early Christian Literature.” In Pergamon-Citadel of the Gods, edited by Helmut Koester, 163—84. HTS 46. Harrisburg, Pa.: Trinity Press International, 1998.
———. “Persecution and Vengeance in the Book of Revelation.” In Apocalypticism in the Mediterranean World and the Near East: Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Apocalypticism, Uppsala, August 12-17, 1979, edited by David Hellholm, 729–49. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1983.
———. The Apocalypse. New Testament Message: A Biblical-Theological Commentary Series. Wilmington, Del.: Michael Glazier, Inc., 1979.
———. “The Book of Revelation.” In The Encyclopedia of Apocalypticism, edited by John Joseph Collins, Bernard McGinn, and Stephen J. Stein, 384–414. New York, N.Y.: T&T Clark, 2000.
———. The Combat Myth in the Book of Revelation. HDR 9. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1976.
———. “Vilification and Self-Definition in the Book of Revelation.” HTR 79 (1986): 308–20.
Collins, John Joseph, and Daniel C. Harlow, eds. The Eerdmans Dictionary of Early Judaism. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2010.
Collins, John Joseph. “Introduction: Towards the Morphology of a Genre.” In Apocalypse: The Morphology of a Genre, edited by John Joseph Collins, 14:1–20. Semeia 294. Atlanta, Ga.: SBL, 1979.
———. The Scepter and the Star: The Messiahs of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Other Ancient Literature. ABRL. New York, N.Y.: Anchor Bible, 1995.
Collins, John Neil. Diakonia: Re-Interpreting the Ancient Sources. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Collins, Marilyn F. “The Hidden Vessels in Samaritan Traditions.” JSJ 3 (1972): 97–116.
Constantinou, Eugenia Scarvelis. “Andrew of Caesarea and the Apocalypse in the Ancient Church of the East: Studies and Translation.” Ph.D. diss., Université Laval, 2008.
Conzelmann, Hans. Acts of the Apostles: A Commentary on the Acts of the Apostles. Hermeneia. Philadelphia, Pa.: Fortress, 1987.
Cook, J. M. The Greeks: In Ionia and the East. Edited by Glyn Daniel. Ancient Peoples and Places 31. New York, N.Y.: Praeger, 1963.
Cook, S. A. “A Lydian-Aramaic Bilingual.” JHS 37 (1917): 77–87.
Cooksey, Christopher J. “Tyrian Purple: 6,6’-Dibromoindigo and Related Compounds.” Molecules 6 (2001): 736–69.
Cooksey, Christopher J., and R. S. Sinclair. “Colour Variations in Tyrian Purple Dyeing.” Dyes in History and Archaeology 20 (2005): 127–35.
Cornelie, Piok Zanon. “The Sanctuary of Demeter at Pergamon: Architecture and Dynasty in the Early Attalid Capital.” Ph.D. diss., University of Pittsburgh, 2009.
Corsten, Thomas. Die Inschriften von Laodikeia Am Lykos. Bonn: Habelt, 1997.
Cortes, E. “Una Interpretación Judía Del Cant 5, 2 En Apocalipsis 3, 19b-20.” RCT 4, no. 2 (1979): 239–58.
Cothenet, Édouard. Le Prophétisme Dans Le Nouveau Testament. Edited by Louis Pirot, André Robert, Jacque Briend, and Édouard Cothenet. 14 vols. DBSup 8. Paris: Letouzey et Ané, 1972.
Cotter, Wendy J. “Women’s Authority Roles in Paul’s Churches: Countercultural or Conventional?” NovT 36 (1994): 350–72.
Court, John M. Myth and History in the Book of Revelation. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/Knox, 1979.
Court, John M. Revelation. NTG. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1994.
———. The Book of Revelation and the Johannine Apocalyptic Tradition. Sheffield, U.K.: Sheffield Academic, 2000.
Coutsoumpos, Panayotis. “The Social Implication of Idolatry in Revelation 2:14: Christ or Caesar?” BTB 27 (1997): 23–27.
Cowell, M. R., and K. Hyne. “Scientific Examination of the Lydian Precious Metal Coinages.” In King Croesus’ Gold: Excavations at Sardis and the History of Gold Refining, edited by Andrew Ramage and Paul T. Craddock, 169–74. AESM 11. Cambridge, Mass.: British Museum Press, 2000.
Craddock, Paul T. “Assaying in Antiquity.” In King Croesus’ Gold: Excavations at Sardis and the History of Gold Refining, edited by Andrew Ramage and Paul T. Craddock, 245–50. AESM 11. Cambridge, Mass.: British Museum Press, 2000.
Craigie, Peter C. The Book of Deuteronomy. Edited by R. K. Harrison. NICOT 5. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1976.
Cramer, John Anthony. A Geographical and Historical Description of Asia Minor. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1832.
Crawford, J. Stephens. The Byzantine Shops at Sardis . AESM 9. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1990.
Criswell, W. A. Expository Sermons on Revelation. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1975.
Cross, Frank Leslie, and Elizabeth A. Livingstone, eds. “Pionius, St.” In The Oxford Dictionary Of The Christian Church, Revised., 1298. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2005.
———, eds. The Oxford Dictionary Of The Christian Church. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Cross, Frank Moore. “The Hebrew Inscriptions from Sardis.” HTR 95, no. 1 (2002): 3–19.
Curran, John. “The Ambitions of Quintus Labienus ‘Parthicus.’” Antichthon 41 (2007): 33–53.
Curtis, C. Densmore. Sardis XIII: Jewelry and Gold Work, Part 1, 1910-1914. Edited by Andrew Ramage and Paul T. Craddock. AESM 13. Rome: Sindacato Italiano Arti Grafiche, 1925.
Daltrop, Georg, Ulrich Hausmann, and Max Wegner. Die Flavier: Vespasian, Titus, Domitian, Nerva, Julia Titi, Domitilla , Domitia. Berlin: Mann, 1966.
Dana, H. E., and Julius Mantey. A Manual Grammar of the Greek New Testament. New York, N.Y.: MacMillan, 1969.
D’Andria, Francesco, Mustafa Büyükkolancı, and Lorenzo Campagna. “The Castellum Aquae of Hierapolis of Phrygia .” In Cura Aquarum In Ephesus: Proceedings of the Twelfth International Congress on the History of Water Management and Hydraulic Engineering in the Mediterranean Region (Ephesus-Selçuck, October 2-10, 2004), Part 1, edited by Gilbert Wiplinger, 359–61. BABesch Suppl. 12. Leuven, Belgium: Peeters, 2006.
Daniel, Robert Walter, and Franco Maltomini. Supplementum Magicum. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1990.
———. Supplementum Magicum. 2 vols. Papyrologica Coloniensia 16. Oppladen: Westdeutscher, 1990.
Daniels, T. Scott. Seven Deadly Spirits: The Message of Revelation’s Letters for Today’s Church. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2009.
Davidson, Maxwell. Angels at Qumran: A Comparative Study of 1 Enoch 1-36; 72-108 and Sectarian Writings from Qumran. New York, N.Y.: A&C Black, 1992.
Davies, W. D. “A Note on Josephus, Antiquities 15:136.” HTR 47, no. 3 (1954): 135–40.
Davis, Dean R. The Heavenly Court Judgment of Revelation 4-5. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1992.
Davis, E. J. Anatolia: Or The Journal of a Visit to Some of the Ancient Ruined Cities of Caria, Phrygia, Lycia and Pisidia. London, U.K.: Grant & Co., 1874.
Davis, John J. Biblical Numerology: A Basic Study of the Use of Numbers in the Bible. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1968.
Davis, R. Dean. “The Heavenly Court Scene of Revelation 4–5.” Ph.D. diss., Andrews University, 1986.
Day, N. John. “The Imprecatory Psalms and Christian Ethics.” Ph.D. diss., Dallas Theological Seminary, 2001.
De Roche, Michael. “Yahweh’s Rîb against Israel: A Reassessment of the So-Called ‘Prophetic Lawsuit’ in the Pre-Exilic Prophets.” JBL 102, no. 4 (1983): 563–74.
Deer, Donald S. “Whose Faith/Loyalty in Revelation 2.13 and 14.12?” BT 38, no. 3 (1987): 328–30.
Dehandschütter, Boudewijn. “The Martyrium Polycarpi: A Century of Research.” Edited by Wolfgang Haase and Hildegard Temporini. Aufstieg Und Niedergang Der Römischen Welt: Geschichte Und Kultur Roms Im Spiegel Der Neueren Forschung 27, no. 2 (1993): 485–522.
———. “The Meaning of Witness in the Apocalypse.” In L’Apocalypse Johannique et L’ Apocalyptique Dans Le Nouveau Testament, edited by Jan Lambrecht, 283–88. Gembloux, Belgium: Louvain University Press, 1980.
Deissmann, Gustav Adolf. Light from the Ancient East. Translated by Lionel R. M. Strachan. New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, 1927.
Delaine, Janet. “Architecture.” Edited by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth. OCD. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 2003.
Delatte, A., and Ph. Derchain. Les Intailles Magiques Gréco-Egyptiennes. Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale, 1964.
Delitzsch, Franz. Isaiah. 10 vols. COT 7. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1977.
Delivorrias, Angelos. “The Throne of Apollo at the Amyklaion: Old Proposals, New Perspectives.” British School at Athens Studies 16 (2009): 133–35.
Dempster, Stephen G. “The Prophetic Invocation of the Ban as Covenant Curse: A Historical Analysis of a Prophetic Theme.” Th.M. diss., Westminster Theological Seminary, 1978.
Derin, Zafer. “Yeşilova Höyük.” Actual Archaeology Magazine 2 (2012): 108–20.
———. “Yeşilova Höyük Excavations.” Ege University, December 12, 2015. http://www.yesilova.ege.edu.tr/eng/.
Derin, Zafer, and T. Caymaz. “İzmir’in Prehistorik Yerleşimi, Yeşilova Höyüğü 2012 Yılı Kazı Çalışmaları.” Kazi Sonuçlari Toplantisi 35, no. 1 (2014): 419–33.
Derwbear, Thomas. “Secret of Ancient Graffiti.” Turks.US Daily EU News, July 22, 2003. www.turks.us/article.php?story=20030722090305725.
deSilva, David A. “The Revelation to John: A Case Study in Apocalyptic Propaganda and the Maintenance of Sectarian Identity.” Sociological Analysis 53, no. 4 (1992): 375–95.
DeSilva, David A. “The Social Setting of the Revelation to John: Conflicts Within, Fears Without.” WTJ 54, no. 2 (1992): 273–302.
DeSilva, David Arthur. Seeing Things John’s Way: The Rhetoric of the Book of Revelation. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox, 2009.
Desnier, Jean-Lu. “Divus Caesar Imp. Domitiani F.” REA 81 (1979): 54–64.
Destrée, Pierre, and Penelope Murray. A Companion to Ancient Aesthetics. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley & Sons, 2015.
Dewar, Michael. “Spinning the Trabea: Consular Robes and Propaganda in the Panegyrics of Claudian.” In Roman Dress and the Fabrics of Roman Culture, edited by Jonathan C. Edmondson and Alison Keith, 217–37. Phoenix Supplementary Volumes. Toronto, Can.: University of Toronto Press, 2009.
Dibelius, Martin. James: A Commentary on the Epistle of James. Edited by Heinrich Greeven and Helmut Koster. Translated by Michael A. Williams. Hermeneia. Philadelphia, Pa.: Fortress, 1976.
———. “Wer Ohren Hat Zu Hören, Der Höre.” TSK 83 (1910): 461–71.
Dignas, Beate, and R. R. R. Smith. Historical and Religious Memory in the Ancient World. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Dijkstra, Meindert. “Prophecy by Letter (Jeremiah 29:24–32).” Vetus Testamentum 33 (1983): 319–22.
Dillon, John M. “Dionysus (Deity).” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
Dionisopoulous-Mass, Regina. “The Evil Eye and the Bewitchment in a Peasant Village.” In The Evil Eye, edited by Clarence Maloney, 42–62. New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, 1976.
Dixon, Suzanne. Childhood, Class and Kin in the Roman World. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2005.
Dmitriev, Sviatoslav. “Claudius’ Grant of Cilicia to Polemo.” ClQ 53, no. 1 (2003): 286–91.
Dobkin, Marjorie H. Smyrna 1922: The Destruction of a City. New York, N.Y.: Newmark, 1988.
Doerfer, Gerhard. Türkische und mongolische Elemente im Neupersischen: unter besonderer Berücksichtigung älterer neupersischer Geschichtsquellen, vor allem der Mongolen- und Timuridenzeit. Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1965.
Doğan News Agency. “Sacred Agora Excavated at Laodicea.” Artifax 32, no. 2 (2017): 20.
———. “Sacred Agora Unearthed in Laodicea.” Hurriot Daily News, January 3, 2017. http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/sacred-agora-unearthed-in-laodicea.aspx?pageID =238&nID=108030&NewsCatID =375.
Dolansky, Fanny. “Togam Virilem Sumere: Coming of Age in the Roman World.” In Roman Dress and the Fabrics of Roman Culture, edited by Jonathan C. Edmondson and Alison Keith, 47–70. Phoenix Supplementary Volumes. Toronto, Can.: University of Toronto Press, 2009.
Donkin, R. A. Manna: An Historical Geography. Biogeographic 17. New York, N.Y.: Springer, 2013.
Doughty, Darrell J. “Persecution and Martyrdom in Early Christianity,” 2003. http://courses. drew.edu/FA2001/bibst-720s-001.
Doumet, Joseph. A Study on the Ancient Purple Color and an Attempt to Reproduce the Dyeing Procedure of Tyre as Described by Pliny the Elder. Translated by Robert Cook. Beirut: Imprimerie Catholique, 1980.
Downing, F. Gerald. “Pliny’s Prosecutions of Christians.” Journal for the Study of the New Testament 34 (1988): 105–23.
Dräger, Michael. Die Städte der Provinz Asia in der Flavierzeit: Studien zur kleinasiatischen Stadt- und Regionalgeschichte. Europäische Hochschulschriften, III.576. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1993.
Draper, Jr., James T. The Unveiling: Inspirational Expositions of the Book of Revelation from a Premillennial Viewpoint. Nashville, Tenn.: Broadman, 1984.
Dreyfus, Renée, and Ellen Schraudolph, eds. Pergamon: The Telephos Frieze from the Great Altar. Vol. 2. San Francisco, Calif.: University of Texas Press, 1997.
Drob-Krüpe, Kerstin. “Spatial Concentration and Dispersal of Roman Textile Crafts.” In Urban Craftsmen and Traders in the Roman World, edited by Andrew Wilson and Miko Flohr, 334–51. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2016.
Du Preez, James. “Ancient Near Eastern Vassal Treaties and the Book of Revelation: Possible Links.” RSA 2, no. 2 (1981): 33–43.
———. “Mission Perspective in the Book of Revelation.” EvQ 42 (1970): 152–67.
Duff, Paul B. “I Will Give Each of You as Your Works Deserve”: Witchcraft Accusations and the Fiery-Eyed Son of God in Rev 2.18–23.” NTS 43, no. 1 (1997): 116–23.
———. “The ‘Synagogues of Satan’: Crisis Mongering and the Apocalypse of John.” In The Reality of Apocalypse: Rhetoric and Politics in the Book of Revelation, edited by L. Barr David, 147–68. SBLSS 39. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 2006.
———. Who Rides the Beast?: Prophetic Rivalry and the Rhetoric of Crisis in the Churches of the Apocalypse. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Dunbabin, Katherine M. D. The Roman Banquet: Images of Conviviality. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
———. “Wine and Water at the Roman Convivium.” JRA 6 (1993): 116–41.
Duncan-Jones, Richard P. The Economy of the Roman Empire: Quantitative Studies. Cambridge, Mass.: Cambridge University Press, 1974.
Dunn, James D. G. Christology in the Making: A New Testament Inquiry Into the Origins of the Doctrine of the Incarnation. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1996.
Durant, Will. The Story of Civilization, Part II: The Life of Greece. 11 vols. New York, N.Y.: Simon & Schuster, 1966.
Durham, John I. Exodus. 32 vols. WBC 3. Dallas, Tex.: Word Books, 1987.
Durling, Richard J. A Dictionary of Medical Terms in Galen. Studies in Ancient Medicine, Monumenta Graeca Et Romana 5. Leiden: Brill, 1993.
Dusinberre, Elspeth R. M. Aspects of Empire in Achaemenid Sardis. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Düsterdieck, Friedrich. Critical and Exegetical Handbook to the Revelation of John. Translated by Henry E. Jacobs. 3rd ed. New York, N.Y.: Funk & Wagnalls, 1887.
Duyuran, Rüstem. “Akhisar Tepe Mezarliğinda Yapilan Arkeolojik Araştirmalar.” TAD 17, no. 2 (1968): 73–76.
———. “Akhisar Tepe Mezarliğinda Yapilan Arkeolojik Araştirmalar II.” TAD 20, no. 2 (1973): 17–27.
Ebert, J. “Zur Stiftungsurkunde Der Leukophryena in Magnesia Am Mäander.” Philologus 126 (1982): 198–216.
Eck, Werner. “Hadrian als pater patriae und die Verleihung des Augustatitels an Sabina.” In Romanitas - Christianitas: Untersuchungen zur Geschichte und Literatur der römischen Kaiserzeit. Johannes Straub zum 70. Geburtstag am 18. Oktober 1982 gewidmet, edited by Gerhard Wirth, 217–29. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1982.
———. “Jahres- Und Provinzialfasten Der Senatorischen Statthalter von 69/70 Bis 138/139, 1. Teil.” Chiron 12 (1982): 281–362.
———. “Jahres- Und Provinzialfasten Der Senatorischen Statthalter von 69/70 Bis 138/139. 2. Teil.” Chiron 13 (1983): 147–237.
———. “Traianus.” In BrillPaulyA, edited by Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider, translated by Christine F. Salazar and Francis G. Gentry. Leiden: Brill, 2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1218650.
Edelstein, Emma Jeannette Levy, and Ludwig Edelstein. Asclepius: A Collection and Interpretation of the Testimonies. 2 vols. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins Press, 1998.
Edgar, Thomas R. “Robert H. Gundry and Revelation 3:10.” GTJ 3, no. 1 (1982): 19–49.
Edmondson, Jonathan C. “Public Dress and Social Control in Late Republican and Early Imperial Rome .” In Roman Dress and the Fabrics of Roman Culture, edited by Jonathan C. Edmondson and Alison Keith, 21–46. Phoenix Supplementary Volumes. Toronto, Can.: University of Toronto Press, 2009.
———, ed. Two Industries in Roman Lusitania: Mining and Garum Production. Oxford, U.K.: British Archaeological Reports, 1987.
Edwards, Catharine. The Politics of Immorality in Ancient Rome. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Efird, James M. Revelation For Today: An Apocalyptic Approach. Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon, 1989.
Ehler, W. “Triumphus.” RE 2. VIIA.1 (1939): 493–511.
Ehrhardt, Arnold. The Framework of the New Testament Stories. Harvard University Press, 1964.
Eichhorn, Johann G. Commentarius in Apocalypsin Joannis. 2 vols. Göttingen: Dieterich, 1791.
Eichrodt, Walther. “Prophet and Covenant: Observations on the Exegesis of Isaiah.” In Proclamation and Presence: Old Testament Essays in Honour of Gwynne Henton Davies, edited by John I. Durham and J. Roy Porter, 167–88. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/Knox, 1970.
———. Theology of the Old Testament. 2 vols. Old Testament Library. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/Knox, 1967.
Eisenbud, Daniel K. “Archaeologists Restore Ancient Tiles from Second Temple in Jerusalem.” The Jerusalem Post, September 6, 2016. http://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Archeologists-restore-tiles-from-Second-Temple-in-Jerusalem-467021.
Eissfeldt, Otto. “Renaming in the Old Testament.” In Words and Meanings, edited by Peter R. Ackroyd and Barnabas Lindars, 69–80. London, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1968.
Ellul, Jacques. Apocalypse: The Book of Revelation. Translated by George W. Schreiner. New York, N.Y.: Seabury, 1977.
Elwell, Walter A., ed. Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. 2nd ed. Baker Reference Library. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2001.
Elworthy, Frederick Thomas. “The Evil Eye.” In Encylopaedia of Religion and Ethics, edited by James Hastings, 5:608–15. New York, N.Y.: T&T Clark, 1908.
———. The Evil Eye: An Account of This Ancient and Widespread Superstition. London, U.K.: Murray, 1958.
Emerton, John Adney. “Binding and Loosing—Forgiving and Retaining.” JTS 13 (1962): 325–31.
Enroth, Anne-Mart. “The Hearing Formula in the Book of Revelation.” NTS 36, no. 4 (1990): 598–608.
Erdemir, Hatice. “Woollen Textiles: An International Trade Good in the Lycus Valley in Antiquity.” In Colossae in Space and Time: Linking to an Ancient City, edited by Alan H. Cadwallader and Michael Trainor, 104–29. NTOA SUNT. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2011.
Erim, Kenan T. Aphrodisias: City of Venus Aphrodite. New York, N.Y: Facts on File, 1986.
Erkelenz, Dirk. “Cicero, pro Flacco 55-59: Zur Finanzierung von Statthalterfesten in Der Friihphase Des Koinon von Asia.” Chiron 29 (1999): 43–57.
Eusebius. Eusebius: The Church History. Translated by Paul L. Maier. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Kregel Academic & Professional, 2007.
Evans, Craig A., and Stanley E. Porter, eds. Dictionary of New Testament Background: A Compendium of Contemporary Biblical Scholarship. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 2000.
Evans, Richard. A History of Pergamum: Beyond Hellenistic Kingship. New York, N.Y.: Continuum International, 2012.
Everitt, Anthony. Cicero : The Life and Times of Rome’s Greatest Politician. New York, N.Y.: Random House, 2003.
Exell, Joseph S. Revelation. BI 23. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1978.
Fagan, Brian M., and Charlotte Beck, eds. The Oxford Companion to Archaeology. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Fagan, Garrett G. Bathing in Public in the Roman World. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press, 2002.
Fairchild, Mark R. “The ‘Lukewarm’ Legacy of Laodicea: Conflicts of Prosperity in an Ancient Christian City.” BAR 43, no. 2 (March 2017): 30–39, 67–68.
Falcon-Barker, Ted. Roman Galley Beneath the Sea. Philadelphia, Pa.: Clinton, 1964.
Falkener, Edward. Ephesus, and the Temple of Diana. London, U.K.: Day & Son, 1862.
Fanning, Buist M. Verbal Aspect in New Testament Greek. Edited by J. Barton. Oxford Theology and Religion Monographs. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University, 1990.
Fant, Clyde E., and Mitchell G. Reddish. A Guide to Biblical Sites in Greece and Turkey. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Farmer, David Hugh. The Oxford Dictionary of Saints. 5th ed. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Farnell, Lewis Richard. The Cults of the Greek States. Cambridge Library Collection - Classics. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Farrer, Austin M. The Revelation of St. John the Divine: Commentary on the English Text. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1964.
Fekkes, Jan. Isaiah and Prophetic Traditions in the Book of Revelation: Visionary Antecedents and Their Development. LNTS 93. New York, N.Y.: Bloomsbury, 1994.
Feldman, Louis H. Studies in Hellenistic Judaism. Leiden: Brill, 1996.
Fensham, F. Charles. “Clauses of Protection in Hittite Vassal-Treaties and the Old Testament.” VT 13 (1963): 133–43.
———. “Common Trends in Curses of the Near East: Treaties and Kudurru Inscriptions Compared with Maledictions of Amos and Isaiah.” ZAW 75 (1963): 155–75.
———. “Maledictions and Benedictions in Ancient Near Eastern Vassal–Treaties and the Old Testament.” ZAW 74 (1962): 1–9.
Ferguson, Everett. Demonology of the Early Christian World. Symposium 12. New York, N.Y.: Mellen, 1984.
Ferguson, Sinclair B., David F. Wright, and James I. Packer, eds. New Dictionary of Theology. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1988.
Ferreiro, Alberto. “Priscillian and Nicolaitism.” VC 52, no. 4 (1998): 382–92.
Feuillet, André. “Le Cantique Des Cantiques et l’Apocalypse: Etude Des Deux Reminiscences Du Cantique Dans l’Apocalypse Johannique (Apc 3,20 et Cant 5.1-2; Apc 12 et Cant 6,10.” RSR 49 (1961): 321–53.
———. The Apocalypse. Translated by T. E. Crane. New York, N.Y.: Alba, 1965.
Fine, Steven. Art and Judaism in the Greco-Roman World: Toward a New Jewish  Archaeology. Revised. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
———. The Menorah: From the Bible to Modern Israel. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2016.
Fine, Steven, and Leonard Victor Rutgers. “New Light on Judaism in Asia Minor During Late Antiquity: Two Recently Identified Inscribed Menorahs.” JSQ 3, no. 1 (1996): 1–23.
Finegan, Jack. The Archeology of the New Testament: The Life of Jesus and the Beginning of the Early Church. Revised. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2014.
———. The Archeology of the New Testament: The Mediterranean World of the Early Christian Apostles. Routledge Library Editions: Archaeology. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2015.
Finet, André. “Les Dieux Voyageurs En Mésopotamie.” Akkadica 21 (1981): 1–13.
Fink, Amir Sumaka’i. “The Historical Prologue in a Letter from Šuppiluliuma II to ‘Ammurapi’, King of Ugarit (RS 18.038).” In “I Will Speak the Riddles of Ancient Times:” Archaeological and Historical Studies in Honor of Amihai Mazar on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday, edited by Aren M. Maeir and Pierre de Miroschedji, 2:673–88. Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 2006.
Fiorenza, Elisabeth Schüssler. “Apocalyptic and Gnosis in the Book of Revelation and Paul.” JBL 92 (1973): 565–81.
Fishbane, Michael. “Accusations of Adultery: A Study of Law and Scribal Practices in Num 5:11–31.” HUCA 45 (1974): 25–45.
Fishwick, Duncan. The Imperial Cult in the Latin West. Studies in the Ruler Cult of the Western Provinces of the Roman Empire, 2.1. Leiden: Brill Academic, 2005.
Fitzmyer, Joseph A. “The Contribution of Qumran Aramaic to the Study of the New Testament.” NTS 20 (74 1973): 382–407.
Flacelière, Robert. Greek Oracles. New York, N.Y: Beekman, 1980.
Flather, J. F. “Dalmatica.” In DGRA, edited by William Smith, 1:594. London, U.K.: Murray, 1890.
Fleischer, Robert. Artemis von Ephesos: und verwandte Kultstatuen aus Anatolien und Syrien. ÉPRO 35. Leiden: Brill, 1973.
