Praised Pergamum Chapter 9

MESSENGER PREAMBLE FORMULA—2:12A.....P. 244

  • Description of the suzerain who has a sword—2:12b.....P. 244
  • Fig. 68. Replica of the Pompeii gladius sword.
  • Fig. 69. Mycenaean replica swords.

HISTORICAL PROLOGUE—2:13–15 .....P. 247

  • The suzerain knows where Satan has his throne—2:13a .....P. 247
  • Fig. 70. Column of the Asclepion, Pergamum.
  • Fig. 71. Statue of Asclepius.
  • Fig. 72. Drawing of the Balaam text from Tell Deir ‘Alla.
  • The suzerain knows they have remained faithful—2:13b .....P. 254
  • The suzerain knows of Antipas’ death—2:13c .....P. 254
  • The suzerain knows people who hold to the teaching of Balaam—2:14 .....P. 256
  • The suzerain knows those who hold to the teaching of the Nicolaitans—2:15 .....P. 258

ETHICAL STIPULATIONS―2:16A .....P. 260

  • Imperative: Repent —2:16a .....P. 260

SANCTIONS: CURSES―2:16B–C .....P. 261

  • The curse of the suzerain’s presence—2:16b .....P. 261
  • The curse of the suzerain’s war against them—2:16c .....P. 262

PROCLAMATION WITNESS FORMULA—2:17A .....P. 262
SANCTIONS: BLESSINGS—2:17B .....P. 263

  • The blessing of hidden manna—2:17c .....P. 263
  • The blessing of a new name—2:17d .....P. 265
  • Fig. 73. Artist’s depiction of a high priest.
  • Fig. 74. Ostracon found at Masada with the name Eleazar ben Ya’ir.
  • Fig. 75. A bone token used as a theater ticket.
  • Fig. 76. Bone or ivory tessera (tesserae nummulariae) seal.
  • Fig. 77. Roman tessera frumentaria (left) compared to a Euro cent coin (right).
  • Fig. 78. Egyptian scarab beetle with an inscription.
  • Fig. 79. A white stone pillar at Pergamum with names inscribed on it.

CONCLUSION .....P. 274

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Figure 173

Kunsthistorisches Museum (no. IX A 79) Photograph by James Steakley, PD Roman cameo of Gemma Augustea (AD 9–12). A depiction of Emperor...