Lukewarm Laodicea Chapter 17


MESSENGER PREAMBLE FORMULA— 3:14B ..... p. 474

  • Description of the suzerain .....p. 475
  • The preexistent suzerain: the amen—14b ......p. 475
  • The preexistent suzerain: faithful and true—14c ..... p. 476
  • The preexistent suzerain: the beginning of God’s creation—14d ..... p. 477

HISTORICAL PROLOGUE—3:15–16A .....p. 478

  • The suzerain knows their works—3:15a .....p. 478
  • The suzerain knows they are neither cold nor hot—15b ..... p. 479
  • Fig. 162. Hieropolis’ travertine terrace pools.
  • Fig. 163. A cylindrical device (authepsa) for heating water to mix with wine.
  • Fig. 164. Roman bronze wine-strainer
  • Fig. 165. Thermopolium in Herculaneum
  • The suzerain knows they are lukewarm—3:16a ..... p. 483

SANCTIONS: CURSES—3:16B–17 .....p. 484

  • The curse of being spit out of his mouth—3:16b ..... p. 484
  • The curse of prosperity—17a .....p. 485
  • The curse of not realizing that they are a pitiful wretch—17b ..... p. 486
  • The curse of not realizing that they are poor—17b ..... p. 487
  • The curse of not realizing that they are blind—17b ..... p. 487
  • The curse of not realizing that they are naked—17b ..... p. 487

ETHICAL STIPULATIONS—3:18–19 .....p. 488

  • First imperative: Buy from the suzerain—3:18a ..... p. 488
  • Second imperative: Buy gold to become rich—18b ..... p. 488
  • Third imperative: Buy white garments to hide your nakedness—18c ..... 489
  • Fourth imperative: Buy salve to anoint your eyes—18d ..... p. 490
  • Fifth imperative: Be zealous—19a .....p. 491
  • Six imperative: Repent—19b .....p. 492

SANCTIONS: BLESSING—3:20–21 .....p. 493

  • The blessing of the suzerain who knocks—20a ..... p. 493
  • Fig. 166. Oil painting of The Light of the World.
  • The blessings of a communion meal—20b ......p. 495
  • Fig. 167. Reproduction of a triclinium (dining room, Lat. lectus triclinaris) with two couch.
  • Fig. 168. The marble Lansdowne throne of Apollo.
  • The blessings of sitting with Christ on his throne—21..... p. 500
  • Fig. 169. Special armchair of honor (poedria) at ground level in the theatre of Priene.
  • Fig. 170. Roman cameo of Gemma Augustea.
  • Conclusion .....p. 502

PROCLAMATION WITNESS FORMULA—3:22..... p. 502

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Figure 153

Photograph courtesy of © Ferrell Jenkins 153. The tomb of Flavius Zeuxis at Hierapolis.