———. “Ein Heiligtum Für Apollon, Artemis Und Leto Bei Heracleia Salbace in Karien.” Archäologischer Anzeiger, 2000, 405–53.
———. “Ein Unbekanntes Heiligtum Für Apollon, Artemis Und Leto in Der Südwestlichen Turkei.” Antike Welt 33 (2002): 325–37.
———. “Neues Zu Kleinasiastischen Kultstatuen.” AA 98 (1983): 81–93.
Flohr, Miko. “Fullones and Roman Society: A Reconsideration.” JRA 16 (2003): 447–50.
———. “The Textile Economy of Pompeii.” JRA 26, no. 1 (2013): 53–78.
Forbes, Robert J. Studies in Ancient Technology. Leiden: Brill, 1993.
Ford, J. Massyngberde. Revelation: Introduction, Translation and Commentary. AYBC 38. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1985.
Foss, Clive. “Appendix III: The Silting of the Harbor of Ephesus.” In Ephesus After Antiquity: A Late Antique, Byzantine  and Turkish City, 185–87. Cambridge, Mass.: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
———. Ephesus  After Antiquity: A Late Antique, Byzantine and Turkish City. Cambridge, Mass.: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
———. “Inscriptions Related to the Complex.” In The Bath-Gymnasium Complex at Sardis, edited by Fikret K. Yegül, George M. A. Hanfmann, and Jane Ayer Scott, 169–72. AESR 3. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986.
Foster, John. “Note on St. Polycarp.” ExpTim 77 (1966): 319.
Fox, Kenneth A. “The Nicolaitans, Nicolaus and the Early Church.” SR 23, no. 4 (1994): 485–96.
Frank, Tenney. An Economic Survey of Ancient Rome: Rome and Italy of the Empire. 5 vols. Baltimore, Md.: John Hopkins University Press, 1975.
Frankfurter, David. “Jews or Not? Reconstructing The ‘other’ in Rev 2:9 and 3:9.” HTR 94, no. 4 (2001): 403–25.
Franz, Gordon. “Propaganda, Power and the Perversion of Biblical Truths: Coins Illustrating the Book of Revelation.” Bible and Spade 19, no. 3 (2006): 73–87.
Frazer, James G. Adonis Attis Osiris: Studies In The History Of Oriental Religion. London, U.K.: MacMillan & Co., 1906.
Freedman, David Noel, Allen C. Myers, and Astrid B. Beck, eds. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2000.
Freedman, David Noel, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins, eds. The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
Freedman, H., and Maurice Simon, eds. Midrash Rabbah. 10 vols. London, U.K.: Soncino, 1992.
French, David H. Roman Roads and Milestones of Asia Minor Vol. 3 Milestones Fasc. 3.5 Asia. BAR International Series 5. Ankara, Turkey: British Institute at Ankara, 2014.
Frend, William H. C. Martyrdom and Persecution in the Early Church: A Study of a Conflict from the Maccabees to Donatus. Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell, 1965.
———. “The Persecutions: Some Links between Judaism and the Early Church.” JEH 9 (1958): 141–58.
Friesen, Steven J. “Asiarchs.” ZPE 126 (1999): 275–90.
———. “Ephesus: Key to a Vision in Revelation.” BAR 19, no. 3 (1993): 24–37.
———. Imperial Cults and the Apocalypse of John: Reading Revelation in the Ruins. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2001.
———. “Myth and Symbolic Resistance in Revelation 13.” JBL 123 (2004): 281–313.
———. “Revelation, Realia, and Religion: Archaeology in the Interpretations of the Apocalypse.” HTR 88, no. 3 (1995): 291–314.
———. “Sarcasm in Revelation 2–3: Churches, Christians, True Jews, and Satanic Synagogues.” In The Reality of Apocalypse: Rhetoric and Politics in the Book of Revelation, edited by L. Barr David, 127–46. SBLSS 39. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 2006.
———. “Satan’s Throne, Imperial Cults and the Social Settings of Revelation.” JSNT 27, no. 3 (2005): 351–73.
———. “The Cult of the Roman Emperors in Ephesos: Temple Wardens, City Titles, and the Interpretation of the Revelation of John.” In Ephesos Metropolis of Asia: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Its Archaeology, Religion, and Culture, edited by Helmut Koester, 229–50. HTR 41. Valley Forge, PA: Trinity, 1995.
———. Twice Neokoros: Ephesus, Asia and the Cult of the Flavian  Imperial Family. Leiden: Brill Academic, 1993.
Fürst, Dieter. “Παιδεύω.” Edited and translated by Colin Brown. NIDNTT. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1986.
Gaffney, Jr., Edward McGlynn. “Of Covenants Ancient and New: The Influence of Secular Law on Biblical Religion.” Journal of Law and Religion 2, no. 1 (1984): 117–44.
Gagarin, Michael, ed. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome. 7 vols. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Gager, John C. The Origins of Anti-Semitism. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1983.
Gagniers, Jean des, Robert Ginouvès, P. Devambez, and L. Kahil. Laodicée du Lycos: le nymphée; campagnes 1961–1963. Québec: l’Université Laval, 1969.
Gallusz, Laszlo. The Throne Motif in the Book of Revelation. LNTS. New York, N.Y.: Bloomsbury, 2013.
Gamber, Klaus. Das Geheimnis Der Sieben Sterne. Regensburg: Pustet, 1987.
Gangemi, Attilio. “La Manna Nascosta E Il Nome Nuovo.” RivB 25 (1977): 337–56.
———. “La Stella Del Mattino (Apoc. 2,26–28).” RivB 26 (1978): 241–74.
Gardner, Paul. “Review of Colin J. Hemer, The Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia in Their Local Setting.” Churchman 101, no. 3 (1987): 279–80.
Garfinkel, Yosef. “Commentary: The Eliakim Nacar Yokan Seal Impressions: Sixty Years of Confusion in Biblical Archaeological Research.” BA 53, no. 2 (1990): 74–79.
Garnder, Percy. “Stater.” In DGRA, edited by William Smith, 2:695-96. London, U.K.: Murray, 1891.
Garnsey, Peter. “The Criminal Jurisdiction of Governors.” JRS 58, no. 1 and 2 (1968): 51–59.
Garstang, John, and Oliver Robert Gurney. The Geography of the Hittite Empire. OPBIAA 5. London, U.K.: British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, 1959.
Garthwaite, John. “Martial, Book 6, on Domitian’s Moral Censorship.” Prudentia 22 (1990): 12–22.
Gasparro, Giulia Sfameni. Soteriology and Mystic Aspects in the Cult of Cybele and Attis. ÉPRO 103. Leiden: Brill Academic, 1985.
Gasque, W. Ward. “Philadelphia (Place).” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
Gelzer, Heinrich, Heinrich Hilgenfeld, and Otto Cuntz. Patrum Nicaenorum Nomina Latine, Graece, Coptice, Syriace, Arabice, Armeniace. Lipsiae: Teubner, 1898.
Gemser, Berend. “The Rîb-or Controversy-Pattern in Hebrew Mentality.” In Wisdom in Israel and in the Ancient Near East, edited by Martin Noth and David Winton Thomas, 120–37. VTSup 3. Leiden: Brill, 1955.
Gentry, Kenneth L., Jr. Before Jerusalem Fell: Dating the Book of Revelation. Powder Springs, GA: American Vision, 1998.
Giblin, Charles Homer. The Book of Revelation: The Open Book of Prophecy. GNS 34. Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical, 1991.
Gibson, Elizabeth Leigh. “Jews in the Inscriptions of Smyrna.” JJS 56, no. 1 (2005): 66–79.
Giesen, Heinz, and Horst Eckert. Die Offenbarung des Johannes. RNT. Regensburg: Pustet, 1997.
Gill, David. “Trapezomata: A Neglected Aspect of Greek Sacrifice.” HTR 67, no. 2 (1974): 117–37.
Gill, David W., and Conrad H. Gempf, eds. The Book of Acts in Its Graeco-Roman Setting. Vol. 2. Book of Acts in Its First Century Setting 2. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1994.
Gill, David W. J. “Seleucids and Antiochids.” In DNTB, edited by Craig A. Evans and Stanley E. Porter, 1092–93. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 2000.
Gill, John. Exposition of the New Testament: Galatians to Revelation. Vol. 3. Philadelphia, Pa.: Woodward, 1811.
Gilliam, J. Frank. “Invitations to the Kline of Sarapis.” In Collectanea Papyrologica: Texts published in honor of H. C. Youtie, edited by A. E. Hanson, 1:315–24. Papyrologische Texte und Abhandlungen. Bonn: Habelt, 1976.
Gilman, Sander L., Steven T. Katz, and Moshe Lozer, eds. “The Lamb and the Scapegoat: The Dehumanization of the Jews in Medieval Propaganda Imagery.” In Anti-Semitism in Times of Crisis, 38–80. New York, N.Y.: New York University Press, 1993.
Ginzberg, Louis. The Legends of the Jews. Translated by Paul Radin, Henrietta Szold, and Boaz Cohen. 7 vols. Philadelphia, Pa.: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1909.
Glazebrook, Allison, and Madeleine M. Henry, eds. Greek Prostitutes in the Ancient Mediterranean, 800 BCE–200 CE. Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin Press, 2011.
Gökgöz, Ali. “Geochemistry of the Kizildere-Tekkehamambuldan-Pamukkale Geothermal Fields, Turkey.” Geothermal Training Programme The United Nations University Reports 5 (1998): 115–56.
Goodenough, Erwin R. “The Crown of Victory in Judaism.” ABul 28 (1946): 139–59.
Gooder, Paula. “Diakonia in the New Testament: A Dialogue with John N. Collins.” Ecclesiology 3, no. 1 (2006): 33–56.
Götze, Bernt. Antike Bibliotheken. Jahrbuch Der Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts 52. Berlin: de Greuyter, 1937.
Goulder, Michael D. “The Visionaries of Laodicea.” JSNT 14, no. 43 (July 1, 1991): 15–39.
Gow, Mary. Measuring the Earth: Eratosthenes and His Celestial Geometry. Berkeley Heights, N.J.: Enslow, 2009.
Graber, F. “Blind.” Edited and translated by Colin Brown. NIDNTT. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1976.
Gradel, Ittai. Emperor Worship and Roman Religion. OCM. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Grainger, John D. “An Empire Builder—Seleukos Nikator.” History Today 43, no. 5 (1993): 25–30.
———. Nerva and the Roman Succession Crisis of AD 96-99. Roman Imperial Biographies. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2003.
———. Seleukos Nikator: Constructing a Hellenistic Kingdom. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 1990.
———. The Roman War of Antiochos the Great. Mnemosyne Supplements 239. Leiden: Brill, 2002.
Grant, Frederick C. “Smyrna.” In DBib, edited by James Hastings, Frederick C. Grant, and Harold. H. Rowley, 4:927. New York, N.Y.: Scribner’s Sons, 1909.
Graser, Elsa R. “A Text and Translation of the Edict of Diocletian.” In An Economic Survey of Ancient Rome : Rome and Italy of the Empire, edited by Tenney Frank, 5:307–421. Baltimore, Md.: John Hopkins University Press, 1975.
Graves, David E. Biblical Archaeology: An Introduction with Recent Discoveries That Support the Reliability of the Bible. Vol. 1. Toronto, Ont.: Electronic Christian Media, 2017.
———. Biblical Archaeology: Famous Discoveries That Support the Reliability of the Bible. Vol. 2. Toronto, Can.: Electronic Christian Media, 2015.
———. “Governors of Judaea and New Discoveries.” BS 30, no. 1 (Spring 2017): ??
———. “Influence of the Ancient Near Eastern Vassal Treaties on the Hippocratic Oath.” NEASB 57 (2012): 27–45.
———. “Jesus Speaks to Seven of His Churches, Part 1.” Bible and Spade 23, no. 2 (Spring 2010): 46–56.
———. “Jesus Speaks to Seven of His Churches, Part 2.” Bible and Spade 23, no. 3 (Summer 2010): 66–74.
———. “Local References in the Letter to Smyrna (Rev 2:8–11), Part 1: Archaeological Background.” BS 18, no. 4 (2005): 114–23.
———. “Local References in the Letter to Smyrna (Rev 2:8–11), Part 2: Historical Background.” BS 19, no. 1 (2006): 23–31.
———. “Local References in the Letter to Smyrna (Rev 2:8–11), Part 3: Jewish  Background.” BS 19, no. 2 (2006): 41–47.
———. “Local References in the Letter to Smyrna (Rev 2:8–11), Part 4: Religious Background.” BS 19, no. 3 (2006): 88–96.
———. The Seven Messages of Revelation and Vassal Treaties: Literary Genre, Structure, and Function. GDBS 41. Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias, 2009.
———. “What Is the Madder with Lydia’s Purple? A Re-Examination of the Purpurarii in Thyatira and Philippi.” NEASB 62 (2017): 1–47.
Grayson, Albert Kirk. Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles. Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 1975.
Green, Joel B., Scot McKnight, and I. Howard Marshall, eds. Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1992.
Greene, John T. “Balaam: Prophet, Diviner, and Priest in Selected Ancient Israelite and Hellenistic Jewish Sources.” SBLSP 28 (1989): 57–106.
———. “The Balaam Figure and Type Before, During, and after the Period of the Pseudepigrapha.” JSP 8 (1991): 67–110.
Greenewalt, Jr., Crawford H. “Ekrem Akurgal, 1911–2002.” AJA 109, no. 3 (2005): 561–63.
———. “Sardis.” Sardis, 2015. http://www.sardisexpedition.org.
Greenewalt, Jr., Crawford H., and L. J. Majewski. “Lydian Textiles.” In From Athens to Gordion: The Papers of a Memorial Symposium for Rodney S. Young, edited by Keith DeVries, 133–48. Philadelphia, Pa.: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 1980.
Greenhill, Willlam Alexander. “Anaitis.” In Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, edited by William Smith, 1:158. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown & Co., 1870.
———. “Themison.” In Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, edited by William Smith, 3:1023–24. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown & Co., 1870.
Gregg, Steve. Revelation: Four Views: A Parallel Commentary. Nashville, Tenn.: Nelson, 1997.
Gresseth, Gerald K. “The ‘Gilgamesh Epic and Homer.” CJ 70 (1975): 1–18.
Gritz, Sharon Hodgin. Paul, Women Teachers, and the Mother Goddess at Ephesus: A Study of 1 Timothy 2:9-15 in Light of the Religious and Cultural Milieu of the First Century. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, 1991.
Groom, Nigel. Frankincense & Myrrh: A Study of the Arabian Incense Trade. London, U.K.: Longman, 1981.
Grüll, Tibor. “Expositio totius mundi et gentium. A peculiar work on the commerce of Roman Empire from the mid-fourth century – compiled by a Syrian textile dealer?” In Studies in Economic and Scoail History of the Ancient Near East in Memory of Péter Vargyas, edited by Zoltán Csabai, 629–43. Ancient Near Eastern and Mediterranean Studies 2. Budapest: Department of Ancient History, University of Pécs & L’Harmattan, 2014.
Guidoboni, Emanuela, Alberto Comastri, and Giusto Traina. Catalogue of Ancient Earthquakes in the Mediterranean Area Up to the 10th Century. Rome: Istituto nazionale di geofisica, 1994.
Gulgun, Bahriye, İsmail Yörük, Bahar Turkyilmaz, Mustafa Bolca, and Aslı Güneş. “Determination of the Effects of Temporal Change in Urban and Agricultural Land Uses as Seen in the Example of the Town of Akhisar, Using Remote Sensing Techniques.” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 150, no. 1–4 (2009): 427–36.
Gundry, Robert H. Commentary on Revelation. CNT 19. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2011.
Gundry, Robert Horton. The Church and the Tribulation: A Biblical Examination of Posttribulationism. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1973.
Gürtekin-Demir, R. Gül. “A Small Group of Pottery with Lydian Character from Gavurtepe, Alaşehir.” Arkeoloji Dergisi 15 (2010): 41–48.
Gusmani, Roberto. Lydisches Wörterbuch, Mit Grammatischer Skizze Und Inschriftensammlung. Heidelberg: Winter, 1964.
Guthrie, Donald D. The Apostles. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1992.
———. The Relevance of John’s Apocalypse. Exeter, U.K.: Paternoster, 1987.
Guthrie, William K. C. The Greeks and Their Gods. Ariadne Series. Boston, Mass.: Beacon, 1950.
Guthrie, William Keith. Orpheus and Greek Religion: A Study of the Orphic Movement. Edited by L. Alderlink. 2nd ed. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1993.
Habicht, Christian. Die Inschriften Des Asklepieions. Vol. 3. Altertümer von Pergamon 8. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1969.
———. “New Evidence on the Province of Asia.” JRS 65 (1975): 64–91.
Hackett, Jo Ann. “Balaam (Person).” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
———. The Balaam Text from Deir ʿAllā. Harvard Semitic Monographs 31. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1980.
Hadorn, Wilhelm. Die Offenbarung Des Johannes. THKNT 18. Leipzig: Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1928.
Haenchen, Ernst. The Acts of the Apostles: A Commentary. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley & Sons, 1971.
Hagner, Donald Alfred. The Use of the Old and New Testaments in Clement  of Rome. NovTSup 34. Leiden: Brill, 1973.
Hahn, Ferdinand. “Die Sendschreiben Der Johannesapokalypse: Ein Beitrag Zur Bestimmung Prophetischer Redeformen.” In Tradition Und Glauben: Das Frühe Christentum in Seiner Umwelt, edited by Karl Georg Kuhn, Gert Jermias, Heinz-Wolfgang Kuhn, and Hartmut Stegemann, 257–94. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1971.
Hahn, Scott W. “Canon, Cult and Covenant: The Promise of Liturgical Hermeneutics.” In Canon And Biblical Interpretation, edited by Scott W. Hahn, Craig Bartholomew, Robin Parry, Christopher Seitz, and Al Wolters, 201–35. Scripture and Hermeneutics Series 7. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2006.
———. “Covenant in the Old and New Testaments: Some Current Research (1994–2004).” CBR 3, no. 2 (2005): 263–92.
Hailey, Homer. Revelation: An Introduction and Commentary. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1979.
Halfmann, Helmut. Die Senatoren aus dem östlichen Teil des Imperium Romanum bis zum Ende des 2. Jahrhunderts n. Chr. Hypomnemata 58. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1979.
Halsberghe, Gaston H. The Cult of Sol Invictus. Leiden: Brill Archive, 1972.
Hamel, Gildas H. Poverty and Charity in Roman Palestine, First Three Centuries C.E. NES 23. Berkeley, Calf.: University of California Press, 1990.
Hamilton, James M. Revelation: The Spirit Speaks to the Churches. Edited by R. Kent Hughes. Preaching the Word. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway, 2012.
Hamilton, William John. “Extracts from Notes Made on a Journey in Asia Minor in 1836 by W. I. [=J.] Hamilton.” JRGS 7 (1837): 34–61.
———. Researches in Asia Minor, Pontus and Armenia: With Some Account of Their Antiquities and Geology. 2 vols. London, U.K.: Murray, 1842.
Hanfmann, George M. A. From Croesus to Constantine: The Cities of Western Asia Minor and Their Arts in Greek and Roman Times. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press, 1974.
———. Letters from Sardis. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972.
———. “Lydiaka.” HSCP 63 (1958): 65–88.
———. “On Lydian Sardis.” In From Athens to Gordion: The Papers of a Memorial Symposium for Rodney S. Young, edited by Keith DeVries, 99–132. Philadelphia, Pa.: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 1980.
———. “On the Gods of Lydian Sardis.” In Beiträge Zur Altertumskunde Kleinasiens: Festschrift Für Kurt Bittel, edited by Rainer M. Boehmer and Herald Hauptmann, 219–31. Bücher: Mainz am Rhein, 1983.
———. “Recent Archaeological Research in Turkey: Sardis, 1975.” AS 26, no. 1 (1976): 58–62.
Hanfmann, George M. A., William E. Mierse, and Clive Foss, eds. Sardis from Prehistoric to Roman Times: Results of the Archaeological Exploration of Sardis, 1958-1975. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983.
Hanfmann, George M. A., and Nancy H. Ramage. Sculpture from Sardis : The Finds through 1975. Edited by George M. A. Hanfmann and S. W. Jacobs. AESR 2. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1978.
Hanfmann, George M. A., L. Roberts, and William E. Mierse. “The Hellenistic Period.” In Sardis from Prehistoric to Roman Times: Results of the Archaeological Exploration of Sardis, 1958-1975, edited by George M. A. Hanfmann, William E. Mierse, and Clive Foss, 109–39. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983.
Hanfmann, George M. A., G. F. Swift, and Crawford H. Greenewalt, Jr. “The Ninth Campaign at Sardis (1966).” BASOR, no. 187 (1966): Hanfmann, “The Ninth Campaign at Sardis (1966).”
Hanfmann, George M. A., and Jane C. Waldbaum. A Survey of Sardis and the Major Monuments Outside the City Walls. Edited by George M. A. Hanfmann and Stephen W. Jacobs. AESR 1. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1975.
———. “Kybele and Artemis: Two Anatolian Goddesses at Sardis.” Archaeology 22, no. 4 (1969): 264–69.
———. “New Excavations at Sardis and Some Problems of Western Anatolian Archaeology.” In Near Eastern Archaeolgoy in the Twentieth Century: Essays in Honor of Nelson Glueck, edited by James A. Sanders, 307–26. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1970.
Hanfmann, George M. A., Fikret K. Yegül, and Crawford H. Greenewalt, Jr. “The Roman and Late Antique Period.” In Sardis from Prehistoric to Roman Times: Results of the Archaeological Exploration of Sardis, 1958-1975, edited by George M. A. Hanfmann, William E. Mierse, and Clive Foss, 139–67. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983.
Hansen, Esther Violet. The Attalids of Pergamon. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1947.
Hansen, Ryan Leif. Silence and Praise: Rhetorical Cosmology and Political Theology in the Book of Revelation. Emerging Scholars. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 2014.
Hanson, J. W. “The Urban System of Roman Asia Minor and Wider Urban Connectivity.” In Settlement, Urbanization, and Population, edited by Alan Bowman and Andrew Wilson, 229–75. OSRE. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Hare, Douglas R. A. The Theme of Jewish  Persecution of Christians in the Gospel According to St. Matthew. SNTS 6. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Harland, Philip A. “Acculturation and Identity in the Diaspora: A Jewish Family and ‘Pagan’ Guilds at Hierapolis.” JJS 57, no. 2 (2006): 222–44.
———. Associations, Synagogues, and Congregations: Claiming a Place in Ancient Mediterranean Society. 2nd ed. Kitchener, Ontario: Harland, 2011.
———. “Imperial Cults within Local Cultural Life: Associations in Roman Asia.” Ancient History Bulletin 17, no. 1–2 (2003): 85–107.
———. North Coast of the Black Sea, Asia Minor. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2014.
———. “Spheres of Contention, Claims of Pre-Eminence Rivalries among Associations in Sardis and Smyrna.” In Religious Rivalries and the Struggle for Success in Sardis and Smyrna, edited by Richard S. Ascough, 53–63. SSEJC 14. Waterloo, Ont.: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2006.
Harnack, A. Von. “The Sect of the Nicolaitans and Nicolaus, the Deacon of Jerusalem.” JR 3 (1923): 413–22.
Harrelson, Walter J. Interpreting the Old Testament. New York, N.Y.: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1964.
Harrington, Wilfrid J. Revelation. Edited by Daniel J Harrington. SPS 16. Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical, 2008.
Harris, J. Rendel. “The Early Colonists of the Mediterranean.” BJRL 10, no. 2 (1926): 303–61.
Harris, Murray J. Colossians and Philemon. EGGNT. Nashville, Tenn.: B&H Academic, 2010.
Harris, W. V. Rome ’s Imperial Economy: Twelve Essays. Oxford University Press, 2011.
Harrison, J. R. “The Fading Crown: Divine Honour and the Early Christians.” JTS 54, no. 2 (October 2003): 493–529.
Harrison, R. K. Archaeology of the New Testament: The Stirring Times of Christ and the Early Church Come to Life in the Latest Findings of Science. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1985.
Hart, Gerald David. Asclepius : The God of Medicine. New York, N.Y.: Royal Society of Medicine, 2000.
Hartingsveld, L. van. Revelation: A Practical Commentary. Translated by John Vriend. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1985.
Hartman, Lars. “Form and Message: A Preliminary Discussion of ‘Partial Texts’ in Rev 1–3 and 22, 6ff.” In L’Apocalypse Johannique et L’ Apocalyptique Dans Le NouveauTestament, edited by Jan Lambrecht, 129–49. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1980.
Hartog, Paul. Polycarp and the New Testament: The Occasion, Rhetoric, Theme, and Unity of the Epistle to the Philippians and Its Allusions to New Testament Literature. WUNT, 2.134. Tübingen: Siebeck, 2002.
Harvey, Julien. Le Plaidoyer Prophétique, Contre Israël Après La Rupture de L’alliance: Étude D’une Formule Littéraire de l’Ancien Testament. Paris: Bruges, 1967.
———. “Le ‘RIB-Pattern’, Réquisitoire Prophétique Sur La Rupture de L’alliance.” Biblica 43, no. 2 (1962): 172–96.
Hastings, James, and John A. Selbie, eds. A Dictionary of the Bible: Dealing with Its Language, Literature and Contents Including the Biblical Theology. 5 vols. New York, N.Y.: Scribner’s Sons, 1911.
Hatzfeld, J. “Inscriptions de Panamara.” BCH 51 (1927): 57–155.
Hawkins, J. David. “The Arzawa Letters in Recent Perspective.” British Museum  Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan 14 (2009): 78–83.
Hawthorne, Gerald F. “Amen .” In Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, edited by Joel B. Green, Scot McKnight, and I. Howard Marshall, 7–8. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1992.
Head, Barclay Vincent. Catalogue of the Greek Coins of Ionia in the British Museum. Edited by Reginald Stuart Poole. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1892.
———. Catalogue of the Greek Coins of Lydia. Catalogue of the Greek Coins  in the British Museum 22. London, U.K.: British Museum Press, 1901.
———. Historia Numorum: A Manual of Greek Numismatics. 2nd ed. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1911.
Hefele, Karl Joseph von. Histoire Des Conciles D’après Les Documents Originaux. 2 vols. Paris, France: Letouzey et Ané, 1907.
Heiken, Grant, Renato Funiciello, and Donatella de Rita. The Seven Hills of Rome: A Geological Tour of the Eternal City. Princeton University Press, 2013.
