Extinct Ephesus


MESSENGER PREAMBLE FORMULA—2:1 ..... p. 128

  •     Description of the suzerain..... p. 129
  •     The omnipotent suzerain holds the seven stars—2:1a .... p. 129
  •         Fig. 39. Silver coin with the bust of Domitian with seven stars.
  •     The suzerain walks among the churches—2:1b .... p. 130

HISTORICAL PROLOGUE—2:2–4 .... p. 130

  •     The suzerain knows their works—2:2a .... p. 131
  •     The suzerain knows they have tested false apostles—2:2b .... p. 132
  •     The suzerain knows their patient endurance—2:3.... p. 134
  •     The suzerain knows they have abandoned their first love—2:4 .... p. 134

ETHICAL STIPULATIONS—2:5A .... p. 135

  •     First imperative: Remember—2:5a .... p. 136
  •     Second imperative: Repent—2:5a .... p. 136
  •     Third imperative: Repeat—2:5a .... p. 137

SANCTIONS: CURSE—2:5B,C .... p. 137

  •     The curse of the suzerain’s visit—2:5b .... p. 137
  •     The curse of a removed lampstand—2:5c .... p. 138
  •         Fig. 40. Arch of Titus, Rome.
  •         Fig. 41. Woman lighting an oil lamp on a lampstand.

HISTORICAL PROLOGUE II—2:6 .... p. 141

  •     The suzerain knows they hate the works of the Nicolaitans—2:6 .... p. 141

PROCLAMATION WITNESS FORMULA—2:7A .... p. 143

  •     Hearing formula 2:7a .... p. 143

SANCTIONS: BLESSING—2:7B,C .... p. 145

  •     The blessing of eating of the tree of life—2:7b .... p. 146
  •         Fig. 42. Ephesian coin struck under Archidamos with a bee, and stag.
  •     The blessing of the paradise of god—2:7c .... p. 148

CONCLUSION .... p. 149

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Figure 173

Kunsthistorisches Museum (no. IX A 79) Photograph by James Steakley, PD Roman cameo of Gemma Augustea (AD 9–12). A depiction of Emperor...