Luxurious Laodicea Chapter 16


THE GEOGRAPHY OF LAODICEA .....p. 426

  •     Fig. 134. Map of the modern area around Hierapolis, Laodicea, and Colossae, identifying the cold and thermal springs.

THE HISTORY OF LAODICEA .....p. 429

  • Under Seleucid control .....p. 429

JESUS SPEAKS TO SEVEN OF HIS CHURCHES

  • Under Pergamene control .....p. 430
  • Under Roman control (133 BC–AD 660) ..... p. 430
  •     Fig. 135. Coin from Laodicea ad Lycum with the head of Polemon, the son of Zenon.
  •     Fig. 136. Coin from Laodikeia ad Lycum, with Dioskourides and Zeus.
  •     Fig. 137. Urban plan of the city of Laodicea
  • Under Byzantine control .....p. 435

THE POPULATION OF LAODICEA .....p. 436

THE IMPORTANT BUILDINGS OF LAODICEA ..... p. 437

  • The city gates (no. 1, 2, 3, 32) .....p. 438
  •     Fig. 138. The Frontinus gate at Hieropolis built during the time of Domitian.
  • The north state agora ......p. 438
  • The water system .....p. 439
  •     Fig. 139. The north state agora in Laodicea.....p. 439
  •     Fig. 140. Water distribution tower (castellum aquae), terminal 1 at Laodicea.
  •     Fig. 141. Map of the modern area around Laodicea.
  •     Fig. 142. Closeup of the water distribution tower, terminal 1.
  •     Fig. 143. Ground level aqueduct at Laodicea.
  • The nymphaeums .....p. 444
  •     Fig. 144. The nymphaeum of Perga. 
  •     Fig. 145. The overgrown Ladoicean stadium.
  • The stadium (no. 4) .....p. 446
  • The temples .....p. 447
  • Temple A, AD 26–60 (no. 18) .....p. 447
  •     Fig. 146. The restored Temple A.
  • The theaters .....p. 449
  •     Fig. 147. West theater with the white traverstine cliffs of Hieropolis.
  •     Fig. 148. The north theater in 1838.
  • The bouleuterion (no. 7) .....p. 450
  • The south gymnasium/bath (no. 5) .....p. 451
  •     Fig. 149. The south Gymnasium/Bath complex arches at Laodicea.
  • Central baths (no. 16) ......p. 451
  •     Fig. 150. The Central Bath.
  • The necropolis .....p. 452

THE COMMERCE OF LAODICEA .....p. 452

  • Medical center and ophthalmology .....p. 452
  •     Fig. 151. Coin with the head of Augustus and Zeus holding an eagle.
  • Textile industry and wool .....p. 456
  •     Fig. 152. Reconstruction of a vertical loom with genuine loom weights.
  •     Fig. 153. The tomb of Flavius Zeuxis at Hierapolis.
  • The financial world at Laodicea .....p. 460
  •     Fig. 154. Votive stele of Zeus Ktesios Patrios from Laodicea.

THE RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY OF LAODICEA ..... p. 462

  • The gods of Laodicea .....p. 462
  •     Fig. 155. Column A with the relief of Laodicea (Fortuna/Tyche).
  •     Fig. 156. Coin with bust of Demos with Zeus Laodiceus holding an eagle.
  •     Fig. 157. Marble altar to Zeus Ktesios Patrios.
  •     Fig. 158. Coin with bust of Domitian with Hera facing Zeus Laodiceus, and Athena. 
  •     Fig. 159. The third cent. AD votive stele of Zeus Laodikeus.
  •     Fig. 160. Column B with relief of Apollo, two griffins, and Fortuna (Tyche).
  • The imperial cult .....p. 468
  •     Fig. 161. Neōkorōs coin of Laodicea ad Lycum with Ailios Pisoneinos, asiarch.
  •     Fig. 162. Coin wtih the statues of Caracalla, Zeus and Asclepius.
  •     Fig. 163. Neōkorōs coin of Laodicea ad Lycum with bust of Caracalla.
  • The Jewish community .....p. 470
  •     Fig. 164. Column from Laodicea with an inscribed menorah, lulav, shophar and a cross. 
  • The Christian community .....p. 471

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Figure 173

Kunsthistorisches Museum (no. IX A 79) Photograph by James Steakley, PD Roman cameo of Gemma Augustea (AD 9–12). A depiction of Emperor...