Heinen, H. “The Syrian–Egyptian Wars and the New Kingdoms of Asia Minor.” In CAH, edited by Frank William Wallbank, 7.1:412–45. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1984.
Heinisch, H. F. “Ancient Purple, an Historical Survey.” Fibre Engineering and Chemistry, Great Britain 18, no. 6 (1957): 203–6.
Heitmüller, Wilhelm H. F. “Im Namen Jesu”: Eine Sprach- U. Religionsgeschichtliche Untersuchung Zum Neuen Testament, Speziell Zur Altchristlichen Taufe. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1903.
Hekster, Olivier. Emperors and Ancestors: Roman Rulers and the Constraints of Tradition. OSACR. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2015.
Hekster, Olivier Joram, and Nicholas Zair. Rome and Its Empire: Ad 193-284. Edinburgh, U.K.: Edinburgh University Press, 2008.
Heller, Anna. Les bêtises des Grecs: Conflits et rivalités entre cités d’Asie et de Bithynie à l’époque romaine (129 AD.-235 AD). SA 17. Bordeaux, France: Ausonius, 2006.
Hellholm, David, and Kungl Vitterhets. Apocalypticism in the Mediterranean World and the Near East: Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Apocalypticism, Uppsala, August 12-17, 1979. Tübingen: Siebeck, 1989.
Hellig, Jocelyn. The Holocaust and Antisemitism: A Short History. Oxford, U.K.: One World, 2003.
Hemer, Colin J. “Nicolaitan.” Edited by Colin Brown. NIDNTT. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1976.
———. “Seven Cities of Asia Minor.” In Major Cities of the Biblical World, edited by R.K. Harrison, 234–48. Nashville, Tenn.: Nelson, 1985.
———. The Book of Acts in the Setting of Hellenistic History. Edited by Conrad H. Gempf. WUNT 49. Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 1990.
———. The Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia in Their Local Setting. The Biblical Resource Series. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2001.
———. “The Sardis Letter and the Croesus Tradition.” NTS 19, no. 1 (1972): 94–97.
———. “The Speeches of Acts: I. The Ephesian Elders at Miletus.” TynBul 40, no. 1 (1989): 77–85.
———. “Unto the Angels of the Churches.” Buried History 11 (1975): 4–27, 56–83, 110–35, 164–90.
Hendriksen, William. More than Conquerors. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1982.
Hengel, Martin. Judaism and Hellenism: Studies in Their Encounter in Palestine During the Early Hellenistic Period. Translated by John Bowde. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2003.
———. The Johannine Question. Translated by John Bowden. Philadelphia, Pa.: Trinity, 1989.
Hengstenberg, Ernst W. The Revelation of John: Expounded for Those Who Search the Scriptures. Translated by Patrick Fairbairn. 2 vols. Edinburgh, U.K.: T&T Clark, 1852.
Henten, Jan Willem van. “Anti-Judaism in Revelation? A Response to Peter Tomson.” In Anti-Judaism and the Fourth Gospel, edited by Reimund Bieringer, Didier Pollefeyt, and Frederique Vandecasteele-Vanneuville, 111–25. Jewish and Christian Heritage 1. Assen: Royal van Gorcum, 2001.
Herbermann, Charles George, Condé Bénoist Pallen, and Edward Aloysius Pace, eds. The Catholic Encyclopedia; An International Work of Reference on the Constitution, Doctrine, Discipline, and History of the Catholic Church. 16 vols. New York, N.Y.: Appleton & Company, 1913.
Herrmann, Peter. “Demeter Karpophoros in Sardeis.” REA 100 (1998): 495–508.
———. “Mystenvereine in Sardeis.” Chiron 26 (1996): 315–48.
———. “Neues Vom Sklavenmarkt in Sardeis.” TAD 4 (1996): 175–87.
———. “Sardeis Zur Zeit Der Iulisch-Claudischen Kaiser.” In Forschungen in Lydien, edited by Elmar Schwertheim, 21–36. AMStud. 17. Bonn: Habelt, 1995.
Hersh, Charles A. “The Coinage of Quintus Labienus Parthicus.” SNR 59 (1980): 41–51.
Herzog, Isaac. “Semitic Porphyrology (The Dyeing of Purple in Ancient Israel) I: Tekhelet.” D. Litt. diss., University of London, 1919.
Herzog, Rudolf. Aus der Geschichte des Bankwesens im Altertum: Tesserae nummulariae. Mit einer tafel. Berlin: Töpelmann, 1919.
Hester, James D. Paul’s Concept of Inheritance: A Contribution to the Understanding of Heilsgeschichte. SJTOP 19. Edinburgh, U.K.: Oliver & Boyd, 1968.
Heyman, George. “Review of Loren L. John’s The Lamb Christology of the Apocalypse of John: An Investigation into Its Origins and Rehetorical Force.” RBL 2 (2005): 1–4.
Higgins, Christopher M. “Popular and Imperial Response to Earthquakes in the Roman Empire.” M.A. diss., College of Arts and Sciences of Ohio University, 2009.
Hill, Andrew E. “Ancient Art and Artemis: Toward Explaining the Polymastic Nature of the Figurine.” JANES 21 (1992): 91–94.
Hill, David. New Testament Prophecy. Marshall’s Theological Library. London, U.K.: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, 1979.
Hillers, Delbert R. Covenant: The History of a Biblical Idea. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1969.
———. Treaty-Curses and the Old Testament Prophets. Biblica et Orientalia 16. Rome: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1964.
Hinds, John T. A Commentary on the Book of Revelation. New Testament Commentaries (Gospel Advocate). Nashville, Tenn.: Gospel Advocate, 1974. Commentary on Revelation.
Hindson, Edward E. The Book of Revelation: Unlocking the Future. Edited by Mal Couch. Twenty-First Century Biblical Commentary Series. Chattanoooga, TN: AMG, 2002.
Hirschberg, Julius. The History of Ophthalmology. Translated by Frederick C. Blodi and D. L. Blanchard. 11 vols. Amsterdam: Wayenborgh, 1982.
Hirschfeld, Von Otto. “Zur Geschichte Des Römischen Kaiserkultus.” SPAW 2 (1888): 833–62.
Hobler, Francis. Records of Roman History: From Cnæus Pompeius to Tiberius Constantinus, as Exhibited on the Roman Coins. New York, N.Y.: Nichols & sons, 1860.
Hoekema, Anthony A. The Bible and the Future. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1994.
Hoeksema, Herman. Behold, He Cometh! An Exposition of the Book of Revelation. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Reformed Free Publishing Association, 1974.
Hoffmann, Adolf. “The Roman Remodeling of the Asklepieion.” In Pergamon-Citadel of the Gods: Archaeological Record, Literary Description, and Religious Development, edited by Helmut Koester, 41–61. Harrisburg, Pa.: Trinity  Press International, 1998.
———. “The Roman Remodeling of the Asklepieion.” In Pergamon-Citadel of the Gods: Archaeological Record, Literary Description, and Religious Development, edited by Helmut Koester, 41–61. HTS 46. Harrisburg, Pa.: Trinity Press International, 1998.
Hoffmann, Matthias Reinhard. The Destroyer and the Lamb : The Relationship Between Angelomorphic and Lamb Christology in the Book of Revelation. WUNT 203. Tübingen: Siebeck, 2005.
Hoftijzer, Jacob. “The Prophet Balaam in a 6th Century Aramaic Inscription.” BA 39, no. 1 (1976): 11–17.
Hoftijzer, Jacob, and G. Van der Kooij. Aramaic Texts from Deir ‘Alla. Leiden: Brill, 1976.
———, eds. The Balaam Text from Deir ’Alla Re-Evaluated: Proceedings of the International Symposium Held at Leiden, 21–24 August 1989. Leiden: Brill, 1991.
Hogarth, David George. Excavations at Ephesus: The Archaic Artemisia. London, U.K.: Longmans & Co., 1908.
Hoge, Robert, and David L. Vagi. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire, Ca. 82 BC–AD 480. 2 vols. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2001.
Holder, Alfred. Alt-Celtischer Sprachschatz. 3 vols. Leipzig: Teubner, 1896.
Holladay, John S. “Assyrian Statecraft and the Prophets of Israel.” HTR 63, no. 1 (1970): 29–51.
Holleran, Claire. Shopping in Ancient Rome: The Retail Trade in the Late Republic and the Principate. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Holloway, Paul A. “The Apocryphal ‘Epistle to the Laodiceans’ and the Partitioning of Philippians.” HTR 91, no. 3 (1998): 321–25.
Holloway, R. Ross. The Archaeology of Ancient Sicily. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2002.
Holt, P. M., Ann K. S. Lambton, and Bernard Lewis, eds. The Cambridge History of Islam: Volume 1A, The Central Islamic Lands from Pre-Islamic Times to the First World War. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Holtz, Traugott. Die Christologie Der Apokalypse Des Johannes. 2nd ed. TU 85. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1971.
Holtzmann, Heinrich Julius. Evangelium, Briefe und Offenbarung des Johannes. Edited by R. A. Lipsius. 2nd ed. Hand-Commentar Zum Neuen Testament. Halle: Gebauer & Schwetschke, 1906.
Holwerda, David E. Jesus and Israel: One Covenant or Two? Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1995.
Homcy, Stephen L. “To Him Who Overcomes: A Fresh Look as What Victory Means for the Believer according to the Book of Revelation.” JETS 38, no. 2 (n.d.): 193–201.
Hooker, Morna D. “Artemis of Ephesus.” JTS 64, no. 1 (2013): 37–46.
Hope, Valerie. Death in Ancient Rome: A Sourcebook. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2007.
Horbury, William. “The Benediction of the ‘Minim’ and Early Jewish-Christian Controversy.” JTS 33, no. 1 (1982): 19–61.
Horn, Friedrich W. “Zwischen Der Synagoge Des Satans Und Dem Neuen Jerusalem: Die Christlich-Jüdische Standortbestimmung in Der Apokalypse Des Johannes.” ZRGG 46, no. 2 (1994): 143–62.
Hornblower, Simon, and Anthony J. S. Spawforth, eds. The Oxford Classical Dictionary. 3rd ed. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 2003.
Horovitz, Philippe. “Essai Sur Les Pouvoirs Des Procurateurs-Gouverneurs.” RBPH 17, no. 1 (1938): 53–62.
Horsley, G. H. R. “Expiation and the Cult of Men.” In New Documents Illustrating Early Christianity, edited by G. H. R. Horsley and Stephen R. Llewelyn, 3:20–31. NewDocs. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1983.
Horsley, G. H. R. “The Inscriptions of Ephesos and the New Testament.” NovT 34, no. 2 (1992): 105–68.
Horsley, G. H. R., and S. C. Barton. “A Hellenistic Cult Group and the New Testament.” JAC 24 (1981): 7–41.
Horst, Johannes. Proskynein: Zur Anbetung Im Urchristentum Nach Ihrer Religionsgeschichtlichen Eigenart. Gütersloh: Bertelsmann, 1932.
Horst, Pieter Willem van der. “Jews and Christians in Aphrodisias  in the Light of Their Relations in Other Cities of Asia Minor.” NedTT 43 (1989): 106–7.
Hort, Fenton John Anthony. The Apocalypse of St. John I-III: The Greek Text with Introduction, Commentary, and Additional Notes. London, U.K.: MacMillan & Co., 1908.
Horton, George. The Blight of Asia: An Account of the Systematic Extermination of Christian Populations by Mohammedans and of the Culpability of Certain Great Power; with the True Story of the Burning of Smyrna . Indianapolis, Ind.: Bobbs-Merrill, 1953.
Hough, Lynn Harold, and Martin Rist. “The Revelation of St. John the Divine.” In The Interpreter’s Bible, edited by George A. Buttrick, 12:345–613. Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon, 1957.
Houston, George W. Inside Roman Libraries: Book Collections and Their Management in Antiquity. Raleigh, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2014.
How, Walter W., and Joseph Wells, eds. A Commentary on Herodotus : With Introduction and Appendices. Vol. 2. 2 vols. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Howard-Brook, Wes, and Anthony Gwyther. Unveiling Empire: Reading Revelation Then and Now. The Bible and Liberation. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1999.
Howgego, Christopher. Ancient History from Coins. Approaching the Ancient World. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2002.
Hoz, María Paz de. Die Lydischen Kulte Im Lichte Der Griechischen Inschriften. AMStud. 36. Bonn: Habelt, 1999.
Hubbard, Moyer V. Christianity in the Greco-Roman World: A Narrative Introduction. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2010.
Huffmon, Herbert B. “Prophecy in the Mari Letters.” BA 31 (1968): 101–24.
———. “The Covenant Lawsuit in the Prophets.” JBL 68, no. 4 (1959): 285–95.
———. “The Treaty Background of Hebrew Yãda‘.” BASOR 181 (1966): 31–37.
Huffmon, Herbert B., and Simon B. Parker. “A Further Note on the Treaty Background of Hebrew Yãda‘.” BASOR 184 (1966): 36–38.
Hughes, Lisa. “Dyeing in Ancient Italy? Evidence for the Purpurarii.” In Ancient Textiles: Production, Craft and Society, edited by Carole Gillis and Marie-Louise B. Nosch, 87–92. Oxford, U.K.: Oxbow, 2007.
Hughes, Philip Edgcumbe. The Book of the Revelation: A Commentary. PNTC 16. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1990.
Hull, E. “Earthquake.” In DBib, edited by James Hastings, Frederick C. Grant, and Harold. H. Rowley, 1:634–35. New York, N.Y.: Scribner’s Sons, 1909.
Hurschmann, Rolf. “Seat.” In BrillPaulyA, edited by Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider, translated by Christine F. Salazar and Francis G. Gentry. Leiden: Brill, 2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1124640.
Hurtado, Larry W. “Revelation 4–5 in the Light of Jewish  Apocalyptic Analogies.” JSNT 25 (1985): 105–24.
Huttner, Ulrich R. “Die Färber von Laodikeia  Und Hierapolis . Eine Nachricht Aus Dem Corpus Der Alchemisten.” MBAH 26 (2008): 139–57.
———. Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley. Translated by David Green. AJEC: ECAM, 85.1. Leiden: Brill, 2013.
———. “Wolf Und Eber: Die Flüsse von Laodikeia  in Phrygien.” In Internationales Kolloquium Zur Kaiserzeitlichen Münzprägung Kleinasiens, 27.-30. April 1994 in Der Staatlichen Münzsammlung, München, Mailand, edited by Johannes Nollé, Bernhard Overbeck, and Peter Weiss, 93–109. Nomismata 1. Milano: Ennerre, 1997.
Inan, Jale, and Elisabeth Rosenbaum. Roman and Early Byzantine  Portrait Sculpture in Asia Minor. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1966.
InstoneBrewer, David. The Eighteen Benedictions and the Minim before 70 CE. JTS 54, no. 1 (April 1, 2003): 25–44.
Israelowich, Ido. Patients and Healers in the High Roman Empire. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2015.
———. Society, Medicine and Religion in the Sacred Tales of Aelius Aristides . Leiden: Brill, 2012.
Jackson, Ralph P. J. “Eye Medicine in the Roman Empire.” In ANRW II, edited by Wolfgang Haase and Hildegard Temporini, 37.3:2226–51. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1996.
Jacoby, Felix , ed. Die Fragmente Der Griechischen Historiker. Translated by Felix  Jacoby. Part 2 Zeitgeschichte: A: Universalgeschichte Und Hellenika. Leiden: Brill Academic, 2004.
Jahreshefte des Österreichischen Archäologischen Institutes in Wien. Vol. 26. Wien: ÖAI, 1930.
Jayne, Walter Addison. Healing Gods of Ancient Civilizations. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1925.
Jeffers, James S. The Greco-Roman World of the New Testament Era: Exploring the Background of Early Christianity. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1999.
Jenkins, Ferrell. The Old Testament in the Book of Revelation. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1976.
Jensen, Lloyd B. “Royal Purple of Tyre.” JNES 22 (1963): 104–18.
Jeremias, Joachim. Parables of Jesus. 2 rev. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1972.
Jewett, Robert. “Mapping the Route of Paul’s ‘Second Missionary Journey’ from Dorylaeum to Troas.” TynBul 48, no. 1 (1997): 1–22.
Jobst, Werner. “Das ‘Öffentliche Freudenhaus’ in Ephesos.” JÖAI 51 (1976): 61–84.
Johns, Loren L. The Lamb  Christology of the Apocalypse of John: An Investigation into Its Origins and Rhetorical Force. WUNT 167. Tübingen: Siebeck, 2003.
Johnson, Alan F. “Revelation.” In Hebrews-Revelation, edited by Tremper Longman and David E Garland, Revised., 573–789. EBC 13. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2006.
Johnson, Alan F., Dick T. France, George H. Guthrie, Daryl Charles, and Tom Thatcher. Hebrews - Revelation. Edited by Tremper Longman III and David E. Garland. Revised. EBC 13. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2006.
———. Hebrews - Revelation. Edited by Tremper Longman III and David E. Garland. Revised. EBC 13. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2006.
Johnson, Dennis E. Triumph of the Lamb : A Commentary on Revelation. Phillipsburg, N.J.: P&R, 2001.
Johnson, Gary J. “De Conspiratione Delatorum: Pliny  and the Christians Revisited.” Latomus 47, no. 2 (1988): 417–22.
Johnson, Lora Lee. “The Hellenistic and Roman Library: Studies Pertaining to Their Architectural Form.” Ph.D. diss., Brown University, 1989.
Johnson, Luke Timothy. The Acts of the Apostles. Edited by Daniel  J. Harrington. SPS 5. Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical, 1992.
———. “The New Testament’s AntiJewish Slander and the Conventions of Ancient Polemic.” JBL 108 (1989): 419–41.
Johnson, Richard R. “Ancient and Medieval Accounts of the ‘Invention’ of Parchment.” CSCA 3 (January 1, 1970): 115–22.
Johnson, Sherman E. “Asia Minor and Early Christianity.” In Judaism and Christianity in the Age of Constantine , edited by Jacob Neusner, 2:77–145. Leiden: Brill, 1975.
———. “Laodicea  and Its Neighbors.” BA 13, no. 1 (1950): 1–18.
———. “The Apostle Paul and the Riot in Ephesus .” LTQ 14 (1979): 79–88.
Johnson, Sherman Elbridge. “A Sabazios  Inscription from Sardis .” In Religions in Antiquity: Essays in Memory of Erwin Ramsdell Goodenough, edited by Jacob Neusner, 542–50. Eugene, Or.: Wipf & Stock, 2004.
———. “Sabaoth/Sabazios : A Curiosity in Ancient Religion.” LTQ 13, no. 4 (October 1978): 97–103.
———. The Present State of Sabazios  Research. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1984.
Johnson, William A., and Holt N. Parker, eds. Ancient Literacies: The Culture of Reading in Greece  and Rome : The Culture of Reading in Greece and Rome. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Johnston, Ann. “The Provinces After Commodus.” In The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage, edited by William E. Metcalf, 453–67. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Jolly, Karen Louise. Tradition and Diversity: Christianity in a World Context to 1500. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2015.
Jones, A. H. M. The Cities of the Eastern Roman Provinces. 2nd ed. Oxford University Press Academic Monograph. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2004.
———. The Greek City: From Alexander to Justinian. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1940.
Jones, Arnold Hugh Martin, ed. Studies in Roman Government and Law. 2nd ed. Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell, 1963.
Jones, Christopher P. “Aelius Aristides  and the Asklepieion.” In Pergamon-Citadel of the Gods: Archaeological Record, Literary Description, and Religious Development, edited by Helmut Koester, 63–76. Harrisburg, Pa.: Trinity  Press International, 1998.
———. The Roman World of Dio Chrysostom . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1978.
Jongkees, J. H. “Gottesnamen in Lydischen Inschriften.” Mnemosyne 3, no. 6 (1938): 355–57.
Joshel, S. R. Work, Identity and Legal Status at Rome : A Study of the Occupational Inscriptions. Norman, Okla.: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992.
Judge, Edwin Arthur. “The Social Pattern of Christian Groups in the First Century: Some Prolegomena to the Study of New Testament Ideas of Social Obligation.” In Social Distinctives of the Christians in the First Century: Pivotal Essays by E. A. Judge, edited by David M. Scholer, 1–56. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2007.
———. The Social Pattern of the Christian Groups in the First Century: Some Prolegomena to the Study of New Testament Ideas of Social Obligation. Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale, 1960.
Kaimakis, D. Die Kyraniden. Beiträge Zur Klassichen Philologie 76. Meisenheim am Glan: Sophie, 1976.
Kalimi, Isaac, and James D. Purvis. “The Hiding of the Temple Vessels in Jewish  and Samaritan Literature.” CBQ 56, no. 4 (1994): 679–85.
Kalluveettil, Paul. Paul , Declaration and Covenant: A Comprehensive Review of Covenant Formulae from the Old Testament and the Ancient Near East. AnBib 88. Rome : Biblical Institute, 1982.
Kampmann, Ursula. “Homonoia Politics in Asia Minor.” In Pergamon-Citadel of the Gods: Archaeological Record, Literary Description, and Religious Development, edited by Helmut Koester, 373–93. Harrisburg, Pa.: Morehouse, 2002.
Karavites, Peter. Promise-Giving and Treaty-Making Homer  and the Near East. Leiden: Brill, 1992.
Karmon, Nira. “The Purple Dye Industry in Antiquity.” In Colors from Nature: Natural Colors in Ancient Times, edited by agit Śore and Etan Ayalon, 3537. Eretz-Israel  Museum, 1993.
Karmon, Nira, and Ehud Spanier. “Archaeological Evidence of the Purple Dye Industry from Israel .” In The Royal Purple and the Biblical Blue: Argaman and Tekhelet: The Study of Chief Rabbi Dr. Isaac Herzog on the Dye Industries in Ancient Israel and Recent Scientific Contributions, edited by Ehud Spanier, 147–58. Jerusalem , Israel: Keter, 1987.
Karrer, Martin. Die Johannesoffenbarung Als Brief: Studien Zu Ihrem Literarischen, Historischen Und Theologischen Ort. Vol. 1. FRLANT 140. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1986.
Karweise, Stefan. “Ephesos.” RE Supp 12 (1970): 323–26.
Kästner, Voker. “Pergamon and the Attalids .” In Pergamon and the Hellenistic Kingdoms of the Ancient World, edited by Carlos A. Picón and Seán Hemingway, 32–39. Yale University Press, 2016.
Kazhdan, Alexander P. “Maurozomes.” In The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium , edited by Alexander P. Kazhdan, 1319–20. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Kearsley, Rosalinde A. “Asiarchs .” In The Book of Acts in Its Graeco-Roman  Setting, edited by David W. Gill and Conrad H. Gempf, 2:362–76. Book of Acts in Its First Century Setting 2. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1994.
———. “Asiarchs .” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
Kee, Howard C. “Self-Definition in the Asclepius  Cult.” In Jewish  and Christian Self-Definition: Self-Definition in the Graeco-Roman  World, edited by Ben F. Meyer and E. P. Sander, 3:118–36. Philadelphia , Pa.: Fortress, 1982.
Keener, Craig S. Acts: An Exegetical Commentary: 3:1-14:28. Vol. 2. 3 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2013.
———. Acts: An Exegetical Commentary: 15:1-23:35. Vol. 3. 3 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2014.
———. Revelation. Edited by Terry C. Muck. NIVAC 20. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2000.
———. The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament. 2nd ed. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 2004.
Keil, C. F., and Franz Delitzsch. The Pentateuch. Translated by James Martin. Vol. 1. 10 vols. Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1976.
Keil, Carl F. The Twelve Minor Prophets. Edited by Carl F. Keil and Franz Delitzsch. Translated by James Martin. 10 vols. Commentary on the OT. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1977.
Keil, Carl Friedrich, and Franz Delitzsch. The Pentateuch. Translated by James Martin. Edinburgh, U.K.: T&T Clark, 1835.
Keil, Josef. “Die Erste Neokorie von Ephesos.” NZ 48 (1919): 125–30.
———. Zur Topographie Und Geschichte von Ephesos. JÖAI 21–22. Vienna: ÖAI, 1922.
Keil, Josef, Anton von Premerstein, and Paul Wilhelm Kretschmer, eds. Bericht über eine Reise in Lydien und der südlichen Aiolis, ausgeführt 1906 im Auftrage der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Vol. 2. Kaiserliche [Österreichische] Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-historische Klasse, Denkschriften 53. Vienna: Hölder, 1908.
Keil, Josef, E. Reisch, and F. Knoll. Die Marienkirche in Ephesos. FiE, 4.1. Wien: ÖAI, 1932.
Keitel, Elizabeth. “The Art of Losing: Tacitus  and the Disaster Narrative.” In Ancient Historiography and Its Contexts: Studies in Honour of A. J. Woodman, edited by Christina S. Kraus, John Marincola, and Christopher Pelling, 331–53. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Kekec, Tevhit. Pergamon. Istanbul: Hitit Color, 1987.
Kelhoffer, James A. Miracle and Mission: The Authentication of Missionaries and Their Message in the Longer Ending of Mark. WUNT 112. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2000.
Keller, Catherine. Apocalypse Now and Then: A Feminist Guide to the End of the World. Minneapolis, Minn.: Augsburg Fortress, 2009.
Kelshaw, Terence. Send This Message to My Church: Christ’s Words to the Seven Churches of Revelation. Nashville, Tenn.: Nelson, 1984.
Kerényi, Karl. Asklepios: Archetypal Image of the Physician’s Existence. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1959.
———. The Heroes of the Greeks . London, U.K.: Thames and Hudson, 1959.
Keresztes, Paul. “The Decian Libelli and Contemporary Literature.” Latomus 34, no. 3 (1975): 761–81.
Kerkeslager, Allen R. “"The Day of the Lord, the ‘Hour’ in the Book of Revelation and Rev. 3:10.” In Annual National Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature. Kansas City, MO, 1991.
Kiddle, Martin. The Revelation of St. John. Edited by James Moffatt. 17 vols. MNTC 17. London, U.K.: Hodder & Stoughton, 1952.
Kiminas, Demetrius . The Ecumenical Patriarchate: A History of Its Metropolitans with Annotated Hierarch Catalogs. Orthodox Christianity 1. San Bernadino, Calif.: Wildside, 2009.
King, Philip J., and Lawrence E. Stager. Life in Biblical Israel . Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/Knox, 2001.
Kirby, John T. “The Rhetorical Situation of Revelation 1–3.” NTS 34, no. 2 (1988): 197–207.
Kistemaker, Simon J. Exposition of the Book of Revelation. NTC 12. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2001.
———. Exposition of the Epistle of James and the Epistles of John. NTC 10. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1986.
