The Cultural Background of the Seven Messages


THE CULTURAL BACKGROUND OF THE SEVEN MESSAGES ............. 52

LOCAL REFERENCES IN THE SEVEN MESSAGES ................................. 52

  •     Proponents ........................................................................................................ 52
  •     Arguments for the use of local references ........................................................ 53
  •     A balanced use of local references ................................................................... 54

THE CULTURAL ISSUES IN THE SEVEN MESSAGES ............................ 55

  •     External problems ............................................................................................. 55
  •        Fig. 3. Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome.
  •        Fig. 4. Emperor Marcus Aurelius (AD 161–180).
  •        Fig. 5. A round altar (Lat. ara) used in the imperial cult.
  •        Fig. 6. Portrait of a priest who served in the temple of the imperial cult.
  •        Fig. 7. The Sebasteion or Augusteum, in Aphrodisias.
  •        Fig. 8. Bronze sestertius coin (AD 65) of Nero (AD 54–68).
  •       Fig. 9. Papyrus certificate of sacrifice (libellus) from the Decian persecution (AD 250).
  •       Fig. 10. Apotheosis of Antoninus Pius and Faustina.
  •       Fig. 11. Marble Statue of Trajan (Imperator Marcus Ulpius Trajanus, AD 98–117).
  •     Internal problems .............................................................................................. 64

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Figure 153

Photograph courtesy of © Ferrell Jenkins 153. The tomb of Flavius Zeuxis at Hierapolis.