Prosperous Philadelphia Chapter 14

THE GEOGRAPHY OF PHILADELPHIA .....p. 379

  •      Fig. 112. Stone relief of Attalus II (second cent. BC). 

THE HISTORY OF PHILADELPHIA .....p. 380

  • Ancient Philadelphia ......p. 380
  •     Fig. 113. Coin from Neocaesarea with the head of Gallienus.
  •     Fig. 114. Coin with the head of Vespasian and the name Flavi and image of Zeus.
  • Roman Philadelphia .....p. 382
  • Byzantine Philadelphia .....p. 382
  •     Fig. 115. Basilica of St. John in Alaşehir (ancient Philadelphia). 
  • Modern period.....p. 383
  •     Fig. 116. Map of the Greek Orthodox Metropolises in Asia Minor (Anatolia).

THE POPULATION OF PHILADELPHIA .....p. 384

AN INDUSTRIOUS CITY .....p. 385

  • Fertile land .....p. 385
  •     Fig.117. Coin from Philadelphia with bust of Augusta and a bunch of grapes.
  •     Fig.118. Urban plan of the city of Philadelphia (modern Alaşehir).
  • Textile and leather .....p. 386 
  •     Fig. 119. Coin with the head of Trajan and a distyle temple.

A CULTURED CITY .....p. 387

  • The aqueduct .....p. 387
  • The theater .....p. 387
  •      Fig. 120. The overgrown remains of the theater in Philadelphia.
  • The stadium .....p. 388
  • The temples.....p. 388
  •     Fig. 121. Coin from Philadelphia with head of Domitian and statue of goddess.

A POLITICAL CITY .....p. 389

A RELIGIOUS CITY .....p. 390

  • The gods of Philadelphia .....p. 390
  •      Fig. 122. Coin with head of Demos, and Aphrodite holding an apple.
  •      Fig. 123. Coin with a portrait of Julia Domna and tetrastyle temple with Aphrodite.
  •      Fig. 124. Coin with Demos with Athena holding Artemis Anaitis.
  •      Fig. 125. Coin with Trajan Decius and Tyche with Dioskuri in the temple.
  •      Fig. 126. Coin with head of Zeus Koryphaeos with Aphrodite holding an apple
  •      Fig. 127. Coin with bust of Artemis, with quiver and arrows with Apollo.
  • The imperial cult.....p. 396
  • Neōkoros .....p. 396
  •      Fig. 128. Neōkorōs coin with head of Caracalla with a tetrastyle temple with Helios.
  • The Jewish community .....p. 397
  • The Christian community .....p. 397

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Figure 173

Kunsthistorisches Museum (no. IX A 79) Photograph by James Steakley, PD Roman cameo of Gemma Augustea (AD 9–12). A depiction of Emperor...