Kitchen, Kenneth A. Ancient Orient and Old Testament. Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale, 1966.
———. “Manna.” Edited by I. Howard Marshall, A. R. Millard, J. I. Packer, and D. J. Wiseman. NBD. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1996.
———. On the Reliability of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2003.
———. “The Fall and Rise of Covenant, Law and Treaty.” TB 40 (1989): 118–35.
Kittel, Gerhard, and Gerhard Friedrich, eds. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Translated by Geoffrey W. Bromiley. Abridged. 10 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1985.
Kittel, Gerhard, and Gerhard Friedrich, eds. Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Neuen Testament. 10 vols. Stuttgart, Germany, 1932–1979.
Klappert, Bertold. “Lord’s Supper.” Edited by Colin Brown. NIDNTT. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1976.
Klauser, T., ed. Reallexikon für Antike und Christentum. 10 vols. Stuttgart, Germany: Hiersemann, 1950.
Kline, Meredith G. Structure of Biblical Authority. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1972.
———. Treaty of the Great King : The Covenant Structure of Deuteronomy: Studies and Commentary. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1963.
Klinzing, Georg. Die Umdeutung des Kultus in der Qumrangemeinde und im Neuen Testament. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1997.
Klose, Dietrich O. A. Die Münzprägung Von Smyrna  in Der Römischen Kaiserzeit. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1987.
Knibbe, Dieter, and Helmut Engelmann. “Aus Ephesischen Skizzenbuchern.” JÖAI 52 (1980): 19–61.
Knipfing, John R. “The Libelli of the Decian Persecution.” HTR 16, no. 4 (1923): 345–90.
Knoppers, Gary N. “Ancient Near Eastern Royal Grants and the Davidic Covenant: A Parallel?” JAOS 116, no. 4 (1996): 670.
Knox, John. Philemon among the Letters of Paul. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1960.
Koenen, Ludwig. “Eine Einladung Zur Kline Des Sarapis.” ZPE 1 (1967): 121–26.
Koester, Craig R. Revelation: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. Edited by John J. Collins. AYBC 38A. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2014.
———. “Roman Slave Trade and the Critique of Babylon in Revelation 18.” CBQ 70, no. 4 (2008): 766–86.
———. “The Message to Laodicea  and the Problem of Its Local Context: A Study in the Imagery in Rev 3.14–22.” NTS 49, no. 3 (2003): 407–24.
Koester, Helmut. “Ephesos in Early Christian Literature.” In Ephesos Metropolis of Asia: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Its Archaeology, Religion, and Culture, edited by Helmut Koester, 119–40. Harvard Theological Studies 41. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Divinity School, 1995.
———, ed. Ephesos Metropolis of Asia: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Its Archaeology, Religion, and Culture. HTS 41. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Divinity School, 1995.
———. “GNOMAI DIAPHORAI: The Origin and Nature of Diversification in the History of Early Christianity.” In Trajectories through Early Christianity, edited by James McConkey Robinson and Helmut Koester, 114–57. Philadelphia : Fortress Press, 1971.
———. Introduction to the New Testament: History, Culture, And Religion Of The Hellenistic Age. Berlin: Gruyter, 1982.
Kohler, Kaufmann. The Origins of the Synagogue and the Church. New York, N.Y.: MacMillan, 1929.
König, Friedrich Wilhelm. Die Persika des Ktesias von Knidos. Graz: Weidner, 1972.
Konuk, Koray. “Asia Minor to the Ionian Revolt.” In The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage, edited by William E. Metcalf, 43–60. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Koortbojian, Michael. “The Double Identity of Roman Portrait Statues: Costumes and Their Symoblism at Rome .” In Roman Dress and the Fabrics of Roman Culture, edited by Jonathan C. Edmondson and Alison Keith, 71–93. Phoenix Supplementary Volumes. Toronto, Can.: University of Toronto Press, 2009.
Koren, Zvi C. “High-Performance Liquid Chromatographic Analysis of an Ancient Tyrian Purple  Dyeing Vat from Israel .” IJC 35 (1995): 117–24.
———. “HPLC Analysis of the Natural Scale Insect, Madder and Indigoid Dyes.” Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists 110 (1994): 273–77.
———. “Methods of Dye Analysis Used at the Shenkar College Edelstein Centre in Israel .” Dyes in History and Archaeology 11 (1993): 25–33.
———. “The First Optimal All-Murex All-Natural Purple Dyeing in the Eastern Mediterranean in a Millennium and a Half.” Dyes in History and Archaeology 20 (2005): 136– 49.
———. “The Purple Question Reinvestigated: Just What Is Really in That Purple Pigment?” In 20th Meeting of Dyes in History and Archaeology. Instituut Collectie Nederland, Amsterdam, 2001.
Korobeinikov, Dimitri. Byzantium  and the Turks in the Thirteenth Century. Oxford Studies in Byzantium. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2014.
Korošec, Viktor. Hethitische Staatsverträge: Ein Beitrag Zu Ihrer Juristischen Wertung. Leipzig: Weicher, 1931.
Kosmetatou, Elizabeth. “The Attalids  of Pergamon.” In A Companion to the Hellenistic World, edited by Andrew Erskine, 159–174. Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World. Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell, 2003.
Kotansky, Roy. “Incantations and Prayers for Salvation on Inscribed Greek Amulets.” In Magika Hiera: Ancient Greek Magic and Religion, edited by Christopher A. Faraone and Dirk Obbink, 107–37. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Koukouli-Chrysanthaki, Chaido. “Colonia Iulia Augusta Philippensis.” In Philippi  at the Time of Paul and after His Death, edited by Charalambos Bakirtzis and Helmut Koester, 5–36. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2009.
———. “Philippi .” In Brill’s Companion to Ancient Macedon: Studies in the Archaeology and History of Macedon, 650 BC - 300 AD, edited by Robin J. Fox and Robin Lane Fox, 437–52. Leiden: Brill, 2011.
Kousser, Rachel Meredith. Hellenistic and Roman Ideal Sculpture: The Allure of the Classical. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Kraabel, A. Thomas. “Impact of the Discovery of the Sardis  Synagogue.” In Sardis from Prehistoric to Roman Times: Results of the Archaeological Exploration of Sardis, 1958-1975, edited by George M. A. Hanfmann, William E. Mierse, and Clive Foss, 178–90. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983.
———. “Judaism in Western Asia Minor under the Roman Empire, with a Preliminary Study of the Jewish  Community in Sardis , Lydia .” Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1968.
———. “Melito  the Bishop and the Synagogue at Sardis : Text and Context.” In Studies Presented to George M. A. Hanfmann, edited by David Gordon Mitten, John Griffiths Pedley, and Jane Ayer Scott, 77–85. Mainz: P. von Zabern, 1971.
———. “The Diaspora  Synagogue: Archaeological and Epigraphic Evidence since Sukenik.” In ANRW, edited by Wolfgang Haase and Hildegard Temporini, 477–510. 2.19. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1979.
———. “The Roman Diaspora : Six Questionable Assumptions.” JJS 33 (1982): 455–64.
Kraabel, A. Thomas, J. Andrew Overman, and Robert S. MacLennan, eds. Diaspora  Jews and Judaism: Essays in Honor Of, and in Dialogue With, A. Thomas Kraabel. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1992.
Kraay, Colin M. Archaic  and Classical Greek Coins . Berkeley, Calf.: University of California Press, 1976.
Kraft, Heinrich. Die Offenbarung Des Johannes. HNT 16a. Tübingen: Siebeck, 1974.
Krauss, Samuel. Talmudische Archäologie. 3 vols. Leipzig: Fock, 1910.
Kraybill, J. Nelson. Apocalypse and Allegiance: Worship, Politics, and Devotion in the Book of Revelation. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Brazos Press, 2010.
———. Imperial Cult and Commerce in John’s Apocalypse. JSNTSup 132. Sheffield, U.K.: Sheffield Academic, 1999.
Kreitzer, Larry J. “Living in the Lycus Valley: Earthquake Imagery in Colossians, Philemon and Ephesians.” In Testimony and Interpretation: Early Christology in Its Judeo-Hellenistic Milieu. Studies in Honor of Petr Pokorný, edited by Jiri Mrázek, Jan Roskovec, and Petr Pokorný, 81–94. JSNTSup 272. New York, N.Y.: Bloomsbury Academic, 2004.
Kreitzer, Larry Joseph. Striking New Images: Roman Imperial Coinage and the New Testament World. JSNTSup 134. Sheffield, U.K.: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996.
Krinzinger, Friedrich. Ephesos: Architecture, Monuments and Sculpture. Edited by Ahmet Ertuğ and Sabine Ladstätter. Istanbul: Ertuğ & Kocabıyık, 2007.
Krodel, Gerhard A. Revelation. ACNT. Minneapolis, Minn.: Augsburg Fortress, 1989.
Kroll, John H. “Greek Inscriptions of the Sardis  Synagogue.” HTR 94 (2001): 5–55.
———. “The Monetary Use of Weighed Bullion in Archaic  Greece .” In The Monetary Systems of the Greeks  and Romans, edited by W. V. Harris, 12–37. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Kumsar, Halil, Ömer Aydan, Celal Şimşek, and Francesco D’Andria. “Historical Earthquakes That Damaged Hierapolis  and Laodikeia  Antique Cities and Their Implications for Earthquake Potential of Denizli  Basin in Western Turkey.” Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, September 10, 2015, 1–18.
Kunze, Max, and Volker Kästner. Der Altar von Pergamon: Hellenistische Und Römische Architektur. 2nd ed. Antikensammlung II: Fuhrer Durch Die Ausstellung Des Pergamon Museums. Berlin: Henschelverlag Kunst und Gesellschaft, 1990.
Kupper, J. R. “Zimri-Lim et Ses Vassaux.” In Marchands, Diplomates et Empereurs: Études Sur La Civilisation Mésopotamienne Offertes À Paul Garelli, edited by Dominique Charpin and Francis Joannès, 179–84. Paris, France: Recherche sur les civilisations, 1991.
Kuttner, Ann L. Dynasty and Empire in the Age of Augustus : The Case of the Boscoreale Cups. Berkeley, Calf.: University of California Press, 1995.
Laale, Hans Willer. Ephesus  (Ephesos): An Abbreviated History from Androclus  to Constantine  XI. Bloomington, Ind.: WestBow, 2011.
Laborde, Leon de. Voyage de l’Asie Mineure Par Mrs Alexandre de Laborde, Becker, Hall, et Leon de Laborde. Paris, France: Firmin Didot, 1838.
Ladd, George Eldon. A Commentary on the Revelation of John. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1972.
———. The Blessed Hope. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1954.
Lafaye, Georges, René Cagnat, J. Toutain, and Victor Henry, eds. Inscriptiones Graecae Ad Res Romanas Pertinentes. 4 vols. Paris: Leroux, 1901.
Lagercrantz, Otto. Papyrus  Graecus Holmiensis. Uppsala, Sweden: Almquist and Wiksells, 1913.
Lähnemann, Johannes. “Die sieben Sendschreiben der Johannes-Apokalypse: Dokumente für die Konfrontation des frühen Christentums mit hellenistisch/römischer Kultur und Religion in Kleinasien.” In Studien Zur Religion Und Kultur Kleinasiens, edited by S. Sahin, E. Schwertheim, and J. Wagner, 516–39. Festschrift Fur Friedrich Karl Dorner Zum 65. Leiden: Brill Academic Pub, 1997.
Lambrecht, Jan. “Jewish  Slander: A Note on Revelation 2:9–10.” ETL 75, no. 4 (1999): 421–29.
———. “Paul’s Farewell-Address at Miletus , Acts 20, 17-38.” In Les Actes Des Apôtres: Traditions, Rédaction, Théologie, edited by Jacob Kremer, 307–37. BETL 48. Gembloux: Duculot, 1979.
———. “‘Synagogues of Satan ’ (Rev. 2:9  and 3:9): Anti-Judaism in the Book of Revelation.” In Anti-Judaism and the Fourth Gospel, edited by Reimund Bieringer, Didier Pollefeyt, and Frederique Vandecasteele-Vanneuville, 279–92. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/Knox, 2001.
———. “The Book of Revelation and Apocalyptic in the New Testament.” In L’Apocalypse Johannique et L’ Apocalyptique Dans Le NouveauTestament, edited by Jan lambrecht, 1–18. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1980.
Lampe, G. W. H., ed. A Patristic Greek Lexicon. 1 edition. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1961.
Lampe, Peter. “Acta 19 Im Spiegel Der Ephesischen Inschriften.” BZ 36 (1992): 59–76.
Landfester, Manfred, and Francis G. Gentry, eds. Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Ancient World New Pauly. Translated by Christine F. Salazar and Francis G. Gentry. 28 vols. Leiden: Brill, 2007.
Lane, Eugene N. Corpvs Monvmentorvm Religionis Dei Menis: Interpretations and Testimonia. Vol. 3. Leiden: Brill, 1976.
———. “Men: A Neglected Cult of Roman Asia Minor.” In ANRW, 2161–74. II.18.3. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1990.
Lane Fox, Robin. Pagans and Christians. New York, N.Y.: HarperCollins, 1988.
Lanfer, Peter T. “Allusion to and Expansion of the Tree of Life and Garden of Eden in Biblical and Pseudepigraphal Literature.” In Early Christian Literature and Intertextuality: Thematic Studies, edited by Craig A. Evans and H. Danny Zacharias, 1:96–108. LNTS. London, U.K.: T&T Clark, 2009.
Langlands, Rebecca. Sexual Morality in Ancient Rome . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Lassus, Alain-Marie de. “Le Septénaire Des Lettres de L’apocalypse de Jean: De La Correction Au Témoignage Militant.” Ph.D. diss., University of Strasbourg, 2005.
Laurence, Ray. The Roads of Roman Italy: Mobility and Cultural Change. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 1999.
Laurence, Ray, and Gareth Sears. The City in the Roman West, C. 250 BC-C. AD 250. Cambridge, Mass.: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Lausberg, Heinrich. Handbook of Literary Rhetoric: A Foundation for Literary Study. Edited by David E. Orton and R. Dean Anderson. Translated by Matthew T. Bliss, Annemiek Jansen, and David E. Orton. Leiden: Brill, 1998.
Laws, Sophie. A Commentary on the Epistle of James. BNTC 13. London, U.K.: A & C Black, 1980.
Le Grys, Alan. “Conflict and Vengeance in the Book of Revelation.” ExpTim 104, no. 3 (1992): 76–80.
Le Quien, Michel. Oriens christianus in quatuor patriarchatus digestus, in quo exhibentur Ecclesiae patriarchae caeterique praesules totius Orientis. 3 vols. Paris: Typographia Regia, 1740.
Leadbetter, W. L. “Libellus of the Decian Persecution.” In NewDocs, edited by G. H. R. Horsley, 2:180–85. Liverpool, U.K.: Liverpool University Press, 1982.
Leake, William Martin. A Supplement to Numismata Hellenica: A Catalogue of Greek Coins . London, U.K.: John Murray, 1859.
Lee, William. “The Revelation of St. John.” In The Holy Bible: With an Explanatory and Critical Commentary and a Revision of the Translation, by Bishops and Other Clergy of the Anglican Church, edited by Frederic Charles Cook, 10:496–844. London, U.K.: Murray, 1881.
LeMaire, André. “Fragments from the Book of Balaam  Found at Deir Alla: Text Foretells Cosmic Disaster.” BAR 11, no. 5 (1985): 26–39.
Lenormant, Françoise. “Sol Elagablus.” RHR 3 (1881): 310.
Lenski, Richard C. H. The Interpretation of St. John’s Revelation. CNT. Minneapolis, Minn.: Augsburg Fortress, 1963.
———. The Interpretation of the Acts of the Apostles. CNT. Minneapolis, Minn.: Augsburg Fortress, 1961.
———. The Interpretation of The Epistle to the Hebrews and The Epistle of James. Minneapolis, Minn.: Augsburg, 1966.
Lepsius, Johann. “Dr. Johann Lepsius on the Symbolic Language of the Apocalypse.” Edited by William M. Ramsay. Translated by H. Ramsay. The Expositor 8, no. 1 (1911): 160–80.
Lethaby, W. R. The Sculptures of the Later Temple of Artemis  at Ephesus . London, U.K.: The Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies, 1913.
———. “The Earlier Temple of Artemis  at Ephesus .” JHS 37 (1917): 1–16.
Levenson, Jon D. Sinai and Zion. New York, N.Y.: HarperOne, 1987.
Leverett, Frederick Percival, ed. Latin Lexicon. Philadelphia , Pa.: Peter Reilly Co., 1931.
Levick, Barbara. Roman Colonies in Southern Asia Minor. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon Press, 1967.
Levine, Lee I. “Synagogues.” In EDEJ, edited by John J. Collins and Daniel  C. Harlow, 1260–71. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2010.
———. The Ancient Synagogue: The First Thousand Years. 2nd ed. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2005.
Lewis, Jack P. “Jamnia (Jabneh), Councel of.” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
———. “What Do We Mean by Jabneh?” JBR 32 (1964): 125–32.
Lewis, Naphtali, and Meyer Reinhold, eds. Roman Civilization. 3rd ed. 2 vols. New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, 1991.
Ley, Anne. “Artemis .” In BrillPauly, 2:145–46. Leiden: Brill, 2007.
Liddell, Henry George, and Robert Scott. An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon. 9th ed. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1889.
LiDonnici, Lynn R. The Epidaurian Miracle Inscriptions. South Florida Studies in the History of Judaism 36. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1995.
———. “The Images of Artemis  Ephesia and Greco-Roman Worship: A Reconsideration.” HTR 85, no. 4 (October 1992): 389–415.
Lieu, Judith M. “Accusations of Jewish  Persecution in Early Christian Sources, with Particular Reference to Justin  Martyr and the Martyrdom of Polycarp .” In Tolerance and Intolerance in Early Judaism and Christianity, edited by Graham N. Stanton and Gedaliahu A. G Stroumsa, 279–95. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Lightfoot, J. B. The Apostolic Fathers (APF). Edited by J. R. Harmer. 2nd ed. London, U.K.: Macmillan, 1898.
Lightfoot, John. Horæ Hebraicæ et Talmudicæ. Translated by Robert Gandell. 4 vols. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1859.
Lightfoot, Joseph B. St. Paul’s Epistle to the Galatians. 6th ed. London, U.K.: MacMillan, 1880.
———. The Apostolic Fathers: Greek Texts and English Translations. Edited by Michael W. Holmes. Translated by J. R. Harmer. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 1989.
Lightfoot, Joseph Barber. Saint Paul’s Epistles to the Colossians and to Philemon. Classic Commentary Library. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1880.
Lilje, Hanns. The Last Book of the Bible: The Meaning of the Revelation of St. John. Translated by Olive Wyon. Philadelphia , Pa.: Muhlenberg, 1957.
Lincoln, Andrew T. Truth on Trial: The Lawsuit Motif in the Fourth Gospel. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2000.
Lindars, Barnabas . New Testament Apologetic: The Doctrinal Significance of the Old Testament Quotations. London, U.K.: SCM, 1973.
———. “Response to Richard Bauckham : The Idiomatic Use of Bar Enasha.” JSNT 23, no. 1 (February 1985): 35–41.
Lindberg, Christine A., Katherine M. Isaacs, and Ruth Handlin Manley, eds. Oxford American Dictionary & Thesaurus. 2nd ed. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, USA, 2009.
Linderski, Jerzy. “Sellisternium.” Edited by Simon Hornblower and Anthony J. S. Spawforth. OCD. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 2003.
Link, Hans-Georg. “λέγχω. Edited and translated by Colin Brown. NIDNTT. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1986.
Lioy, Dan. The Book of Revelation in Christological Focus. Edited by Hemchand Gossai. StBL 58. New York, N.Y.: Peter Lang, 2003.
Littman, R. J., and M. L. Littman. “Galen  and the Antonine Plague.” The American Journal of Philology 94, no. 3 (1973): 243–55.
Liu, Jinyu. Collegia Centonariorum: The Guilds of Textile Dealers in the Roman West. Columbia Studies in the Classical Tradition 34. Brill, 2009.
Loane, Marcus L. They Overcame: An Exposition of the First Three Chapters of Revelation. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1981.
Lohmeyer, Ernst. Die Offenbarung Des Johannes. HNT 16. Tübingen: Siebeck, 1926.
Lohse, Eduard. Die Offenbarung Des Johannes. Das Neue Testament Deutsch 11. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1993.
———. “Synagogue of Satan  and Church of God.” SEÅ 58 (1993): 105–23.
Long, George. “Ephesus .” In Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, edited by William Smith, 833–39. London, U.K.: Murray, 1878.
López, René A. “Israelite Covenants in the Light of Ancient Near Eastern Covenants: Part 1.” CTSJ 9, no. 4 (2003): 92–111.
———. “Israelite Covenants in the Light of Ancient Near Eastern Covenants: Part 2.” CTSJ 10, no. 4 (2004): 72–106.
Lotz, John Paul. “The Homonoia Coins  of Asia Minor and Ephesians 1:21.” TynBul 50, no. 2 (1999): 173–88.
Lövestam, Evald. “Apokalypsen 3:8b.” SEÅ 30 (1965): 91–101.
Lowry, Rich. Admonition and Curse. London, U.K.: T&T Clark, 2004.
Lucas, E. C. “Covenant, Treaty, and Prophecy.” Themelios 8, no. 1 (1982): 19–23.
Luckenbill, Daniel  David. Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylon: Historical Records of Assyria from Sargon to the End. Vol. 2. 2 vols. Chicago, Ill.: University Of Chicago Press, 1927.
Luger, Yehezkel. The Weekday Amidah in the Cairo Genizah  [Hebrew]. Jerusalem , Israel : Orhot, 2002.
Luijendijk, AnneMarie. Greetings in the Lord: Early Christians and the Oxyrhynchus Papyri. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Lunde, Jonathan M. “Repentance.” Edited by Joel B. Green, I. Howard Marshall, and Scot McKnight. DJG. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1992.
Lupieri, Edmundo F. A Commentary on the Apocalypse of John. Translated by Maria Poggi Johnson and Adam Kamesar. Italian Texts and Studies on Religion and Society. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1999.
Lydus , Joannes. Liber de Mensibus. Edited by Richard Wünsch. Leipzig: Teubneri, 1898.
MacDonald, William Graham. Greek Enchiridion: A Concise Handbook of Grammar for Translation and Exegesis. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1986.
Mach, Michael. Entwicklungsstadien Des Jüdischen Engelglaubens in Vorrabbinischer Zeit. TSAJ 34. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1992.
MacKay, W. M. “Another Look at the Nicolaitans .” EQ 45, no. 2 (1973): 111–15.
MacKendrick. The Greek Stones Speak: The Story of Archaeology in Greek Lands. 2nd ed. New York, N.Y.: Norton & Company, 1983.
MacLeod, David J. “The Lion Who Is a Lamb : An Exposition of Revelation 5:1-7.” BSac 164, no. 655 (2007): 323–40.
MacLeod, Donald. “The Lion and the Lamb .” PSB 44, no. 3 (1950): 61–62.
MacMullen, Ramsay. Paganism in the Roman Empire. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1983.
———. Roman Social Relations: 50 BC to AD 284. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1974.
———. “Women in Public in the Roman Empire.” Historia 29 (1980): 208–18.
MacMullen, Ramsay, and Eugene N. Lane, eds. Paganism and Christianity 100-425 C. E.: A Sourcebook. Minneapolis, Minn.: Augsburg Fortress, 1992.
Magie, David. Roman Rule in Asia Minor to the End of the Third Century After Christ. Edited by T. James Luce. 2 vols. Roman History. New York, N.Y.: Arno, 1975.
Magness, Jodi. “The Date of the Sardis  Synagogue in Light of the Numismatic Evidence.” AJA 109 (2005): 443–75.
Malay, Hasan. Researches in Lydia , Mysia  and Aiolis. Tituli Asiae  Minoris, Supplement 23. Vienna: Öterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1999.
———. “The Sanctuary of Meter  Phileis near Philadelphia .” EA 6 (1985): 111–26.
———. “Φιλάνπελοι in Phrygia  and Lydia .” EA 38 (2005): 42–44.
Malina, Bruce J. On the Genre and Message of Revelation: Star Visions and Sky Journeys. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1995.
———. The Palestinian Manna Tradition: The Manna Tradition in the Palestinian Targums and its Relationship to the New Testament Writings. AGSU 7. Leiden: Brill, 1968.
———. “Wealth and Poverty in the New Testament and Its World.” Interpretation 41 (1987): 356–67.
Malina, Bruce J., and Jerome  H. Neyrey. “Honor and Shame in Luke-Acts: Pivotal Values of the Mediterranean World.” In The Social World of Luke-Acts: Models for Interpretation, edited by Jerome H. Neyrey, 25–66. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 1999.
Malina, Bruce J., and John J. Pilch, eds. Handbook of Biblical Social Values. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2009.
Mallet, Robert, and John William Mallet. The Earthquake Catalogue of the British Association: With the Discussion, Curves, and Maps, Etc. British Association for the Advancement of Science. London, U.K.: Taylor & Francis, 1858.
Mallowan, Max. “Cyrus  the Great.” Iran 10 (1972): 1–17.
Mango, Andrew. Ataturk: The Biography of the Founder of Modern Turkey. Woodstock, N.Y.: The Overlook Press, 2002.
Manz, Beatrice Forbes. The Rise and Rule of Tamerlane . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Marcellinus . Comes: Chronicon. Edited by Jacques Paul Migne. Patrologia Latina 51. Paris, France, 1861.
Markschies, Christoph. “‘Sessio Ad Dexteram’: Bemerkungen Zu Einem Altchristlichen Bekenntnismotiv in Der Christologischen Diskussion Der Altkirchlichen Theologen.” In Le Trône de Dieu, edited by M. Philonenko, 252–317. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 1993.
Marshall, I. Howard, Alan R. Millard, James I. Packer, and Donald J. Wiseman, eds. New Bible Dictionary. 3rd ed. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1996.
Marshall, I. Howard. “Son of Man.” Edited by Joel B. Green, Scot McKnight, and I. Howard Marshall. DJG. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1992.
Marshall, John W. “Columna.” In DGRA, edited by William Smith, 1:489-96. London, U.K.: Murray, 1890.
———. Parables of War: Reading John’s Jewish  Apocalypse. Edited by Peter Richardson. SCJS 10. Waterloo, Ont.: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2001.
Martin, Hugh. The Seven Letters: Christ’s Message to His Church. Philadelphia , Pa.: Westminster, 1956.
Martin, Ralph P. Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon. Interpretation. Atlanta, Ga.: Westminster John Knox Press, 1991.
Martin, Ralph P., and Peter H. Davids, eds. Dictionary of the Later New Testament and Its Developments. IVPBD. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1997.
Martínez, Florentino García, and W. G. E. Watson. The Dead Sea Scrolls  Translated: The Qumran Texts in English. 2nd ed. Leiden: Brill Academic, 1997.
Mason, Steve. “Jews, Judeans, Judaizing, Judaism: Problems of Categorization in Ancient History.” JSJ 38 (2007): 457–512.
Mathews, Mark D. “The Function of Imputed Speech in the Apocalypse of John.” CBQ 74, no. 2 (2012): 319–38.
Mathewson, David. “Revelation in Recent Genre Criticism: Some Implications for Interpretation.” TJ 13 (1992): 193–213.
Matoïan, Valérie, and Juan-Pablo Vita. “Wool Production and Economy at Ugarit.” In Wool Economy in the Ancient Near East, edited by Catherine Breniquet and Cécile Michel, 310–39. Oxford, U.K.: Oxbow Books, 2014.
Mattern, Susan P. The Prince of Medicine: Galen  in the Roman Empire. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Mattingly, Harold B., and Edward Allen Sydenham, eds. The Roman Imperial Coinage: Vespasian  to Hadrian  (69–138). Vol. 2. 13 vols. London, U.K.: Spink & Son, 1926.
Mayo, Philip L. Those Who Call Themselves Jews: The Church and Judaism in the Apocalypse of John. PTMS 60. Eugene, Oreg.: Pickwick, 2006.
Mayor, Adrienne. The Amazons : Lives and Legends of Warrior Women across the Ancient World. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2014.
———. The Poison King: The Life and Legend of Mithradates, Rome ’s Deadliest Enemy. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2011.
Mayor, Joseph B. The Epistle of Saint James. 3rd ed. Minneapolis, Minn.: Klock & Klock, 1977.
Mazzaferri, Frederick David. The Genre of the Book of Revelation from a Source Critical Perspective. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1989.
———. “Μartyria Iesou Revisited.” BT 39, no. 1 (1988): 114–22.
McCabe, Donald F. Smyrna  Inscriptions: Texts and List. Edited by Tad Brennan and R. Neil Elliott. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Institute for Advanced Study, 1988.
McCarter Jr., P. Kyle. “The Balaam  Texts from Deir ’Alla: The First Combination.” BASOR 239 (1980): 49–60.
McCarthy, Dennis J. Treaty and Covenant: A Study in the Ancient Oriental Documents and in the Old Testament. AnBib 21. Rome : Biblical Institute, 1981.
McDonagh, Bernard. Blue Guide: Turkey. 3rd ed. London, U.K.: A & C Black, 2001.
McGing, Brian C. The Foreign Policy of Mithridates  VI Eupator, King of Pontus. Leiden: Brill, 1986.
McGinn, Thomas A. J. Prostitution, Sexuality, and the Law in Ancient Rome . Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2003.
———. The Economy of Prostitution in the Roman World: A Study of Social History and the Brothel. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press, 2004.
McGovern, Patrick E., J. Lazar, and R. H. Michel. “Caveats on the Analysis of Indigoid Dyes by Mass Spectrometry.” Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists 107 (1991): 2801.
———. “The Chemical Composition of the Indigoid Dyes Derived from the Hypobranchial Glandular Secretions of Murex Mollusks.” Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists 108, no. 3 (1992): 145–50.
McGovern, Patrick E., and R. H. Michel. “Royal Purple Dye: The Chemical Reconstruction of the Ancient Mediterranean Industry.” Accounts of Chemical Research 23 (1990): 152–58.
———. “Royal Purple Dye: Tracing Chemical Origins of the Industry.” Analytical Chemistry 57 (1985): 1514–22.
McKeating, H. “Sanctions Against Adultery in Ancient Israelite Society, with Some Reflections on Methodology in the Study of Old Testament Ethics.” JSOT 11 (1979): 57–72.
McKechnie, Paul. “Roman Law and the Laws of the Medes and Persians : Decius’ and Valerian’s Persecutions of Christianity.” In Thinking Like a Lawyer: Essays on Legal History and General History for John Crook on His Eightieth Birthday, edited by J. A. Crook and Paul McKechnie, 253–69. Mnemosyne, Bibliotheca Classica Batava Supplementum 231. Leiden: Brill Academic, 2002.
McMahon, Gregory , and Sharon R. Steadman, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2011.
McRay, John. Archaeology and the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1991.
Meeks, Wayne A. The First Urban Christians: The Social World of the Apostle Paul. 2nd ed. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2003.
Meiggs, Russell. Roman Ostia. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon Press, 1973.
Meinardus, Otto F. A. St. John of Patmos  and the Seven Churches of the Apocalypse. In the Footsteps of the Saints. New York, N.Y.: Caratzas, 1979.
———. St. Paul in Ephesus  and the Cities of Galatia and Cyprus. In the Footsteps of the Saints. New Rochelle, N.Y.: Caratzas, 1979.
———. “The Christian Remains of the Seven Churches of the Apocalypse.” BA 37, no. 3 (September 1, 1974): 69–82.
Mellink, Machteld J. “Archaeology in Asia Minor.” AJA 81, no. 3 (1977): 289–321.
Mellor, Ronald. “The Dedications on the Capitoline Hill.” Chiron 8 (1978): 319–30.
———. Thea Rhōmē: The Worship of the Goddess Roma  in the Greek World. Hypomnemata 42. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1975.
Mendenhall, George E. “Covenant.” Edited by G. A. Buttrick and Keith R. Crim. IDB. Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon, 1962, 1:1179–1202.
———. “Covenant Forms in Israelite Tradition.” BA 17 (1954): 50–76.
Mendenhall, George E. Law and Covenant in Israel  and the Ancient Near East. Pittsburgh: Biblical Colloquium, 1955.
Mendenhall, George E., and Gary A. Herion. “Covenant.” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
Meriç, Recep. “1985 Yılı Alaşehir  Kazı Çalışmaları.” KST 8, no. 2 (1986): 259–71.
———. “1986 Yılı Alaşehir  Kazıs Raporu.” KST 9, no. 2 (1987): 243–52.
———. “1987 Yılı Alaşehir  Kazısı.” KST 10, no. 1 (1989): 157–70.
———. “1988 Yılı Alaşehir  Kazısı.” KST 11, no. 1 (1990): 179–90.
———. “1990 Yılı Alaşehir  Kazısı.” KST 13, no. 1 (1992): 227–35.
———. “1991 Yılı Alaşehir  Kazısı.” KST 14, no. 2 (1993): 335–63.
Merkelbach, Reinhold. “Der Griechische Wortchatz Und Die Christen.” ZPE 18 (1975): 108–36.
Meshorer, Ya ʻakov. Jewish  Coins  of the Second Temple Period. Tel Aviv, Israel : Am Hassefer and Masada , 1967.
Metcalf, William E., ed. The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Metzger, Bruce M. A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament. 2nd ed. Stuttgart, Germany: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2002.
———. Breaking the Code: Understanding the Book of Revelation. Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon, 1999.
Meyer, Eduard. “Die Makedonischen Militärcolonien.” Hermes 33, no. 4 (1898): 643–47.
Meyers, Carol L. “Jachin and Boaz in Religious and Political Perspective.” CBQ 45 (1983): 167–78.
Meyers, Eric M., ed. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East. 5 vols. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Michaelis, Adolf. Ancient Marbles in Great Britain. Translated by Charles Augustus  Maude Fennell. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1882.
Michaelis, Wilhelm. “Σμύρνα.” Edited by Gerhard Kittel and Gerhard Friedrich. Translated by Geoffrey W. Bromiley. TDNT. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1985.
Michaels, J. Ramsey. Interpreting the Book of Revelation. Guides to New Testament Exegesis. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1992.
———. Revelation. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1997.
Michl, Johann. “Engel I–IX.” RAC 5 (1962): 53–258.
Mierse, William E. “Artemis  Sanctuary.” In Sardis  from Prehistoric to Roman Times: Results of the Archaeological Exploration of Sardis, 1958-1975, edited by George M. A. Hanfmann, William E. Mierse, and Clive Foss, 119–21. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983.
Millard, Allen R. Reading and Writing in the Time of Jesus. New York, N.Y.: Continuum International, 2004.
———. “The Tablets in the Ark.” In Reading the Law: Studies in Honour of Gordon J. Wenham, edited by J. Gordon McConville and Karl Möller, 254–66. LHSOT 461. New York, N.Y.: T&T Clark, 2007.
Miller, John F. “Roman Festivals.” In OEAGR, edited by Michael Gagarin, 3:172. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Milne, Joseph Grafton. The Silver Coinage of Smyrna . London, U.K.: Taylor & Walton, 1914.
Minear, Paul S. I Saw a New Earth: An Introduction to the Visions of the Apocalypse. Washington, D.C.: Corpus Books, 1968.
Mitchell, Stephen. Anatolia: Land, Men, and Gods in Asia Minor. 2 vols. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon Press, 1995.
———. “Archaeology in Asia Minor, 1985–1989.” Archaeological Reports, no. 36 (1990): 83–131.
Mitchell, Stephen, William M. Calder, and Eric William Gray. “Asia, Roman Province.” Edited by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth. OCD. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 2003.
Mitchell, T. C. Biblical Archaeology: Documents from the British Museum . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
Mitsopoulos-Leon, Veronika. Die Basilika Am Staatsmarkt in Ephesos – Kleinfunde. 1. Teil: Keramik Hellenistischer Und Römischer Zeit. FiE, 9.2.2. Wien: Schindler, 1991.
Mitten, David Gordon. “A New Look at Ancient Sardis .” BA 29, no. 2 (1966): 38–68.
Modeste, Rakoto E. “Unity of the Letters and Visions in the Revelation of John.” Ph.D. diss., Lutheran School of Theology, 1991.
Moffatt, James. The Revelation of St. John the Divine. Edited by W. Robertson Nicoll. Vol. 5. 5 vols. EGT. London, U.K.: Hodder & Stoughton, 1910.
Montague, George T. The Apocalypse: Understanding the Book of Revelation and the End of the World. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Servant, 1992.
Morenz, Siegfried. Egyptian Religion. Translated by Ann E. Keep. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1992.
Moretti, Luigi. Iscrizioni agonistiche greche. SPDI 12. Rome : Angelo Signorelli, 1953.
Morris, Leon L. Revelation. Downers Grove, Ill.: Intervarsity, 2007.
———. The Revelation of St. John. TNTC 20. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1975.
Moule, C. F. D. “The Judgment Them in the Sacraments.” In The Background of the New Testament and Its Eschatology, edited by William David Davies and D. Daube, 464–81. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Moulton, James H. A Grammar of New Testament Greek, Volume 3: Syntax. Edinburgh, U.K.: Clarke, 1963.
———. “It Is His Angel.” JTS 3, no. 12 (1902): 514–22.
Moulton, James H., and George Milligan. Vocabulary of the Greek Testament. London, U.K.: Hodder & Stoughton, 1930.
Mounce, Robert H. The Book of Revelation. Revised. NICNT 17. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1997.
Mounce, Robert H. What Are We Waiting For?: A Commentary on Revelation. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2004.
Moyise, Steve. “Does the Author of Revelation Misappropriate the Scriptures?” AUSS 40, no. 1 (2002): 3–21.
———. “The Language of the Old Testament in the Apocalypse.” JSNT 22, no. 76 (2000): 97–113.
———. The Old Testament in the Book of Revelation. JSNTSup 115. Sheffield, U.K.: Sheffield Academic, 1995.
Moyle, J. B. “Civitas.” In DGRA, edited by William Smith, 1:441-50. London, U.K.: Murray, 1890.
Mueller, J. T. “Adultery.” Edited by Walter A. Elwell. EDT. Baker Reference Library. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, May 1, 2001.
Mueller, Theodore. “The Word of My Patience in Revelation 3:10.” CTQ 46, no. 2–3 (1982): 231–34.
Muir, Steven. “Religion on the Road in Ancient Greece  and Rome .” In Travel and Religion in Antiquity, edited by Philip A. Harland, 29–48. ESCJ 21. Waterloo, Ont.: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2011.
Mulholland, M. Robert. Revelation: Holy Living in an Unholy World. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Asbury, 1990.
Müller, D., L. Coenen, and H. Bietenhard. “Beginning, Origin, Rule, Ruler, Originator.” Edited by Colin Brown. NIDNTT. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1976.
Müller, Helmut. “Ein Neues Hellenistisches Weihepigramm Aus Pergamon.” Chiron 19 (1989): 499–553.
Müller, Karl, Theodor Müller, and Victor Langlois. Fragmenta historicorum graecorum. Paris, France: Ambrosio Firmin Didot, 1841.
Müller, Ulrich B. Die Offenbarung Des Johannes. ÖTKNT 19. Gütersloh: Mohn, 1984.
———. Prophetie Und Predigt Im Neuen Testament: Formgeschichtliche Untersuchungen Zur Urchristlichen Prophetie. SNT 10. Gütersloh: Mohn, 1975.
———. Zur Frühchristlichen Theologiegeschichte. Judenchristentum Und Paulinismus in Kleinasien an Der Wende Vom Ersten Zum Zweiten Jahrhundert Nach Christus. Gütersloh: Mohn, 1976.
Mullin, Redmond. The Wealth of Christians. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1984.
Mundell, Robert A. The Birth of Coinage. New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, 2002.
Munn, Mark Henderson. The Mother of the Gods, Athens , and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion. The Joan Palevsky Imprint in Classical Literature. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.
Murphy, Frederick J. Fallen Is Babylon: The Revelation to John. NTCC. Harrisburg, Pa.: Trinity , 1998.
Murphy-O’Connor, Jerome . St. Paul’s Ephesus : Texts and Archaeology. Minneapolis, Minn.: Liturgical, 2008.
Muse, Robert L. “Revelation 2–3: A Critical Analysis of Seven Prophetic Messages.” JETS 29, no. 2 (1986): 147–61.
Muss, Ulrike. “The Artemision  at Ephesos: From Paganism to Christianity.” In Mustafa Büyükkolancı’ya Armağan: Essays in Honour of Mustafa Büyükkolancı, edited by Celal Şimşek, Bahadır Duman, and Erim Konakçi, 413–22. Istanbul: Yayinlari, 2015.
Mussies, Gerard. “Artemis .” In Dictionary of Deities  and Demons in the Bible, edited by Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, and Pieter Willem van der Horst, 2nd ed., 91–97. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1999.
———. “Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Ephesus .” In Studies on the Hellenistic Background of the New Testament, edited by Pieter Wilhelm van der Horst and Gerard Mussies, 177–94. Utrechtse Theologische Reeks 10. Utrecht: Theological Faculty Utrecht University, 1990.
———. The Morphology of Koine Greek, As Used in the Apocalypse of St. John: A Study in Bilingualism. NovTSup 27. Leiden: Brill, 1971.
Musurillo, Hebert, ed. The Acts of the Christian Martyrs. Translated by Hebert Musurillo. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1972.
Mykytiuk, Lawrence J. Identifying Biblical Persons in Northwest Semitic Inscriptions of 1200-539 B.C.E. SBL Academia Biblica 12. Atlanta, Ga.: SBL, 2004.
Nagy, Gregory . “The Library of Pergamon as a Classical Model.” In Pergamon-Citadel of the Gods: Archaeological Record, Literary Description, and Religious Development, edited by Helmut Koester, 185–232. HTS 46. Harrisburg, Pa.: Trinity  Press International, 1998.
Naimark, Norman M. Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002.
Nash, Ronald H. Christianity and the Hellenistic World. BSCS. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1984.
Naveh, Joseph. “The Date of the Deir ‘Alla  Inscription in Aramaic Script.” IEJ 17 (1967): 236–38.
Naylor, Michael. “The Roman Imperial Cult and Revelation.” CBR 8, no. 2 (2010): 207–39.
Netzer, Ehud. “The Last Days and Hours at Masada .” BAR 17, no. 6 (1991): 20–32.
Newell, Edward Theodore. The Pergamene Mint Under Philetaerus . 76. New York, N.Y.: American Numismatic Society, 1936.
Newell, William R. The Book of the Revelation. Chicago, Ill.: Grace, 1941.
Newman, Barclay Moon. Rediscovering the Book of Revelation. Valley Forge, Penn.: Judson, 1968.
Newton, Charles Thomas. The Collection of Ancient Greek Inscriptions in the British Museum . Edited by E. L. Hicks. 5 vols. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1874.
Ngangbam, Ajit Kumar, Daniel  L.E. Waters, Steve Whalan, Abdul Baten, and Kirsten Benkendorff. “Indole-Producing Bacteria from the Biosynthetic Organs of a Muricid Mollusc Could Contribute to Tyrian Purple  Production.” Journal of Shellfish Research 34, no. 2 (2015): 443–54.
Nichols, Andrew. “The Complete Fragments of Ctesias  of Cnidus: Translation and Commentary with an Introduction.” Ph. D. diss., University of Florida, 2008.
Nicholson, Ernest W. God and His People: Covenant and Theology in the Old Testament. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1988.
Nielsen, Harald. Ancient Ophthalmological Agents: A Pharmaco-Historical Study of the Collyria and Seals for Collyria Used during Roman Antiquity, as Well as of the Most Frequent Components of the Collyria. Translated by Lars McBride. Acta Historica Scientiarum Naturalium et Medicinalium 31. Odense, Denmark: Odense University Press, 1974.
Nielsen, Kirsten. Yahweh  as Prosecutor and Judge: An Investigation of the Prophetic Lawsuit (Rîb-Pattern). Sheffield, U.K.: University of Sheffield, 1978.
Nielsen, Marjatta. “Diana  Efesia Multimammmia: The Metamorphoses of a Pagan Goddess from the Renaissance to the Age of Neo-Classicism.” In From Artemis  to Diana: The Goddess of Man and Beast, edited by Tobias Fischer-Hansen and Birte Poulsen, 455–96. AH 12. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum, 2009.
Nilsson, Martin Persson. Geschichte Der Griechischen Religion. 2nd ed. 2 vols. Handbuch Der Altertumswissenschaft, 5.2. Munich: Beck, 1955.
Nobbs, Alanna M. “Christians in a Pluralistic Society: Papyrus  Evidence from the Roman Empire.” International Journal of New Perspectives in Christianity 1, no. 1.7 (2009): 51–55.
Nogueira, Paulo Augusto de Souza. “Celestial Worship and Ecstatic-Visionary Experience.” Translated by Leslie Milton. JSNT 25, no. 2 (2002): 165–84.
Nutton, Vivian. “Demosthenes  Philalethes  Physician.” In BrillPaulyA, edited by Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider, translated by Christine F. Salazar and Francis G. Gentry, 4:297–98. Leiden: Brill, 2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e315480.
———. “Healers in the Medical Market Place: Towards a Social History of Graeco-Roman  Medicine.” In Medicine in Society: Historical Essays, edited by Andrew Wear, 15–58. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
———. “The Chronology of Galen ’s Early Career.” CQ 23, no. 1 (1973): 158–71.
———. “The Drug Trade in Antiquity.” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 78 (1985): 138–45.
———. “The Medical Profession in the Roman Empire from Augustus  to Justinian.” Ph.D. diss., University of Cambridge, 1970.
———. “Theodas.” In BrillPaulyA, edited by Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider, translated by Christine F. Salazar and Francis G. Gentry. Leiden: Brill, 2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1207730.
O’Brien, Peter T. Colossians, Philemon. WBC 44. Waco, Tex.: Thomas Nelson, 1982.
Ochsenwald, William, and Sydney Nettleton Fisher. The Middle East: A History. 7th ed. Boston, Mass.: McGraw-Hill, 2010.
Oden, Amy G., ed. And You Welcomed Me: A Sourcebook on Hospitality in Early Christianity. Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon, 2002.
Oesterley, W. O. E., and T. H. Robinson. A History of Israel . Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1932.
Old, Hughes Oliphant. The Shaping of the Reformed Baptismal Rite in the Sixteenth-Century. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2001.
O’Neal, William J. “Delation in the Early Empire.” CB 55 (1978): 24–28.
Onstad, Esther. Courage for Today, Hope for Tomorrow: A Study of the Revelation. Minneapolis, Minn.: Augsburg, 1993.
Oppenheim, A. Leo. Assyrian  Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. 21 vols. Chicago, Ill.: University Of Chicago Press, 1977.
Oppenheim, A. Leo, Ignace J. Gelb, Thorkild Jacobsen, and Benno Landsberger, eds. The Assyrian  Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago: H [Het]. Vol. 6. 21 vols. Chicago, Ill.: University Of Chicago Press, 1956.
O’Rourke, John J. “Roman Law and the Early Church.” In The Catacombs and the Colosseum: The Roman Empire as the Setting of Primitive Christianity, edited by Stephen Benko and John J. O’Rourke, 165–86. Valley Forge, Penn.: Judson, 1971.
Osborne, Grant R. Revelation. BECNT. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2002.
Oster, Richard. A Bibliography of Ancient Ephesus . Dorst: Scarecrow, 1987.
Oster, Richard E. “Ephesus  as a Religious Center Under the Principate, I: Paganism Before Constantine .” ANRW 18, no. 3 (1990): 1661–1728.
———. “Ephesus  (Place).” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
———. “The Ephesian Artemis  as an Opponent of Early Christianity.” JAC 19 (1976): 24–44.
Osterloh, Kevin Lee. “Judea , Rome  and the Hellenistic Oikoumene: Emulation and the Reinvention of Communal Identity.” In Heresy and Identity in Late Antiquity, edited by Eduard Iricinschi and Holger M. Zellentin, 168–206. Texts and Studies in Ancient Judaism 119. Mohr Siebeck, 2008.
Otto, Walter Friedrich. Dionysus : Myth and Cult. Translated by Robert B. Palmer. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 1965.
Otzen, Benedikt. “The Paradise Trees in Jewish  Apocalyptic.” In Apocryphon Severini: Presented to Søren Giversen, edited by Pia Guldager Bilde, H. K. Nielsen, and J. Podemann Sørensen, 140–54. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press, 1993.
Palmer, Earl F. 1, 2, 3 John; Revelation. Atlanta, Ga.: Nelson, 1982.
Pardee, Dennis. Handbook of Ancient Hebrew Letters. SBLSBS 15. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1982.
Parez, C. H. “The Seven Letters and the Rest of the Apocalypse.” JTS 12, no. 46 (1911): 284–86.
Park, Hyung Dae. Finding Herem?: A Study of Luke-Acts in the Light of Herem. Edited by Mark Goodacre. 1st ed. LNTS 357. London, U.K.: T&T Clark, 2007.
Parkes, James William. The Conflict of the Church and the Synagogue: A Study in the Origins of Antisemitism. New York, N.Y.: Meridian, 1964.
Parpola, Simo, and Kazuko Watanabe. Neo-Assyrian  Treaties and Loyalty Oaths. State Archives of Assyria 2. Helsinki, Finland: Helsinki University Press, 1988.
Paton, James Morton. The Erechtheum: Measured, Drawn, and Restored. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1927.
Paul, Shalom M. “Heavenly Tablets and the Book of Life.” JANES 5 (1973): 345–53.
Pauly, August Friedrich. Realencyclopädie Der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft. Edited by Georg Wissowa and S. Kroll. 50 in 84 parts vols. Stuttgart: Metzler & Druckenmüller, 1894.
Pausanias . Guide to Greece , Vol. 1: Central Greece. Translated by Peter Levi. Harmondsworth: Penguin Classics, 1984.
Payne, J. Barton. The Imminent Appearing Of Christ. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1962.
Peake, Arthur S. The Revelation of John. London, U.K.: Johnson, 1919.
Pearcy, Lee T. “Galen ’s Pergamum .” Archaeology 38, no. 6 (1988): 33–39.
Peck, Harry Thurston. Harper’s Dictionary of Classical Literature and Antiquities. New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, 1898.
Pedley, John Griffiths. Ancient Literary Sources on Sardis . ASES. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972.
———. Sardis  in the Age of Croesus . 2nd ed. Centers of Civilization Series. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2000.
Pedrini, Lura Nancy, and Duilio Thomas Pedrini. Serpent Imagery and Symbolism: A Study of the Major English Romantic Poets. New Haven, Conn.: College and University Press, 1966.
Peek, Werner. “Die Hydrophore Vera von Patmos .” Rheinisches Museum Für Philologie, 1964, 315–25.
Perry, Jonathan S. “Sub-Elites.” In A Companion to Roman Italy, edited by Alison E. Cooley, 498–512. Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World. New York, N.Y.: John Wiley & Sons, 2016.
Peters, Francis E. The Harvest of Hellenism : A History of the Near East from Alexander the Great  to the Triumph of Christianity. New York, N.Y.: Barnes & Noble, 1996.
Petovium, Victorinus  of, Apringius of Beja, Caesarius of Arles, Bede the Venerable, Thomas C. Oden, and Gerald L. Bray. Latin Commentaries on Revelation. Translated by William C. Weinrich. Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP Academic, 2011.
Pétridès, Sophron. “Philadelphia .” Edited by Thomas Carson. CE. Detroit, Mich.: Gale, 1913.
Petsalis-Diomidis, Alexia. Truly Beyond Wonders: Aelius Aristides  and the Cult of Asklepios. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Petzl, Georg. Die Inschriften von Smyrna . Vol. 1. 2 vols. AÖAW 23–24. Bonn: Habelt, 1982.
———. Tituli Lydiae Linguis Graeca et Latina Conscripti: Fasciculus III, Philadelpheia et Ager Philadelphenus. TAM, 5/3. Vienna: Östereichishen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2007.
Pfeiffer, Charles F., ed. The Biblical World: A Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology. Nashville, Tenn.: Broadman, 1976.
———, ed. Wycliffe Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2000.
Pfleiderer, Otto. Primitive Christianity: Its Writings and Teachings in Their Historical Connections. Translated by W. Montgomery. 3 vols. London, U.K.: Williams & Norgate, 1910.
Pharr, Clyde. The Theodosian Code and Novels, and the Sirmondian Constitutions. Union, N.J.: The Lawbook Exchange, 2001.
Piccardi, Luigi. “The AD 60 Denizli  Basin Earthquake and the Apparition of Archangel Michael at Colossae (Aegean Turkey).” In Myth and Geology, edited by W. Bruce Masse and Luigi Piccardi, 95–105. Special Publications 273. London: Geological Society, 2007.
Pick, Behrendt. “Die Neokorie-Tempel von Pergamon Und Der Asklepios Des Phyromachos.” In Festschrift. Walther Judeich, Zum 70. Geburtstag, Überreicht von Jenner Freunden. Weimar: Hermann Boehlaus, 1929.
Pietrogrande, A. Luigi, and Giovanni Becatti, eds. Le Fulloniche. Scavi Ostia 8. Rome : Istituto Poligrafico Dello Stato, Libreria Dello Stato, 1976.
Pilch, John J. “Lying and Deceit in the Letters to the Seven Churches: Perspectives from Cultural Anthropology.” Biblical Theology Bulletin 22, no. 3 (1992): 126–35.
Pilhofer, Peter. “The Early Christian Community of Smyrna —Smyrna in the New Testament and Beyond.” In Paper Presented at the First International Symposium on Ancient Smyrna. Izmir , Turkey, 2003.
Pirot, Louis, André Robert, Jacques Briend, and Édouard Cothenet, eds. Dictionnaire de la Bible: Supplément. Paris: Létouzey et Ané éditeurs, 1928.
Pleket, Harry W. “Models and Inscriptions: Export of Textiles in the Roman Empire.” EA 30 (1998): 117–28.
Plumptre, Edward Hayes. A Popular Exposition of the Epistles to the Seven Churches of Asia. 2nd ed. London, U.K.: Hodder & Stoughton, 1887.
Pollard, Leslie N. “The Function of Loipos in Contexts of Judgment and Salvation in the Book of Revelation.” Ph.D., Andrews University, 2007.
———. “The Function of Λοιπός in the Letter to Thyatira .” AUSS 46, no. 1 (2008): 45–63.
Portefaix, Lilian. “The Image of Artemis  Ephesia - A Symbolic Configuration Related to Her Mysteries?” In 100 Jahre Österreichische Forschunge in Ephesos, edited by Herwig Friesinger and Friedrich Krinzinger, 611–17. Archäologische Forschungen 1. Wien: VÖAW, 1999.
Porter, H. “Money.” Edited by Geoffrey W. Bromiley. ISBE. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1995.
Porter, Stanley E. Verbal Aspect in the Greek of the New Testament, with Reference to Tense and Mood. 3rd ed. Studies in Biblical Greek. New York, N.Y.: Peter Lang, 2003.
———. “Why the Laodiceans Received Lukewarm Water (Rev 3:15–18 ).” TynBul 38 (1987): 143–49.
Potter, David S. “Persecution of the Early Church.” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
———. “Smyrna .” Edited by David Noel Freedman. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
Praschniker, E., F. Miltner, and H. Gerstinger. Das Coemeterium Der Sieben Schläfer. FiE, 4.2. Baden: Rohrer, 1937.
Prévost, Jean Pierre. How to Read the Apocalypse. Translated by John Bowden and Margaret Lydamore. The Crossroad Adult Christian Formation. New York, N.Y.: Crossroad, 1993.
Price, Martin J., and Bluma L. Trell. Coins  and Their Cities: Architecture on the Ancient Coins  of Greece , Rome , and Palestine. Detroit, Mich.: Wayne State University Press, 1977.
Price, Richard, and Michael Gaddis. The Acts of the Council of Chalcedon . Translated Texts for Historians 45. Liverpool, U.K.: Liverpool University Press, 2005.
Price, S. R. F. Rituals and Power: The Roman Imperial Cult in Asia Minor. Reprint. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1985.
Prigent, Pierre. Apocalypse et Liturgie. Cahiers Théologiques 52. Lausanne: Delachaux et Niestlé, 1964.
———. Commentary on the Apocalypse of St. John. Translated by Wendy Pradels. Tübingen: Siebeck, 2004.
———. L’Apocalypse de saint Jean. Commentaire du Nouveau Testament. Lausanne: Delachaux et Niestlé, 1981.
Pritchard, James Bennett. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament with Supplement. 3rd ed. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1969.
Pryce, Frederick Norman, Pierre Briant, Anthony J. S. Spawforth, and J. Linderski. “Altar.” Edited by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth. OCD. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 2003.
Quek, Tze-Ming. “‘I Will Give Authority over the Nations’: Psalm 2.8–9 in Revelation 2.26–27.” In Early Christian Literature and Intertextuality: Exegetical Studies, edited by Craig A. Evans and H. Daniel  Zacharias, 2:175–87. New York, N.Y.: T&T Clark, 2009.
Rad, Gerhard von. Old Testament Theology. 2 vols. New York, N.Y.: Harper & Row, 1962.
———. Theologie Des Alten Testaments. 6th ed. 2 vols. Munich: Auflage, 1975.
Radet, Georges. Cybébé; Étude Sur Les Transformations Plastiques D’un Type Divin. Bibliothèque Des Universités Du Midi 13. Bordeaux, France: Feret & Fils, 1909.
———. “Sur Quelques Points de L’histoire Des Séleucides.” In Revue de Philologie, de Littérature et D’histoire Anciennes, edited by E. Chatelain, L. Ouvau, and B. Haussoullier, 17:56–62. Paris, France: Klincksieck, 1893.
Radt, Wolfgang. Pergamon: Geschichte Und Bauten Einer Antiken Metropole. Darmstadt: Primus Verlag, 1999.
Radwin, George E., and Anthony D’Attilio. Murex Shells of the World: An Illustrated Guide to the Muricidae . Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1976.
Ragette, Friedrich. Baalbek. Park Ridge, N.J.: Noyes, 1981.
Rainey, Anson F. “A Rejoinder to the Eliakim  Nacar Yokan Seal Impressions.” BA 54, no. 1 (1991): 61.
Räisänen, Heikki. “The Nicolaitans : Apoc. 2; Acts 6.” ANRW II, 26.2 (1996): 1602–44.
Rakicic, Mark. “The Bees of Ephesos.” The Celator 8, no. 12 (1994): 6–12.
Ramage, Andrew. “Golden Sardis .” In King Croesus ’ Gold: Excavations at Sardis and the History of Gold Refining, edited by Andrew Ramage and Paul T. Craddock, 14–26. AESM 11. Cambridge, Mass.: British Museum  Press, 2000.
———. “The Excavations and Finds.” In King Croesus ’ Gold: Excavations at Sardis  and the History of Gold Refining, edited by Andrew Ramage and Paul T. Craddock, 14–26. AESM 11. Cambridge, Mass.: British Museum  Press, 2000.
Ramage, Andrew, and Paul T. Craddock, eds. King Croesus ’ Gold: Excavations at Sardis  and the History of Gold Refining. AESM 11. Cambridge, Mass.: British Museum  Press, 2000.
Ramage, Andrew, Crawford H. Greenewalt, Jr., and Faruk Akca. “The Fourteenth Campaign at Sardis  (1971).” BASOR, no. 206 (1972): 9–39.
Ramsay, William M. Cities and Bishoprics of Phrygia . 2 vols. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1895.
———. “Exploration of Asia Minor: As Bearing on the Historical Trustworthiness of the New Testament.” JTVI, 1907, 200–217.
———. “Laodicea .” In DBib, edited by James Hastings, Frederick C. Grant, and Harold. H. Rowley, 3:44–45. New York, N.Y.: Scribner’s Sons, 1909.
———. “Pergamus or Pergamum .” In DBib, edited by James Hastings, Frederick C. Grant, and Harold. H. Rowley, 3:749–52. New York, N.Y.: Scribner’s Sons, 1909.
———. “Roads and Travel (in NT).” In DBib, edited by James Hastings, Frederick C. Grant, and Harold. H. Rowley, 5:375–402. New York, N.Y.: Scribner’s Sons, 1909.
———. “Sepulchral Customs in Ancient Phrygia .” JHS 5 (1884): 241–62.
———. St. Paul the Traveler and Roman Citizen: Updated. Edited by Mark W. Wilson. Reprinted of 1897. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 2001.
———. The Bearing of Recent Discovery on the Trustworthiness of the New Testament. London, U.K.: Hodder & Stoughton, 1915.
———. “The Date of St. Polycarp ’s Martyrdom.” JÖAI 27 (1932): 245–58.
———. The Letters to Seven Churches of Asia and Their Place in the Plan of the Apocalypse. London, U.K.: Hodder & Stoughton, 1904.
———. The Letters to Seven Churches: Updated. Edited by Mark W. Wilson. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1994.
———. “The Province of Asia.” The Classical Review 3 (1889): 174–79.
———. “The White Stone and the ‘Gladiatorial’ Tessera.” ExpTim 16, no. 12 (January 1, 1905): 558–61.
———. “Thyatira .” In DBib, edited by James Hastings, Frederick C. Grant, and Harold. H. Rowley, 4:757–59. New York, N.Y.: Scribner’s Sons, 1909.
Ramsay, William M., and A. S. Wilkins. “Planetae.” In DGRA, edited by William Smith, 2:432-33. London, U.K.: Murray, 1891.
Ramsay, William Mitchell. “Artemis -Leto and Apollo -Lairbenos.” JHS 10 (1889): 216–30.
———. The Social Basis of Roman Power in Asia Minor. Amsterdam: A. M. Hakkert, 1967.
Rapaport, Samuel. Tales and Maxims from the Midrash. London, U.K.: Routledge & Sons, 1907.
Rapske, Brian M. Book of Acts in Its First-Century Setting: Paul in Roman Custody. BAFCS 3. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2004.
———. “Exiles, Islands, and the Identity and Perspective of John in Revelation.” In Christian Origins and Greco-Roman Culture: Social and Literary Contexts for the New Testament, edited by Stanley E. Porter and Andrew W. Pitts, 311–46. Texts and Editions for New Testament Study: Early Christianity in Its Hellenistic Context 1. Leiden: Brill, 2012.
Rasmussen, Carl G. “Temple A at Laodicea  (Turned into a ‘library ’?) — Part 1 of 2 Parts,” August 27, 2014. https://holylandphotos.wordpress.com/2014/08/27/temple-a-at-laodicea-turned-into-a-library-part-1-of-2-parts/.
Ratté, Christopher, Thomas N. Howe, and Clive Foss. “An Early Imperial Pseudodipteral Temple at Sardis .” AJA 90, no. 1 (1986): 45–68.
Rautman, Marcus. “Sardis  in Late Antiquity.” In Archaeology and the Cities of Late Antiquity in Asia Minor, edited by Ortwin Dally and Christopher Ratté, 1–26. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, 2012.
Rawson, Beryl . “Marriages, Familes, Households.” In The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Rome , edited by Paul Erdkamp, 93–109. Cambridge, Mass.: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
Reddish, Mitchell G. Revelation. Smyth & Helwys Bible Commentary. Macon, Ga.: Smyth & Helwys Publishing, 2001.
Reed, Jonathan L. “Capernaum.” In EDB, edited by David Noel Freedman, Allen C. Myers, and Astrid B. Beck, 220–21. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2000.
Reese, David S. “Marine Invertebrates, Freshwater Shells, and Land Snails: Evidence from Specimens Mosaics, Wall Paintings, Sculputure, Jewelry, and Roman Authors.” In The Natural History of Pompeii , edited by Wilhelmina Feemster Jashemski and Frederick G. Meyer, 292–314. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
———. “Palaikastro Shells and Bronze Age Purple-Dye Production in the Mediterranean Basin.” ABSA 2 (1987): 201–5.
———. “The Industrial Exploitation of Murex Shells: Purple-Dye and Lime Production at Sidi Khrebish, Benghazi (Berenice).” Libyan Studies 11 (1980): 79–93.
Reichelt, Hansgünter. Angelus Interpres - Texte in Der Johannes-Apokalypse. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1994.
Reimer, Ivoni Richter. Women in the Acts of Apostles: A Feminist Liberation Perspective. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 1995.
Reinhold, Meyer. History of Purple as a Status Symbol in Antiquity. 116. Brussels: Latomus, 1970.
Rendtorff, Rolf. The Covenant Formula: An Exegetical and Theological Investigation. Edinburgh, U.K.: Bloomsbury, 2000.
Resseguie, James L. The Revelation of John: A Narrative Commentary. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2009.
Reynolds, Joyce Maire, and Kenan T. Erim. Aphrodisias  and Rome . JRSM. London, U.K.: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, 1982.
Reynolds, Joyce Maire, and Robert F. Tannenbaum. Jews and Godfearers at Aphrodisias . Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society. Supplementary Volume. Cambridge Cambridgeshire: Cambridge Philological Society, 1987.
Reynolds, Joyce Maire. “Further Information on the Imperial Cult at Aphrodisias .” Studii Clasice 24 (1986): 109–17.
———. “New Evidence for the Imperial Cult in Julio-Claudian  Aphrodisias .” ZPE 43 (1981): 317–27.
———. “Inscriptions.” In Excavations at Sidi Khrebish, Benghazi (Berenice): Buildings, Coins , Inscriptions, Architectural Decoration, edited by John Alfred Lloyd, 233–48. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, 1977.
Rhee, Helen. Early Christian Literature: Christ and Culture in the Second and Third Centuries. Routledge Early Church Monographs. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2005.
Rhodes, Peter John. A History of the Classical Greek World: 478-323 BC. 2nd ed. Blackwell History of the Ancient World. Chichester, West Sussex, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
Rich, Anthony. A Dictionary of Roman and Greek Antiquities. 6th ed. New York, N.Y.: Longman, 1884.
Ridgway, Brunilde Sismondo. Hellenistic Sculpture II: The Styles of Ca. 200-100 B.C. Wisconsin Studies in Classics. Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin Press, 2000.
Rigsby, Kent J. Asylia: Territorial Inviolability in the Hellenistic World. Oakland, Calf.: University of California Press, 1997.
Rissi, Mathias. Future of the World: An Exegetical Study of Revelation 19.11-22.15. SBT 23. London, U.K.: Scm-Canterbury, 1972.
Ritschl, Friedrich Wilhelm. Die Tesserae Gladiatoriae der Römer. Munich: Akademie, 1864.
Ritti, Tullia. “Associazioni di mestiere a Hierapolis  di Frigia.” In Viaggi e commerci nell’antichità, edited by Bianca Maria Giannattasio, 65–84. Geneva: Università di Genova, Facoltà di Lettere, 1995.
———. “Iura sepulcrorum a Hierapolis  di Frigia nel quadro dell’epigrafia sepolcrale microasiatica. Iscrizione edite e inedite.” In Libitina e Dintorni. Libitina e i Luci Sepolcrali, le Leges Libitinariae Campane Iura Sepulcrorum: Vecchie e Nuove Iscrizioni, edited by S. Panciera, 455–634. Roma : Quasar, 2004.
———. “The Jewish  Community in Hierapolis .” In Hierapolis Di Figia 1957-1987, edited by A. Peres, 116–17. Rome : Fabbri, 1987.
Rives, J. B. “The Decree of Decius and the Religion of Empire.” JRS 89 (1999): 135–54.
Robbins, Vernon K. The Invention of Christian Discourse: From Wisdom to Apocalyptic. Rhetoric of Religious Antiquity 1. Dorset: Deo, 2008.
Robert, Louis. Documents d’Asia Mineure. BEFAR 239. Athens  and Paris: École Française d’Athènes and De Boccard, 1987.
———. “Documents d’Asie Mineure.” BCH 101, no. 1 (1977): 43–132.
———. “Documents d’Asie Mineure.” BCH 106, no. 3 (1982): 309–78.
———. “Documents d’Asie Mineure.” BCH 107, no. 1 (1983): 497–599.
———. “Documents d’Asie Mineure: V–XVII.” BCH 102, no. 1 (1978): 395–543.
———. Études Anatoliennes: Recherches Sur Les Inscriptionsgrecques de l’Asie Mineure. Paris: de Boccard, 1937.
———. “Le Culte de Caligula À Milet et La Province d’Asie.” Hellenica 7 (1949): 206–38.
———, ed. Le Martyre de Pionios Pretre de Smyrne. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1994.
———. Les Gladiateurs dans l’Orient grec. Paris: Champion, 1941.
———. Nouvelles Inscriptions de Sardes: Fasc. 1. Paris, France: Librairie d’Amérique et d’Orient, 1964.
———. “Reliefs Votifs et Cultes d’Anatolie.” Anatolia 3 (1958): 112–23.
———. “Une nouvelle inscription  grecque de Sardes: Règlement de l’autorité perse relatif à un culte de Zeus .” CRAI 119, no. 2 (1975): 306–30.
Robert, Louis, and Jeanne Robert. La Carie: histoire et géographie historique avec le recueil des inscriptions antiques. Paris, France: Adrien-Maisonneuve, 1954.
Roberts, Alexander, James Donaldson, Philip Schaff, and Henry Wace, eds. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Series I. 14 vols. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1994.
Roberts, J. H. “A Letter to Seven Churches in the Roman Province of Asia.” In Reading Revelation, edited by J. E. Botha, P. G. R. Villiers, and J. Engelbrecht, 17–35. Pretoria: Van Schaik Uitgewers, 2004.
Roberts, Richard. “The Tree of Life (Rev 2 :7).” ExpTim 25, no. 7 (1914): 332.
Robertson, A. T. A Grammar of the Greek New Testament in the Light of Historical Research. Nashville, Tenn.: Broadman, 1934.
———. Word Pictures in the New Testament. 6 vols. Nashville, Tenn.: B&H, 1998.
Robertson, O. Palmer. The Final Word: A Biblical Response to the Case for Tongues and Prophecy Today. Carlisle, Pa.: Banner of Truth, 1993.
Robinson, E. S. G. “Some Electrum and Gold Greek Coins .” In Centennial Publication of the American Numismatic Society, edited by Harald Ingholt, 585–94. New York, N.Y.: American Numismatic Society, 1958.
Rodríguez, Angel Manuel. “The Heavenly Books of Life and of Human Deeds.” JATS 13, no. 1 (2002): 10–26.
Rogers, Guy MacLean. The Mysteries of Artemis  of Ephesos: Cult, Polis, and Change in the Greaeco-Roman World. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2012.
Rogers, Guy Maclean. The Sacred Identity of Ephesos: Foundation Myths of a Roman City. Routledge Revivals. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2014.
Rohde, Erwin. Pergamon: Burgberg Und Altar. Berlin: Henschelverlag, 1982.
Roller, Lynn E. In Search of God the Mother: The Cult of Anatolian  Cybele . Berkeley, Calf.: University of California Press, 1999.
Roller, Lynn Emrich. “Attis  on Greek Votive Monuments; Greek God or Phrygian?” Hesperia 63, no. 2 (1994): 245–62.
Roloff, Jürgen. The Revelation of John. Translated by John E. Alsup. CC. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 1993.
Ropes, James Hard. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle of James. ICC. Edinburgh, U.K.: T&T Clark, 1954.
Ross, Alexander. The Epistles of James and John. NICNT 13. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1967.
Rosscup, James E. “The Overcomer in the Apocalypse.” GTJ 3, no. 2 (1982): 261–86.
Rougé, J. “Un Negotiator Laudecenarius À Lyon.” Zeitschrift Für Papyrologie Und Epigraphik 27 (1977): 263–69.
Rowland, Christopher. “Parousia .” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1992.
———. “The Vision of the Risen Christ in Rev. I. 13 Ff.: The Debt of an Early Christology to an Aspect of Jewish  Angelology.” JTS 31, no. 1 (1980): 1–11.
Royalty Jr., Robert M. “Etched or Sketched? Inscriptions and Erasures in the Messages to Sardis  and Philadelphia  (Rev. 3.1-13).” JSNT 27, no. 4 (June 2005): 447–63.
———. “Review of Loren L. Johns The Lamb  Christology of the Apocalypse of John: An Investigation into Its Origins and Rehetorical Force.” RBL 8 (2006): 1–6.
———. The Ideology of Wealth in the Apocalypse of John. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1998.
———. “The Streets of Heaven: The Imagery and Ideology of Wealth in the Apocalypse of John.” Ph.D. diss., Yale University, 1995.
Rudloff, Ilmo Robert Von, and Robert Von Rudloff. Hekate  in Ancient Greek Religion. Victoria, B.C: Horned Owl Publishing, 1999.
Rudwick, M. J. S., and E. M. B. Green. “The Laodicean Lukewarmness.” ExpTim 69, no. 6 (1958): 176–78.
Rudwick, M. J. S., and Colin J. Hemer. “Laodicea .” In NBD, edited by J. D. Douglas, 671–72. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1962.
Ruffing, Kai. “Städtische Wirtschaftspolitik Im Hellenistisch-Römischen Kleinasien? Zur Funktion Der Emporia.” In Staatlichkeit Und Politisches Handeln in Der Römischen Kaiserzeit, 123–50. Millennium Studien 10. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2006.
Ruiz, Jean-Pierre. “Betwixt and Between on the Lord’s Day: Liturgy and the Apocalypse.” In The Reality of Apocalypse: Rhetoric and Politics in the Book of Revelation, edited by L. Barr David, 221–41. SBLSS 39. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 2006.
Ruscillo, Deborah. “Reconstructing Murex Royal Purple and Biblical Blue in the Aegean.” In Archaeomalacology: Molluscs in Former Environments of Human Behaviour, edited by Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer, 99–106. Oxford, U.K.: Oxbow, 2005.
Rushdoony, Rousas John. Thy Kingdom Come: Studies in Daniel  and Revelation. Vallecito, Calif.: Ross House, 2001.
Russell, J. C. Late Ancient and Medieval Population. APSP. Philadelphia , Pa.: American Philosophical Society, 1958.
Saffrey, H. D. “Relire l’Apocalypse À Patmos .” RB 82 (1975): 385–417.
Safrai, Shemuel, M. Stern, and David Flusser. The Jewish  People in the First Century: Historical Geography, Political History, Social, Cultural and Religious Life and Institutions. Uitgeverij Van Gorcum, 1974.
Safrai, Shemuel, and Menahem Stern. “The Synagogue.” In The Jewish  People in the First Century: Historical Geography, Political History, Social, Cultural and Religious Life and Institutions, edited by Shemuel Safrai, Vol. 2. Assen: Van Gorcum, 1987.
Saftner, Bernard. Punctuated Equilibrium Featuring The Proepistrephomeniad. Bloomington, Ind.: Xlibris, 2008.
Salmon, Edward T. A History of the Roman World: From 30 BC to AD 138. 6th ed. London, U.K.: Methuen & Company, 1959.
Sanders, E. P. Jewish  Law From Jesus to the Mishnah: Five Studies. Philadelphia , Pa.: Trinity  Press International, 1990.
Sandmel, Samuel. “Parallelomania.” JBL 81, no. 1 (1962): 1–13.
Sandys, John Edwyn, ed. A Companion to Latin Studies. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1921.
Santangelo, Federico. Sulla, the Elites and the Empire: A Study of Roman Policies in Italy and the Greek East. Leiden: Brill, 2007.
Sarna, Nahum M. Exodus. JPS Torah Commentary 2. Philadelphia , Pa.: The Jewish  Publication Society, 2003.
Satake, Akira. Die Gemeindeordnung in Der Johannesapokalypse. WMANT 21. Neukirchener: Neukirchen-Vluyn, 1966.
Saunders, Stanley P. “Between Blessing and Curse: Reading, Hearing and Performing the Apocalypse in a World of Terror.” In Shaking Heaven and Earth: Essays in Honor of Walter Brueggemann and Charles B. Cousar, edited by Christine Roy Yoder, Kathleen M. O’connor, E. Elizabeth Johnson, and Stanley P. Saunders, 141–55. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox, 2005.
———. “Revelation and Resistance: Narrative and Worship in John’s Apocalypse.” In Narrative Reading, Narrative Preaching: Reuniting New Testament Interpretation and Proclamation, edited by Joel Green and Michael Pasquarello III, 117–50. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 2009.
Sauter, Franz. Der römische Kaiserkult bei Martial  und Statius . Berlin: Kohlhammer, 1934.
Schäfer, Jörg. “Pergamon Mysia , Turkey.” In The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, edited by Richard Stillwell, William L. MacDonald, and Marian Holland McAllister, 688–91. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1976.
Schaff, Philip. “Alogi.” In A Dictionary of Christian Biography: And Literature to the End of the Sixth Century A.D. With an Account of the Principal Sects and Heresies, edited by Henry Wace, 34. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1994.
———. “The Canons of the Councils of Ancyra , Gangra, Neocæsarea, Antioch  and Laodicea , Which Canons Were Accepted and Received by the Ecumenical Synods.” In Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers: Series: The Seven Ecumenical Councils, edited by Alexander Roberts, James Donaldson, Philip Schaff, and Henry Wace, 2.14:123–30. Grand Rapids, Mich.: T&T Clark, 2005.
Scherrer, Peter, ed. Ephesus : The New Guide. Turkey: Ege Yayinin, 2000.
Schick, Eduard. Revelation of St. John. Translated by W. Kruppa. 2 vols. New Testament for Spiritual Reading. New York, N.Y.: Herder & Herder, 1971.
Schiermann, Gottfried. “Carcer.” In BrillPauly, Vol. 3. Leiden: Brill, 2007.
Schiffman, Lawrence H., and M. D. Swartz. Hebrew and Aramaic Incantation Texts from the Cairo Genizah : Selected Texts from Taylor-Schechter Box K1. Sheffield, U.K.: Sheffield Academic Press, 1992.
Schlatter, Adolf. The History of the Christ: The Foundation of New Testament Theology. Translated by Andreas J. Köstenberger. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 1997.
Schlier, Heinrich. Principalities and Powers in the New Testament. New York, N.Y.: Herder & Herder, 1961.
———. “μήν. Edited by Gerhard Kittel and Gerhard Friedrich. Translated by Geoffrey W. Bromiley. TDNT. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1985.
Schlütz, K. Isaias 11:2 (Die Sieben Gaben Des Hl. Geistes) in Den Ersten Vier Jahrhunderten. Münster: Aschendorff, 1932.
Schmid, S. G. “Decline or Prosperity at Roman Eretria? Industry, Purple Dye Works, Public Buildings, and Gravestones.” JRA 12 (1999): 273–93.
Schmidt, Evamaria. The Great Altar of Pergamon. Boston, Mass.: Boston Book and Art Shop, 1965.
Schmitz, Leonhard. “Agdistis .” In Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, edited by William Smith, 1:67–68. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown & Co., 1870.
———. “Deima.” In Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, edited by William Smith, 1:1:950. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown & Co., 1870.
———. “Gryps or Gryphus.” In Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, edited by William Smith, 2:315. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown & Co., 1870.
———. “Tyche .” In Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, edited by William Smith, 3:1194. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown & Co., 1870.
Schmiz, Leonhard, and George Elden Marindin. “Panionia .” In DGRA, edited by William Smith, 2:334. London, U.K.: Murray, 1891.
Schnabel, Eckhard J. Acts. Edited by Clinton E. Arnold. ZECNT 5. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2012.
———. “Jewish  Opposition to Christians in Asia Minor in the First Century.” BBR 18, no. 2 (2008): 233–70.
Schneemelcher, Wilhelm, and Edgar Henneche, eds. New Testament Apocrypha: Writings Relating to the Apostles Apocalypses and Related Subjects. Translated by R. M. Wilson. Rev. 2 vols. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/Knox, 1992.
Schneider, J. “Ξύλον.” Edited by Gerhard Kittel and Gerhard Friedrich. Translated by Geoffrey W. Bromiley. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1985.
Schoedel, William. Ignatius  of Antioch : A Commentary on the Letters of Ignatius of Antioch. Edited by Helmut Koester. Hermeneia. Philadelphia , Pa.: Fortress, 1985.
Schuler, E. Von. “Sonderformen Hethitischer Staatsverträge.” Jahrbuch Für Kleinasiatische Forschung 2 (1965): 445–64.
Schulten, A. “Die Makedonischen Militärcolonien.” Hermes 32, no. 3 (1897): 523–37.
Schulz, Fritz. “Roman Registers of Births and Birth Certificates Part 1.” JRS 32, no. 1–2 (1942): 78–91.
Schürer, Emil. Die Prophetin Isabel in Thyatira , Offen. Joh., II, 20, 11. Edited by A. Von Harnack. Theologische Abhandlungen: Carl von Weizsäcker Zu Seinem Siebzigsten Geburtstage. Freiburg, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 1892.
———. The History of the Jewish  People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 BC–AD 135). Edited by G. Vermes, F. Miller, and M. Black. Rev. 4 vols. Edinburgh, U.K.: T&T Clark, 1979.
Schüssler Fiorenza, Elisabeth. “Apokalypsis and Propheteia: The Book of Revelation in the Context of Early Christian Prophecy.” In The Book of Revelation: Justice and Judgment, edited by Gerhard A. Krodel, 2nd ed., 133–56. PC. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 1999.
———. Revelation: Vision of a Just World. Edited by Gerhard A. Krodel. PC. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 1991.
———. The Book of Revelation: Justice and Judgment. Edited by Gerhard A. Krodel. PC. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 1998.
Schweizer, R. Eduard. “Ministry in the Early Church.” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
Scobie, Charles H. “Local References in the Letters to the Seven Churches.” NTS 39, no. 4 (1993): 606–24.
Scott, R. B. Y. “The Literary Structure of Isaiah’s Oracles.” In Studies in Old Testament Prophecy, edited by Harold. H. Rowley, 179–86. Edinburgh, U.K.: T&T Clark, 1950.
Scott, Robert B. Y. “The Pillars of Jachin and Boaz.” JBL 58, no. 1 (1939): 143–49.
Scott, Walter. Exposition of the Revelation of Jesus Christ. Westwood, N.J.: Revell, 1968.
Scroggs, Robin. “The Sociological Interpretation of the New Testament: The Present State of Research.” NTS, Sociological Interpretation of the NT, 26, no. 2 (1980): 164–79.
Seager, Andrew R. “The Architecture of the Dura and Sardis  Synagogue.” In The Synagogue: Studies in Origins, Archaeology and Architecture, edited by Harry M. Orlinksy, 149–93. South Florida Studies in the History of Judaism. New York, N.Y.: KTAV, 1975.
———. “The Building History of the Sardis  Synagogue.” AJA 76 (1972): 425–35.
Sear, Frank. Roman Architecture. Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge, 1998.
———. Roman Theatres: An Architectural Study. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Sebesta, Judith Lynn. “Tunica Ralla, Tunica Spissa: The Colors and Textiles of Roman Costume.” In The World of Roman Costume, edited by Judith Lynn Sebesta and Larissa Bonfante, 65–100. Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin Press, 2001.
Sebesta, Judith Lynn, and Larissa Bonfante, eds. The World of Roman Costume. Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin Press, 2001.
Seiss, J. A. The Apocalypse. 3 vols. Colorado Springs, Colo.: Cook, 1906.
Seiterle, Gérard. “Artemis  - Die Grosse Göttin von Ephesus .” Antike Welt 10, no. 3 (1979): 3–16.
Seland, Torrey. Jewish  Vigilantism in the First Centry C.E.: A Study of Selected Texts in Philo  and Luke on Jewish Vigilante Reactions against Nonconformers to the Torah. Trondheim: Doctor Artium Dissertation, 1990.
Selles, Lubbertus. The Book of Revelation: A Series of Outlines for Societies and Bible Study Clubs. Vol. 1. London, Ont.: Interleague Publication Board of Canadian Reformed Societies, 1972.
Sellew, Philip. “Laodiceans and the Philippians Fragments Hypothesis.” HTR 87, no. 1 (1994): 17–28.
Selwyn, Edward Carus. The Christian Prophets and the Prophetic Apocalypse. New York, N.Y.: MacMillan, 2009.
Seow, Choon-Leong. “Deir ‘Alla  Plaster Texts.” In Prophets and Prophecy in the Ancient Near East, edited by Peter Machinist and Martti Nissinen. Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2003.
Setzer, Claudia J. Jewish  Responses To Early Christians. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 1994.
Seyffert, Oskar. A Dictionary of Classical Antiquities: Mythology, Religion, Literature and Art. Edited by Henry Nettleship and John Edwin Sandys. New York, N.Y.: MacMillan & Co., 1895.
Seyrig, Henri. “Monnaies hellénistiques.” RevNum 6, no. 11 (1969): 36–52.
Shanks, Monte A. Papias and the New Testament. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2013.
Shea, William H. “A Further Note on the Covenantal Form in the Book of Revelation.” AUSS 21 (1983): 251–64.
———. “The Covenantal Form of the Letters to the Seven Churches.” AUSS 21 (1983): 71–84.
———. “The Inscribed Tablets From Tell Deir ʿAlla. AUSS 27 (1989): 21–37; 97–119.
Shear, Theodore Leslie. “The Golden Sands of the Pactolus.” The Classical Weekly 17, no. 24 (1924): 186–88.
Shepherd, Jr., Massey H. “Smyrna  in the Ignatius  Letters.” JR 20 (1940): 141–59.
Sheppard, William John Limmer. The Revelation of St. John the Divine. London, U.K.: Religious Tract Society, 1924.
Sheridan, Jennifer A. Columbia Papyri IX: The Vestis Militaris Codex. SFSHJ. Atlanta, Ga: Scholars Press, 1998.
Sherwin-White, Adrian N. “Roman Involvement in Anatolia, 167-88 BC.” JRS 67 (1977): 62–75.
———. Roman Society and Roman Law in the New Testament: The Sarum Lectures 1960-1961. Oxford University Press Academic Monograph Reprints. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 2004.
Sherwin-White, Adrian N., and Amélie Kuhrt. From Samarkhand to Sardis : A New Approach to the Seleucid  Empire. Hellenistic Culture and Society 13. Berkeley, Calf.: University of California Press, 1993.
Shiloh, Yigal. “Torah Scrolls and the Menorah Plaque from Sardis .” IEJ 18, no. 1 (1968): 54–57.
Siebert, Anne Viola. “Lectisternium .” In BrillPaulyA, edited by Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider, translated by Christine F. Salazar and Francis G. Gentry, Vol. 12. Leiden: Brill, 2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e633370.
Silberman, Lou H. “Farewell to OAMHN.” JBL 82, no. 2 (1963): 213–15.
Silberschlag, Eisig. “The Earliest Record of Jews in Asia Minor.” JBL 52, no. 1 (1933): 66–77.
Simcox, William H. The Revelation of St. John the Divine. CBSC. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1890.
Simmons, John G. Doctors and Discoveries: Lives That Created Today’s Medicine from Hippocrates to the Present. New York, N.Y.: Houghton Mifflin, 2002.
Şimşek, Celal. “2003 Yılı Laodikeia  Antik Kenti Kazıları.” KST 26 (2005): 305–20.
———. “A Menorah with a Cross Carved on a Column of Nymphaeum  A at Laodicea  Ad Lycum.” JRA 19 (2006): 343–46.
———. “Ancient ‘water Law’ Unearthed in Laodicea .” Hürriyet Daily News, September 13, 2011. http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/ancient-water-law-unearthed-in-laodicea-.aspx?pageID=238&nid=87259.
———. “Hierapolis  Güney Nekropolü, Konya.” Ph.D. diss., Konya, Selçuk University, Institute of Social Sciences, 1997.
———. “Laodicea , A Long-Lived City.” World Archaeology Magazine 41, no. 4.5 (July 2010): 34–35.
———. “Laodicea  Becoming New Ephesus .” Hurriot Daily News, December 7, 2011.
———. Laodikeia  (Laodicea  Ad Lycum) 2007. Istanbul: Ege Yayinlari, 2007.
———. Laodikeia  (Laodicea  Ad Lycum) 2013. Laodikeia Çalışmaları (Studies) 2. Istanbul: Ege Yayinlari, 2013.
———. “Regional Cults In The Lycos Valley And Its Neighbourhood.” In Altan Çilingiroğlu’na Armağan Yukarı Denizin Kıyısında Urartu Krallığı’na Adanmış Bir Hayat, edited by Haluk Sağlamtimur, Eşref Abay, Safer Derin, Aylin Ü. Erdem, Atilla Batmaz, Fulya Dedeoğlu, Mücella Erdalkiran, Mahmut Bilge Baştürk, and Erim Konakçi, 673–90. Istanbul: Arkeoloji ve Senat Yayinlari, 2009.
———. “Temple of Athena  Found in Laodicea .” Hurriot Daily News, September 12, 2011.
———. “Textile and Production Ateliers in Laodikeia .” Home Textile 86 (2015): 138–44.
———. The Ancient City of Laodicea  (Introduction Guide-English). Denizli , Turkey: Denizli Municipality, 2010.
Şimşek, Celal, M. Bilgin, and M. Okunak. “Laodikeia  Nekropolleri ve Mezar Tipleri.” TAD 20 (2015): 111–57.
Şimşek, Celal, and Mustafa Büyükkolancı. “Die Aquäducte Und Das Wasserverteilungssystem von Laodikeia  Ad Lycum.” In Cura Aquarum In Ephesus : Proceedings of the Twelfth International Congress on the History of Water Management and Hydraulic Engineering in the Mediterranean Region (Ephesus-Selçuck, October 2-10, 2004), Part 1, edited by Gilbert Wiplinger, 137–46. BABesch Suppl. 12. Leuven, Belgium: Peeters, 2006.
Şimşek, Celal, and M. Ayşem Sezgın. “The West and North Theatres in Laodicea .” In Restoration and Management of Ancient Theatres in Turkey, Methods, Research, Results, edited by Filippo Masino, Paolo Mighetto, and Giorgio Sobrà, 103–28. Archeologia E Storia 11. Turkey: Lecce, 2012.
Singer, Isidore, Cyrus  Adler, Gotthard Deutsch, Kaufmann Kohler, and Emil G. Hirsch, eds. The Jewish  Encyclopedia. 12 vols. New York, N.Y.: Funk & Wagnalls, 1906.
Skeat, T. C., and E. G. Turner. “An Oracle  of Hermes Trismegistos at Saqqara.” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 54 (1968): 199–208.
Slayton, Joel C. “Manna.” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
Smalley, Stephen S. 1, 2, 3 John. WBC 51. Dallas, Tex.: Word Books, 1989.
———. “John’s Revelation and John’s Community.” BJRL 69 (1987): 564–65.
———. “The Christ-Christian Relationship in Paul and John.” In Pauline Studies: Essays Presented to F. F. Bruce on His 70th Birthday, edited by Donald A. Hagner and Murray J. Harris, 95–105. Exeter, U.K.: Paternoster, 1980.
———. “The Paraclete: Pneumatology in the Johannine Gospel and Apocalypse.” In Exploring the Gospel of John: In Honor of D. Moody Smith, edited by R. Alan Culpepper and C. Clifton Black, 289–300. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/Knox, 1996.
———. The Revelation to John: A Commentary on the Greek Text of the Apocalypse. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 2005.
———. Thunder and Love: John’s Revelation and John’s Community. Milton Keynes, England: Wood, 1994.
Smallwood, E. Mary. The Jews Under Roman Rule: From Pompey to Diocletian : A Study in Political Relations. SJLA 20. Leiden: Brill, 1981.
Smith, J. B. A Revelation of Jesus Christ: A Commentary on the Book of Revelation. Edited by J. Otis Yoder. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2004.
Smith, R. R. R. “The Imperial Reliefs from the Sebasteion at Aphrodisias .” JRS 77 (1987): 88–138.
Smith, Thomas. Remarks upon the Manners, Religion and Government of the Turks: A Survey of the Seven Churches of Asia, as They Now Lye in Their Ruines. Early History of Travel and Geography. London, U.K.: Pitt, 1678.
Smith, William. Dictionary of the Bible. Edited by H. B. Hackett. 4 vols. Boston, Mass.: Houghton, Mifflin & Company, 1883.
Smith, William, ed. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 3 vols. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown & Co., 1870.
———. “Theudas.” In Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, edited by William Smith, 3:1103. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown & Co., 1870.
Smith, William, and J. F. Flather. “Birrus.” In DGRA, edited by William Smith, 1:299. London, U.K.: Murray, 1890.
Smith, William, and William Wayte. “Authepsa .” In DGRA, edited by William Smith, 1:263. London, U.K.: Murray, 1891.
Smith, William, William Wayte, and George Elden Marindin, eds. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities. 3rd ed. 2 vols. London, U.K.: Murray, 1891.
Snodgrass, Anthony M. Arms and Armor of the Greeks . Baltimore, Md.: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.
Sokolowski, F. “A New Testimony to the Cult of Artemis  in Ephesus .” HTR 58, no. 4 (1965): 427–31.
———. “Sur Le Culte d’Angelos Dans Ie Paganisme Grec et Romain.” HTR 53 (1960): 225–29.
Sourvinou-Inwood, Christine. “Artemis .” Edited by Simon Hornblower and Anthony J. S. Spawforth. OCD. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 2003.
Southern, Pat. The Roman Army: A Social and Institutional History. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Spalinger, Anthony J. “The Date of the Death of Gyges  and Its Historical Implications.” JAOS 98, no. 4 (1978): 400–409.
Spanier, Ehud, and Nira Karmon. “Muricid Snails and the Ancient Dye Industries.” In The Royal Purple and the Biblical Blue: Argaman and Tekhelet: The Study of Chief Rabbi Dr. Isaac Herzog on the Dye Industries in Ancient Israel  and Recent Scientific Contributions, edited by Ehud Spanier, 179–92. Jerusalem , Israel: Keter, 1987.
Spanier, Ehud, Nira Karmon, and Elisha Linder. “Bibliography Concerning Various Aspects of the Purple Dye.” Levantina 37 (1982): 437–47.
Spanier, Ehud, Elisha Linder, and Nira Karmon. Purple Dye—Biology, Archaeology and History. Haifa: University of Haifa, Center for Maritime Studies, 1980.
Sperti, Luigi. “Ricognizione Archeologica a Laodicea  Di Frigia: 1993–1998.” In Laodicea Ricognizione Archeologica a Laodicea Di Frigia, edited by Gustavo Traversari, Giorgio Bejor, Manuela Fano Santi, Luigi Sperti, Jacopo Bonetto, Claudio Negrelli, and Sauro Gelichi, 29–103. Rivista Di Archeologia, Supp. 24. Roma : Bretschneider, 2000.
Spier, J. “Notes on Early Electrum Coinage and a Die-Linked Issue from Lydia .” In Studies in Greek Numismatics in Memory of Martin Jessop Price, edited by Richard Ashton and S. Hurter, 321–26. London: Spink & Son, 1998.
Spinks, Bryan D. Early and Medieval Rituals and Theologies of Baptism: From the New Testament to the Council of Trent. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, 2006.
Spitta, Friedrich. Die Offenbarung des Johannes. Halle: Waisenhaus, 1889.
Stambaugh, John E. “Thyatira  (Place).” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
Stambaugh, John E., and David L. Balch. The New Testament in Its Social Environment. LEC 2. Philadelphia , Pa.: Westminster, 1986.
Starke, Robert. “The Tree of Life: Protological to Eschatological.” Kerux 11, no. 2 (2010): 1–12.
Ste. Croix, G. E. M. de. “Aspects of the ‘Great’ Persecution.” HTR 47, no. 2 (1954): 73–113.
———. “Christianity’s Encounter with the Roman Imperial Government.” In The Crucible of Christianity: Judaism, Hellenism  and The Historical Background to the Christian Faith, edited by Arnold Toynbee, 345–46. New York, N.Y.: Thames & Hudson, 1969.
———. “Why Were the Early Christians Persecuted?” Past and Present 26 (1963): 1–38.
Stegemann, Viktor. Die Gestalt Christi in Den Koptischen Zaubertexten. Heidelberg: Bilabel, 1934.
Stern, David H. Jewish  New Testament Commentary. Chandler, Ariz.: Messianic  Jewish Resources International, 1992.
Stern, Ephraim , Ayelet Levinson-Gilboa, and Joseph Aviram, eds. The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. 4 vols. New York, N.Y.: MacMillan, 1993.
Stern, Menahem. “The Jewish  Diaspora .” In The Jewish People in the First Century: Historical Geography, Political History, Social, Cultural and Religious Life and Institutions, edited by Menahem Stern and Shemuel Safrai, 143–53. CRINT. Philadelphia , Pa.: Fortress, 1974.
Stern, Philip D. The Biblical Hêrem a Window on Israel ’s Religious Experience. Brown Judaic Studies 211. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1991.
Stevens, Gerald L. Revelation: The Past and Future of John’s Apocalypse. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2014.
Stevenson, Gregory . Beihefte Zur Zeitschrift Für Die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft Und Die Kunde Der Älteren Kirche. Berlin: de Gruyter, 2001.
———. Power and Place: Temple and Identity in the Book of Revelation. Berlin: de Gruyter, 2001.
Stevenson, Gregory  M. “Conceptual Background to Golden Crown  Imagery in the Apocalypse of John.” JBL 114, no. 2 (1995): 257–72.
Stevenson, Seth William. A Dictionary of Roman Coins : Republican and Imperial. Edited by Charles Roach Smith and Frederic William Madden. London, U.K.: George Bell & Sons, 1889.
Stewart, Andrew. “Pergamo Ara Marmorea Magna: On the Date, Reconstruction, and Functions of the Great Altar of Pergamon.” In From Pergamon to Sperlonga: Sculpture and Context, edited by Nancy T. de Grummond and Brunilde Sismondo Ridgway, 32–57. Hellenistic Culture and Society. Berkeley, Calf.: University of California Press, 2001.
Stewart, Zeph. “Greek Crowns and Christian Martyrs.” In Mémorial André-Jean Festugière: Antiquité Païenne et Chrétienne, edited by E. Lucchesi and H. D. Saffrey, 119–24. Geneva: Cramer, 1984.
Stewart-Sykes, A. The Lamb ’s High Feast: Melito , Peri Pascha, and the Quartodeciman  Paschal Liturgy at Sardis . Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae. Leiden: Brill Academic, 1998.
Stieglitz, Robert R. Minoan  and Canaanite  Sea-Purple. First International Symposium on Harbours, Port Cities and Coastal Topography. Haifa, 1986.
———. “The Minoan  Origin of Tyrian Purple .” BA 57, no. 1 (1994): 46–54.
Storey, Glenn R. “The Population of Ancient Rome .” Antiquity 71, no. 274 (1997): 966–78.
Stott, John. What Christ Thinks of the Church: An Exposition of Revelation 1-3. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 2003.
Strachan-Davidson, James Leigh. Problems of the Roman Criminal Law. 2 vols. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1912.
Strand, Kenneth A. “A Further Note on the Covenantal Form in the Book of Revelation.” AUSS 21 (1983): 251–64.
Strelan, Rick. Paul, Artemis , and the Jews in Ephesus . Berlin: de Gruyter, 1996.
Strugnell, John, Daniel  J Harrington, and Torleif Elgvin, eds. Qumran Cave 4. XXIV: Sapiential Texts, Part 2, 4QInstruction (Musar Le Mevin): 4Q415ff. DJD 34. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1999.
Strugnell, John. “The Angelic Liturgy at Qumran.” In Congress Volume, Oxford 1959, edited by G. W. Anderson, P. A. H. De Boer, Henri Castellio, E. Hammershaimb, Herbert G. May, and Walther Zimmerli, 318–345. VTSup 7. Leiden: Brill, 1960.
Stuart, Moses. A Commentary on the Apocalypse. 2 vols. Andover, Mass.: Allen, Morrill & Wardwell, 1845.
———. “The White Stone of the Apocalypse.” BSac 1 (1843): 461–77.
Stuckenbruck, Loren T. Angel Veneration and Christology: A Study in Early Judaism and the Christology of the Apocalypse of John. WUNT, 2/70. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1995.
———. “Revelation.” In Eerdmans Commentary on the Bible, edited by James D. G. Dunn and John W. Rogerson, 1535–1629. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2003.
Sullivan, R. D. “Dynasts in Pontus.” ANRW 7, no. 2 (1980): 925–30.
Sutherland, Carol Humphrey Vivian. Coinage in Roman Imperial Policy, 31 B.C.–A.D. 68. London, U.K.: Methuen & Company, 1951.
———. Roman History and Coinage, 44 BC-AD 69: Fifty Points of Relation from Julius Caesar to Vespasian . Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987.
———. The Cistophori of Augustus . London, U.K.: Royal Numismatic Society, 1970.
Sutton, Ray R. That You May Prosper: Dominion by Covenant. Tyler, Tex.: Institute for Christian Economics, 1987.
Sweet, John P. M. Revelation. TPINTC. Valley Forge, PA: Trinity  Press International, 1990.
Swete, Henry Barclay. Commentary on Revelation. Reprint 1906. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 1999.
———. The Apocalypse of St. John. 3rd ed. London, U.K.: MacMillan & Co., 1917.
———. The Holy Spirit in the New Testament. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 1999.
Tabbernee, William. Prophets and Gravestones: An Imaginative History of Montanists  and Other Early Christians. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2009.
Tait, Andrew. The Messages to the Seven Churches of Asia Minor: An Exposition of the First Three Chapters of the Book of the Revelation. London, U.K.: Hodder & Stoughton, 1884.
Tajra, Harry W. The Trial of St. Paul: A Juridical Exegesis of the Second Half of the Acts of the Apostles. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2010.
Talbert, Charles H. The Apocalypse: A Reading of the Revelation of John. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox, 1994.
Tanriöver, Y. Ersel, and N. Orhan Baykan. “The Water Supply Systems of Caria .” In Cura Aquarum In Ephesus : Proceedings of the Twelfth International Congress on the History of Water Management and Hydraulic Engineering in the Mediterranean Region (Ephesus-Selçuck, October 2-10, 2004), Part 1, edited by Gilbert Wiplinger, 127–32. BABesch Suppl. 12. Leuven, Belgium: Peeters, 2006.
Tarn, W. W. Hellenistic Civilization. 3rd ed. London, U.K.: Arnold & Co., 1952.
Tasker, R. V. G. The General Epistle of James. TNTC 16. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1983.
Taslialan, Mehmet. “New Excavations and Restorations in the Agora  of Smyrna .” In Paper Presented at Institut Für Archäologie, Abt. Archäologie Des Mittelmeerraumes. University of Berne, Institute of Archaeology, June 24, 2004.
Taylor, Jeremy, and Reginald Heber. The Whole Works of the Right Rev. Jeremy Taylor: With a Life of the Author and a Critical Examination of His Writings. London, U.K.: Rivington, 1828.
Taylor, Justin. Les Actes Des Deux Apôtres VI: Commentaire Historique (Act. 18,23-28,31). Etudes Bibliques 30. Paris, France: Gabalda, 1996.
Taylor, Lily Ross. The Divinity of the Roman Emperor. Edited by Joseph William Hewitt. American Philological Association 1. New York, N.Y.: Scholars Press, 2011.
Ten Dam, A., and C. Erentöz. “Kizildere Geothermal Field — Western Anatolia.” Geothermics 2 (January 1, 1970): 124–29.
Tengbom, Luverne C. “Studies in the Interpretation of Revelation Two and Three.” Ph.D. diss., Hartford Seminary, 1976.
Tenney, Merrill C., and Moises Silva, eds. The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible: Revised Full-Color Edition. Revised. 5 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2009.
Tenney, Merrill C. Interpreting Revelation. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1988.
Thayer, Joseph Henry. Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament. Complete and Unabridged. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1889.
Theissen, Gerd. The Social Setting of Pauline Christianity. Philadelphia , Pa.: Fortress, 1982.
Thimmes, Pamela. “Women Reading Women in the Apocalypse: Reading Scenario 1, the Letter to Thyatira  (Rev. 2:18–29).” CBR 2, no. 1 (2003): 128–44.
Thiselton, Anthony C. “The Supposed Power of Words in the Biblical Writings.” JTS 25, no. 2 (1974): 283–99.
Thomas, David Winston. Documents from Old Testament Times. Society for Old Testament Study. New York, N.Y.: Harper, 1961.
Thomas, Edmund. Monumentality and the Roman Empire: Architecture in the Antonine Age. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Thomas, J. David. “Strategos and Exactor in the Fourth Century: One Office or Two?” ChrEg 70 (1995): 230–39.
Thomas, Robert L. Revelation 1–7 Commentary. Chicago, Ill.: Moody, 1992.
———. “The ‘Comings’ of Christ in Revelation 2-3.” MSJ 7, no. 2 (1996): 153–81.
Thomas, W. H. Griffith. Studies in Colossians and Philemon. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Kregel, 1986.
Thommen, Geraldine. “The Sebasteion at Aphrodisias : An Imperial Cult to Honor Augustus  and the Julio-Claudian  Emperors.” Chronika 2 (2012): 82–91.
Thompson, Glen L., and Mark Wilson. “The Route of Paul’s Second Journey in Asia Minor: In the Steps of Robert Jewett and Beyond.” TynBul 67, no. 2 (2016): 217–46.
Thompson, John A. The Ancient Near Eastern Treaties and the Old Testament. Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale, 1964.
———. “The Near Eastern Suzerain-Vassal Concept in the Religion of Israel .” JRH 3 (1964): 1–19.
Thompson, Leonard L. “A Sociological Analysis of Tribulation in the Apocalypse of John.” In Early Christian Apocalypticism: Genre and Social Setting, edited by Adela Yarbro Collins, 147–74. Semeia 36. Decatur, Ga.: SBL, 1986.
———. Revelation. Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon, 1998.
———. The Book of Revelation: Apocalypse and Empire. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, USA, 1997.
Thonemann, Peter. “A Copy of Augustus ’ Res Gestae at Sardis .” Historia 61, no. 3 (2012): 282–88.
———. The Maeander Valley: A Historical Geography from Antiquity to Byzantium . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Tigay, Jeffrey H. “On Evaluating Claims of Literary Borrowing.” In The Tablet and the Scroll: Near Eastern Studies in Honor of William W. Hallo, edited by Mark E. Cohen, Daniel  C. Snell, and David B. Weisberg, 250–55. Bethesda, Md.: Capital  Decisions Ltd, 1993.
Tigchelaar, Eibert J. C. “Eden and Paradise: The Garden Motif in Some Early Jewish  Texts (1 Enoch and Other Texts Found at Qumran).” In Paradise Interpreted: Representations of Biblical Paradise in Judaism and Christianity, edited by Gerard P. Luttikhuizen, 37–62. Themes in Biblical Narrative 2. Leiden: Brill, 1999.
Tilborg, Sjef Van. Reading John in Ephesus . NovTSup 83. Leiden: Brill Academic, 1997.
Toker, Tarhan. Pamukkale  (Hierapolis ). Denizli , Turkey: Haber Gazetecilik, 1976.
Tokhtas’ev, Sergei R. “Cimmerians.” In Encyclopædia Iranica, edited by Ehsan Yarshater, Facs. 6, 5:563–67. London, U.K.: Eisenbrauns, 1991.
Toksöz, Cemil. Pergamum : Its History and Archaeology. Translated by Amhmet E. Uysal. Ankara, Turkey: Ayyildiz Matbassi, 1960.
Toorn, Karel van der. “Cultic Prostitution.” In ABD, edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins, 5:510–13. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
Torrey, Charles C. The Apocalypse of John. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1958.
———. “The Aramaic Period of the Nascent Christian Church.” ZNW, 53 1952, 205–33.
Townsend, Jeffrey L. “The Rapture in Revelation 3:10.” BSac 137, no. 547 (July 1980): 252–66.
Toynbee, J. M. C. “Roman Medallions: Their Scope and Purpose.” The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Royal Numismatic Society 4, no. 1/4 (1944): 27–44.
Travis, S. H. “Eschatology.” In New Dictionary of Theology, edited by Sinclair B. Ferguson, David F. Wright, and James I. Packer, 228–31. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1988.
Trebilco, Paul. The Early Christians in Ephesus  from Paul to Ignatius . Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2007.
Trebilco, Paul R. “Asia.” In The Book of Acts in Its Graeco-Roman  Setting, edited by David W. Gill and Conrad H. Gempf, 2:291–362. Book of Acts in Its First Century Setting 2. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1994.
Trebilco, Paul R. Jewish  Communities in Asia Minor. SNTS 69. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Trell, Bluma L. “The Temple of Artemis  at Ephesos.” In The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, edited by Peter A. Clayton and Martin Price, 78–99. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2013.
Trench, Richard C. Commentary on the Epistles to the Seven Churches in Asia: Revelation 2, 3. 2nd ed. London, U.K.: Parker, Son & Bourn, 1862.
———. Synonyms of the New Testament. New York, N.Y.: Cosimo Classics, 2007.
Trinkl, Elisabeth. “Artifacts Related to Preparation of Wool and Textile Processing Found inside the Terrace Houses of Ephesus , Turkey.” In Ancient Textiles: Production, Craft and Society, edited by Carole Gillis and Marie-Louise B. Nosch, 81–86. Oxford, U.K.: Oxbow, 2007.
———. “The Wool Basket: Function, Depiction and Meaning of the Kalathos.” In Greek and Roman Textiles and Dress: An Interdisciplinary Anthology, edited by Mary Harlow and Marie-Louise Nosch, 190–206. Oxford, U.K.: Oxbow Books, 2014.
Trites, Allison A. “Μάρτυς and Martyrdom in the Apocalypse: A Semantic Study.” NovT 15, no. 1 (1973): 72–80.
Trudinger, Paul. “Ho Amen  (Rev III:14), and the Case for a Semitic Original of the Apocalypse.” NovT 14, no. 4 (1972): 277–79.
Tsevat, Matitiahu. “The Neo-Assyrian  and Neo-Babylonian Vassal Oaths and the Prophet Ezekiel.” JBL 78, no. 3 (1959): 199–204.
Tully, F. Le Guet. “Science and the Design of Mechanical and Optical Devices: A Few Case Studies.” In Design Methodology and Relationships with Science, edited by Marc J. de Vries, Nigel Cross, and D. P. Grant, 29–61. Behavioral and Social Sciences 71. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 1993.
Tupper, E. Frank. “The Revival of Apocalyptic in Biblical and Theological Studies.” Review and Expositor 72, no. 3 (1975): 279–303.
Turcan, Robert. Héliogabale et le sacre du soleil. Paris: Michel, 1986.
Turner, Cuthbert H. Studies in Early Church History: Collected Papers. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1912.
Tyconius. The Turin Fragments of Tyconius’ Commentary on Revelation. Edited by Francesco Lo Bue and Geoffrey Grimshaw Willis. TS: Contributions to Biblical and Patristic Literature 7. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1963.
Uggeri, Giovanni. “Sulle Strade di San Paolo in Anatolia: Il secondo e il terzo viaggio.” In Seminario di studi Paolo di Tarso: il messaggio, l’immagine, i viaggi: studi in memoria di Luigi Padovese, edited by Stella Uggeri Patitucci and Luigi Padovese, 125–73. Quaderni di archeologia medievale 12. Palermo: Officina di Studi Medievali, 2011.
Ulmer, Rivka. Evil Eye in the Bible and Rabbinic Literature. Hoboken, N. J.: KTAV, 1994.
Unger, Merrill F. Archaeology and the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1975.
Ustinova, Yulia. The Supreme Gods of the Bosporan Kingdom: Celestial Aphrodite  and the Most High God. Leiden: Brill, 1999.
Vailhé, Siméon. “Sardes.” In CE, edited by Charles George Herbermann, Condé Bénoist Pallen, and Edward Aloysius Pace, 13:472. New York, N.Y.: Appleton & Company, 1913.
———. “Smyrna .” In CE, edited by Charles George Herbermann, translated by Mario Anello, 14:60. New York, N.Y.: Appleton & Company, 1913.
Vanhoye, Albert. Old Testament Priests and the New Priest. Revised. Herefordshire England: Gracewing, 2009.
Vanni, Ugo. “Liturgical Dialogue as a Literary Form in the Book of Revelation.” NTS 37, no. 3 (1991): 348–72.
Varner, Eric R. “Domitia Longina and the Politics of Portraiture.” AJA 99, no. 2 (1995): 187–206.
———. Monumenta Graeca et Romana: Mutilation and Transformation: Damnatio Memoriae and Roman Imperial Portraiture. Leiden: Brill, 2004.
Varone, Antonio. Erotica Pompeiana: Love Inscriptions on the Walls of Pompeii . Translated by Ria P. Berg. Rome : Di Bretschneider, 2003.
Vawter, Bruce. The Conscience of Israel ; Pre-Exilic Prophets and Prophecy. New York, N.Y.: Sheed & Ward, 1961.
Vermès, Géza. Scripture and Tradition in Judaism: Haggadic Studies. Leiden: Brill, 1973.
Vermeule, Cornelius C. Roman Imperial Art in Greece  and Asia Minor. Cambridge, U.K.: Harvard University Press, 1968.
Verzone, Paolo. “L’urbanistica Di Hierapolis  Di Frigia: Tracciato Viario E Monumenti Rimessi Alla Luce Dal 1957 Al 1972.” In Atti Del XVI Congresso Di Storia dell’Architettura, 401–13. Rome : Atene, 1977.
Vickers, Michael J. The Roman World. 2nd ed. The Making of the Past. New York, N.Y.: Peter Bedrick Books, 1989.
Victor, Chapot. La Province Romaine Proconsulaire d’Asie. Paris, France: Librairie Emile Bouillon, 1904.
Vitringa, Campegius. Anakrisis Apocalypsios Joannis Apostoli. Amsterdam: Henricus Strickius, 1719.
Vogel, Lise. The Column of Antoninus  Pius. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1973.
Voinot, Jacques. Les cachets à collyres dans le monde romain. Monographies instrumentum 7. Montagnac: Mergoil, 1999.
Von Staden, Heinrich. Herophilus: The Art of Medicine in Early Alexandria: Edition, Translation and Essays. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Vos, Louis A. The Synoptic Traditions in the Apocalypse. Kampen, Netherlands: Kok, 1965.
Voss, G. “The Analysis of Indigoid Dyes as Leuco Forms by NMR Spectroscopy.” Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists 116 (2000): 87–90.
Waal, Cornelis van der. The Covenantal Gospel. Edited by H. DeJong. Translated by G. L. Bertram. Alberta: Inheritance, 1990.
Waegeman, Maryse. Amulet and Alphabet: Magical Amulets in the First Book of Cyranides. Amsterdam: Gieben, 1987.
Waelkens, Marc. “Phrygian Votive and Tombstones as Sources of the Social and Economic Life in Roman Antiquity.” Ancient Society 8 (1977): 277–315.
Waldbaum, Jane C. “Metalwork and Metalworking in Sardis .” In Sardis: Twenty-Seven Years of Discovery, edited by Eleanor Guralnick, 36–45. Chicago, Ill.: Archaeological Institute of America, 1987.
Walker, Larry L. “Deuteronomy.” Edited by Merrill C. Tenney and Moises Silva. ZEB. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2009.
Wall, Robert W. Revelation. Edited by W. Ward Gasque. NIBC 18. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2002.
Wallace, Daniel  B. “The Article with Multiple Substantives Connected by Kai in the New Testament: Semantics and Significance.” Ph.D. diss., Dallas Theological Seminary, 1995.
Wallace, Paul W. “Journey by Lamplight: A Visit to the Seven Churches of Asia — Part 4.” BS 5, no. 4 (1976): 101–13.
Wallace, R. W. “Kukalim, Walwet, and the Artemision  Deposit: Problems in Early Anatolian  Electrum Coinages.” In Agoranomia: Studies in Money and Exchange Presented to John H. Kroll, edited by Peter G. Van Alfen, 37–49. New York, N.Y.: American Numismatic Society, 2006.
Walton, John H. Ancient Israelite Literature in Its Cultural Context: A Survey of Parallels between Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Texts. 2nd ed. Library of Biblical Interpretation. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1990.
Walton, John H., Victor H. Matthews, and Mark W. Chavalas. The IVP Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 2000.
Waltzing, Jean Pierre. Étude historique sur les corporations professionnelles chez les Romains depuis les origines jusqu’à la chute de l’Empire d’Occident. Vol. 3. 4 vols. Louvain: Louvain, C. Peeters, 1895.
Walvoord, John F. Revelation. Edited by Roy B. Zuck. Wheaton, Ill.: Victor, 1983.
———. The Revelation of Jesus Christ. Chicago, Ill.: Moody, 1989.
Warden, Duane. “Imperial Persecution and the Dating of First Peter and Revelation.” NTS 34, no. 2 (1991): 203–12.
Warden, Preston Duane, and Roger S. Bagnall. “The Forty Thousand Citizens of Ephesus .” CP 83, no. 3 (1988): 220–23.
Watson, Duane F. “Nicolaitans .” Edited by David Noel Freedman, Gary A. Herion, David F. Graf, and John David Pleins. ABD. New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996.
Watson, Richard. A Biblical and Theological Dictionary. New York, N.Y.: Waugh & Mason, 1833.
Weber, G. “Die Flüsse von Laodicea : Lykos, Kadmos, Kapros, Elnos Und Asopos.” MDAI 23 (1898): 178–95.
———. “Die Hochdruck Wasserleitung von Laodicea  Ad Lycum.” JDAI 13 (1898): 1–13.
———. “Die Hochdruck Wasserleitung von Laodicea  Ad Lycum.” JDAI 19 (1904): 95–96.
Weber, Wilhelm. Untersuchungen zur Geschichte des Kaisers Hadrian . Hildesheim: Olms, 2001.
Webster, Thomas Bertram Lonsdale. Hellenistic Poetry and Art. London, U.K.: Methuen, 1964.
Weeks, Noel. Admonition and Curse the Ancient Near Eastern Treaty/Covenant Form as a Problem in Inter-Cultural Relationships. JSOTSup 407. Edinburgh, U.K.: T&T Clark, 2004.
———. Admonition and Curse: The Ancient Near Eastern Treaty/Covenant Form as a Problem in Inter-Cultural Relationships. New York, N.Y.: T&T Clark, 2004.
Weigelt, H. “Clothe, Naked, Dress, Garment, Cloth.” Edited by Colin Brown. NIDNTT. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1976.
Weinfeld, Moshe. “Ancient Near Eastern Patterns in Prophetic Literature.” VT 27 (1977): 178–95.
———. “Covenant Making in Anatolia and Mesopotamia.” The Ancient Near Eastern Society of Columbia University 22 (1992): 135–39.
———. “Covenant Terminology in the Ancient Near East and Its Influence on the West.” JAOS 93, no. 2 (1973): 190–99.
———. Deuteronomy and the Deuteronomic School. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1983.
———. “The Common Heritage of Covenantal Traditions in the Ancient World.” In I Trattati Nel Mondo Antico-Forma, Ideologia, Funzione (Saggi Di Storia Antica), edited by Luciano Canfora, Mario Liverani, and Carlo Zaccagnini, 2:175–91. Roma : L’Erma, 1990.
———. “The Loyalty Oath in the Ancient Near East.” UF 8 (1976): 379–414.
Weiss, Bernhard. Die Johannes-Apokalypse: textkritische Untersuchungen und Textherstellung. TU, 7.1. Berlin: Hinrichs, 1904.
Weiss, Peter. “Hadrian  in Lykien.” Chiron 25 (1995): 213–14.
Welch, K. “The Roman Arena in Late-Republican Italy: A Re-Evaluation.” In Sport in the Greek and Roman Worlds: Greek Athletic Identities and Roman Sports and Spectacle, edited by Thomas Francis Scanlon, Vol. 2. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2014.
Welles, C. Bradford, Robert O. Fink, and J. Frank Gilliam. The Parchments and Papyri. Edited by Ann Perkins. Excavations at Dura-Europos, Final Report V, I. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1959.
Wendel, Clarence A. “Land Tilting or Silting? Which Ruined Ancient Aegean Harbors?” Archaeology 22, no. 4 (1969): 322–24.
Wernicke, H. “Artemis .” In PW, edited by A. F. Pauly and Georg Wissowa, New., 2:1336–1440. Munich: Buchhandlung, 1895.
Westermann, Claus. Basic Forms of Prophetic Speech. Translated by Hugh Clayton White. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/Knox, 1991.
White, Jr., W. “Laodicea .” Edited by Merrill C. Tenney and Moises Silva. ZEB. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, September 19, 2009.
White, L. Michael. “Urban Development and Social Change in Imperial Ephesos.” In Ephesos Metropolis of Asia: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Its Archaeology, Religion, and Culture, edited by Helmut Koester, 27–80. HTS 41. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Divinity School, 1995.
Whitehorne, J. E. G. “P. Oxy. XLIII 3119: A Document of Valerian’s Persecution?” ZPE 24, no. 1 (1977): 187–96.
Whiting, Charles C. The Revelation of John: An Interpretation of the Book with an Introduction and a Translation. Boston, Mass.: Gorham, 1918.
Wiarda, Tim. “Revelation 3:20: Imagery And Literary Context.” JETS 38, no. 2 (1995): 203–12.
Wight, Fred H. Highlights of Archaeology in Bible Lands. Chicago, Ill.: Moody, 1955.
Wijngaards, J. Vazal van Jahweh. Baarn: Bosch & Keuning, 1965.
Wikenhauser, Alfred. Die Offenbarung des Johannes. 3rd ed. RNT 9. Regensburg: Pustet, 1959.
Wilcock, Michael. The Message of Revelation: I Saw Heaven Opened. BST. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1975.
Wild, J. P. Textile Manufacture in the Northern Roman Provinces. CCS. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1970.
Wilken, Robert L. “Melito , the Jewish  Community at Sardis , and the Sacrifice of Isaac.” ThS 37 (1976): 53–69.
Wilkinson, Richard H. “The ΣΤϒΛΟΣ of Revelation 3:12 and Ancient Coronation Rites. JBL 107, no. 3 (1988): 498–501.
Will, E. “Banquets et salles de banquet  dans le cultes de la Grece et de l’Empire romain.” In Mélanges d’histoire ancienne et d’archéologie offerts à Paul Collart, edited by Pierre Ducrey, 353–62. Lausanne, Switzerland: Bibliothèque historique vaudoise, 1976.
Will, E. Lyding. “Women’s Roles in Antiquity: New Archeological Views.” Science Digest, March 1980, 35–39.
Williams, Jay G. Those Who Ponder Proverbs: Aphoristic Thinking and Biblical Literature. Sheffield, U.K.: Almond, 1981.
Willis, Wendell Lee. Idol Meat in Corinth : The Pauline Argument in 1 Corinthians 8 and 10. SBLDS 68. Chicago, Ill.: Scholars Press, 1985.
Wilson, Andrew. “The Archaeology of the Roman Fullonica.” JRA 16 (2003): 442–46.
Wilson, Andrew, and Miko Flohr. Urban Craftsmen and Traders in the Roman World. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2016.
Wilson, J. Christian. “The Problem of the Domitianic Date of Revelation.” NTS 39, no. 4 (1993): 587–605.
Wilson, Mark. The Victor Sayings in the Book of Revelation. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2007.
Wilson, Mark W. “A Pie in a Very Bleak Sky? Analysis and Appropriation of the Promise Sayings in the Seven Letters to the Churches in Revelation 2-3.” D.Litt., University of South Africa, 1997.
———. Biblical Turkey: A Guide to Jewish  and Christian Sites of Asia Minor. Istanbul: Ege Yayinlari, 2010.
———. Revelation. ZIBBC. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2007.
Wilson, Stephen G. “Gentile Judaizers .” NTS 38, no. 4 (1992): 605–16.
Wilson, Stephen G., and Stephen G. Wilson, eds. “Melito  and Israel .” In Anti-Judaism in Early Christianity: Separation and Polemic, 2:81–102. ESCJ 2. Waterloo, Ont.: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1986.
Winfrey, David G. “The Great Tribulation: Kept ‘Out Of’ Or ‘Through’?” GTJ 3, no. 1 (1982): 3–18.
Wiseman, Donald J. “The Vassal-Treaties of Esarhaddon.” Iraq 20 (1958): 1–99.
Wiseman, Donald John. Chronicles of Chaldaean Kings (626-556 B.C.). London, U.K.: Trustee of the British Museum , 1956.
Witetschek, Stephen. “Der Lieblingspsalm Des Sehers: Die Verwendung von Ps 2 in Der Johannesapokalypse.” In The Septuagint and Messianism, edited by Michael Anthony Knibb, 487–502. BETL 195. Leuven, Belgium: Leuven University Press, 2006.
Witherington III, Ben. New Testament History: A Narrative Account. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 2003.
———. “Not So Idle Thoughts About Eidolothuton.” TynBul 44, no. 2 (1993): 237–54.
———. Revelation. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Witt, Peter Daniel  MacDearmon. “The Judicial Function of the Strategos in the Roman Period.” Ph.D. diss., Duke University, 1977.
Witulski, Thomas. “Die Aufenthalte Des Kaisers Hadrian  in Der Römischen Provinz Asia.” In Paulus Und Die Antike Welt. Beiträge Zur Zeit- Und Religionsgeschichtlichen Erforschung Des Paulinischen Christentums, edited by David C. Bienert, Joachim Jeska, and Thomas Witulski, 1st ed., 150–66. Festgabe Für Dietrich-Alex Koch Zum 65. Geburtstag, FRLANT. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2008.
Wojciechowski, Michael. “Seven Churches and Seven Celestial Bodies (Rev 1,16; Rev 2 -3).” BN 45 (1988): 48–50.
Wong, Daniel  K. K. “The Hidden Manna and the White Stone in Revelation 2:17.” BSac 155, no. 619 (1998): 346–54.
———. “The Tree of Life in Revelation 2:7.” BSac 155, no. 618 (1998): 211–26.
Wood, Bryant G. “Balaam  Son of Beor.” BS 8, no. 4 (1995): 115–17.
Wood, John Turtle. Discoveries at Ephesus : Including the Sites and Remains of the Great Temple of Diana . London, U.K.: Longmans, Green & Company, 1877.
Wood, Peter. “Local Knowledge of the Letters of the Apocalypse.” ExpTim 73, no. 9 (1962): 263–64.
Woodman, Jesse Earle. “The Expositio Totius Mundi et Gentium: Its Geography and Its Language.” M.A. diss., The Ohio State University, 1964.
Worth, Jr., Roland H. The Seven Cities of the Apocalypse and Greco-Asian Culture. New York, N.Y.: Paulist, 2002.
———. The Seven Cities of the Apocalypse and Roman Culture. New York, N.Y.: Paulist, 2002.
Wotschitzky, Alfons. “Ephesus : Past, Present and Future of an Ancient Metropolis.” Archaeology 14, no. 3 (1961): 205–12.
Wouters, Jan. “A New Method for the Analysis of Blue and Purple Dyes in Textiles.” Dyes in History and Archaeology 10 (1992): 17–21.
Wouters, Jan, and A. Verhecken. “High-Performance Liquid Chromatography of Blue and Purple Indigoid Natural Dyes.” Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists 107 (1991): 266–69.
Wright, David F., Sinclair B. Ferguson, and James I. Packer, eds. New Dictionary of Theology. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1988.
Wright, David F. “Why Were the Montanists  Condemned?” Themelios 2, no. 8 (1976): 15–21.
Wright, George Ernest. “The Lawsuit of God: A Form-Critical Study of Deuteronomy 32.” In Israel ’s Prophetic Heritage: Essays in Honor of James Muilenberg, edited by Bernhard W. Anderson and Walter Harrelson, 26–67. New York, N.Y.: Harper & Row, 1962.
———. The Old Testament Against Its Environment. Chicago, Ill.: Allenson, 1951.
Wright III, Benjamin G. “The Categories of Rich and Poor in the Qumran Sapiential Literature.” In Sapiential Perspectives: Wisdom Literature in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls : Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 20-22 May, 2001, edited by John Joseph Collins, Gregory  E. Sterling, and Ruth A. Clements, 101–23. STTJ 51. Leiden: Brill Academic, 2004.
Wright, N. T. The New Testament and the People of God: Christian Origins and the Question of God. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1992.
Wright, William. Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles. 2 vols. London, U.K.: Williams & Norgate, 1871.
Wroth, Warwick. A Catalogue of the Greek Coins  in the British Museum : Mysia . Edited by Reginald Stuart Poole. London, U.K.: Quaritch, 1892.
Wulf, Ulrike. Die Stadtgrabung: Die hellenistischen und römischen Wohnhäuser von Pergamon: unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Anlagen zwischen der Mittel-und der Ostgasse. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1999.
Ximénez, Saturnino. Asia Minor in Ruins. Translated by Arthors Chambers. London, U.K.: Hutchinson & Co., 1925.
Yadin, Yigael, Y. Hevrah, and Y. Meshorer. Masada : The Aramaic and Hebrew Ostraca and Jar Inscriptions: The Coins  of Masada. Jerusalem : Israel  Exploration Society, 1989.
Yamauchi, Edwin M. New Testament Cities in Western Asia Minor: Light from Archaeology on Cities of Paul and the Seven Churches of Revelation. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2003.
———. “Ramsay’s View on Archaeology in Asia Minor Reviewed.” In The New Testament Student and His Field, edited by John Skilton, 27–40. Phillipsburg, N.J: P & R Press, 1982.
———. “Synagogues.” Edited by Joel B. Green, Scot McKnight, and I. Howard Marshall. DJG. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1992.
———. “The ‘Daily Bread’ Motif In Antiquity.” WTJ 28, no. 2 (1966): 145–56.
Yates, James, and William Wayte. “Tessera.” In DGRA, edited by William Smith, 2:799. London, U.K.: Murray, 1891.
Yavuz, Mehmet Fatih. “Ephesus .” In OEAGR, edited by Michael Gagarin, 3:78–81. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Yeatts, John R. Revelation. Believers Church Bible Commentary. Harrisonburg, VA: Herald, 2003.
Yegül, Fikret K. “A Study in Architectural Iconography: Kaisersaal and the Imperial Cult.” ABul 64, no. 1 (March 1, 1982): 7–31.
———. “A Victor’s Message: The Talking Column of the Temple of Artemis  at Sardis .” JSAH 73, no. 2 (2014): 204–25.
———. “Roman Architecture in Sardis .” In Sardis: Twenty-Seven Years of Discovery, edited by Eleanor Guralnick, 46–61. Chicago, Ill.: Archaeological Institute of America, 1987.
———. The Bath-Gymnasium  Complex at Sardis . Edited by George M. A. Hanfmann and Jane Ayer Scott. AESR 3. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986.
———. “The Bath-Gymnasium  Complex in Asia Minor During the Imperial Roman Age.” Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1975.
Yeivin, S. “Jachin and Boaz.” PEQ 91 (1959): 1–15.
Young, William J. “The Fabulous Gold of the Pactolus Valley.” Boston Museum Bulletin 70, no. 359 (1972): 4–13.
Younger, John. Sex in the Ancient World from A to Z. New York, N.Y.: Routledge, 2005.
Zahn, Theodor. Die Offenbarung Des Johannes. 2 vols. KZNT 17. Leipzig: Deichert, 1924.
Ziderman, I. Irving. “Seashells and Ancient Purple Dyeing.” BA 53 (1990): 98–101.
Ziderman, Irving I. “3600 Years of Purple-Shell Dyeing: Characterization of Hyacinthine Purple (Tekhelet).” Advances in Chemistry 212 (1986): 187–98.
Ziegenaus, Oskar, and Gioia De Luca. Altertümer von Pergamon. Leiden: de Gruyter, 1968.
———. Das Asklepieion. Vol. 1–4. Altertümer von Pergamon 11. Berlin: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, 1968.
Zincone, Sergio. “Smyrna .” In Encyclopedia of the Early Church, edited by Angelo Di Berardino, translated by Adran Walford, 2:688–89. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Zuiderhoek, Arjan. “Cities, Roman Empire (East).” In The Encyclopedia of Ancient History, edited by Roger S. Bagnall, Kai Brodersen, Craige B. Champion, Andrew Erskine, and Sabine R. Huebner, 1:1516–20. Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.

updated August 21, 2017. Copyright Dr. David E. Graves, ECM

No comments:

Post a Comment

Figure 173

Kunsthistorisches Museum (no. IX A 79) Photograph by James Steakley, PD Roman cameo of Gemma Augustea (AD 9–12). A depiction of Emperor...